Question about Radio Communications
Radio does not receive or transmit. could it be the keying transistor
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
SOURCE: cobra 148 gtl
First take a jumper wire and connect it to the DC Ground of the input of the radio then touch it to the TX pin on the radio if it does keyes up then its in the mic or mic cord on the end of the mic plug or where it goes into the mic cable goes up inside the mic. If the radio don't key up at all then check the main voltage regulator chip one pin will have 8 volts transmit and another pin will have 8volts recieve. If you get no switching DC voltage on the regulator then its bad and needs replacing there is also a known bad capacitor in the radio thats only 10 volts change it to 25 volts at the same capacitance.
Posted on Jan 08, 2008
1 why would you change the finals?? Have you checked you antenna? How are your SWR's? Crappy antenna's cause a lot of problems.
Use an external meter to see what the SWR is, and see what the output is PEP. If its low, then there is something wrong. If it is High, change the mic and turn up the dynamic all the way.
Next. Have you been messing around in there?? Tryin to get more wattage? You turned VR4? If you thought you were turning it up by turning it all the way to the right, you turned it all the way down. Turn it all the way to the left.
Posted on Jun 17, 2009
Check TR38 I have seen caps in the circut
go bad more then once if you have a schematic you should be able to find it if one
is bad,a capasator meter would help but you
can check them with a ohm meter.
Posted on Sep 16, 2009
With the radio on, and the case off. Rub your finger gently across the contacts of the audio chip on the trace side of the board. If you hear noise from the speaker it is good. if you don't hear anything(make sure the speaker is hooked up) then the audio chip is bad. You need to change it.
Posted on Jan 28, 2010
make sure the RF gain is all the way up, and the dynamic is all the way up or most of the way up.
When you say the antenna is good, have you checked the SWR's and or have tuned the antenna to be the correct length for the radio? If this has not been done ever, your radio could be a brick.
Also, make sure the PA/CB switch is on CB. if its on PA(public address) it will not receive or transmit because it is on PA mode, which if you have one hooked up, a PA speaker, then you can talk to people through it out side your car.
Also, make sure the S/RF SWR CAL switch, its the first one on the left, is all the way up on S/RF. this is your signal/ receive setting for the meter. When you hold the key, does this needle swing forward? As well does the RX/TX light turn red? If it does, then the radio is transmitting.
There is another light on the radio under the TX/RX light. It is the Antenna warning light. If this light comes on when you transmit, or has come on all the time during transmit, and now it doesn't then the radio is a brick. That is a warning light. It means that the antenna is not matched, or has not been tuned to the radio. If this has not been done ever, you have killed the radio.
Here is why. When you transmit, you are sending off a radio wave. This radio wave, at 27mhz, is about 36 feet long. In order for the wave to radiate off the antenna, the length of the antenna has to match the length of the radio wave. Now it does not have to be a full 36 feet. It can be an exact multiple of 36 feet. In other words it can be 1/4( one quarter) or 5/8(five eights) of a wave in length. 1/4 of a wave is 108 inches, or 9 feet long. Your antenna is still probably does not seem 9 feet long, but there is usually a loading coil that is not exposed making up the rest of the length of antenna, so that it matches the length of the radio waves electrically. If you were to stretch the coil out with the antenna whip, it would be 9 feet long.
When the antenna does not match the wave length, part of the RF energy does not leave the antenna, and goes back down the feed line(coax) and hits the transmit transistor. Prolonged reflection to the transmit transistor, otherwise known as the final will blow it out. As well depending on how bad the length was off, the more off, the more reflect energy, the more RF energy you are blasting back into the radio, and this causes more things then just the transmit to blow out. Some time the receive goes along with it when it finally goes.
So if the RF gain is up all the way, which by the way is basically how much receive you have, and there really is no reason to have it down at all, and the CB/PA switch is on CB and the needle does not swing forward when its on the S/RF setting, chances are that the radio is now no good.
It is fixable, but if there are no CB shops near you then you will have to send it out. And Cobra will not cover this under warranty because its stated in their warranty that they do not cover damage due to high SWR.
Posted on Apr 06, 2010
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