The 2005 Regulatory Safety (Fire Safety) Order provides that if a property is not owned or managed by a person, they have a legal responsibility for protecting people who live or work in the area from the risk of fire. This includes regularly reviewing and conducting an assessment of fire risk to assist in fire prevention, risk reduction and fire prevention.
The Fire Safety Order says that the responsible person must complete - or have a fire safety expert perform - an extensive fire risk assessment
The Health and Safety Executive and Gov.UK describe the 5 steps that are required for a fire safety assessment.
Step 1: Identify the fire hazards
This involves first identifying any hazards that could cause a fire. You can start fires when heat comes in contact with fuel or oxygen. So, you must thoroughly think about how and where a fire could start in your home.
A source of ignition could be electrical equipment like heaters or computers. Anything that is wrapped around them, including textiles, could make a fire even more intense.
Step 2: Identify people at-risk
There is risk for everyone in your home when there is an emergency. It is worth considering whether certain individuals are more at risk. This could be because they use particularly dangerous materials or equipment, work in isolated areas, work at nights, or are not familiar the property (such a customer or guest). A fire can also make it more dangerous for children, the elderly, or the disabled.
Step 3: Evaluate and remove or reduce risk
Once you've completed the first and second steps, it is time to carefully evaluate the results. The next step is to consider the best ways to significantly reduce or eliminate fire risks that you have identified. This includes taking safety precautions.
Step 4: Record, plan and train
If you have five or more employees in your business, or have a licensed license, you must keep a copy of your fire-risk assessment. This document will detail all fire hazards, and the steps taken to reduce them.
Then, you need to make clear, complete plans on what to do in the event of an emergency, including how to escape.
Step 5: Review
Your fire risk assessment must be reviewed periodically. Also, you should review your fire risk assessment and fire evacuation plan regularly, noting any significant changes and informing or retraining staff as necessary.
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