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this is all i can find out for you so not sure if this will help you out. If it is not in the correct position, the needle will not go down and pick-up your bobbin thread. ... Also, make sure your bobbin is in correctly (not backwards) and that the upper tension disks of your machine arethreaded correctly. Make sure the presser foot is upwhen seating the thread through the upper tension.
try changing the needle rethread the machine top and bobbin make sure to use every thread guide make sure the top thread has not come off the thread take up lever--this can cause the sewing machine to jam if it's a top loading bobbin--take the bobbin out of the bobbin case and turn it around and reinsert the bobbin if it's a side or front loading bobbin take the bobbin and bobbin case out and make sure the bobbin is inserted correctly into the bobbin case and that the bobbin case is inserted correctly into the sewing machine.
Most machines require that the bobbin in the case unspool in a certain direction its considered common knowledge I guess because it doesn't seem to be written in the text of manuals... but is indicated in the photos. make sure it's unspooling correctly.
Secondly. Please make sure you have the correct needle for your machine. Some machines do not use a 15x1 (most common needle) Let me show you. (see photo below) Clearly the 241x1 won't fit into your machine. BUT the 15x1 will go into the machine that requires the 20x1.... and the result is it won't pick up the bobbin thread.
try changing needles clean under the needle plate & in the bobbin area for loose thread or lint make sure the bobbin is inserted into the bobbin case correctly--if the machine won't pick the thread up from the bobbin correctly take the bobbin out of the case & turn it around & try it that way.
check the needle to see if it's damaged
have a thread tail for the top thread & bobbin thread of 3-4 inches
try this & see if it helps you
make sure there's a 3-4 inch bobbin thread then, hold the top thread tail (3-4 inches) with your fingers away from the needle & then use the handwheel on the right side of the machine & lower the needle down into the bobbin area & see if it pick up the bobbin thread that way
make sure there's no lint or loose threads in bobbin area
try these suggestions
Not picking up thread can be several issues
1.bobbin is miss wound
2. bobbin case isn't snapped in properly
3. you're using the wrong type bobbin
4. needle is bent or burred
5. check bobbin area for lint & loose threads
6. little oil--check operation manual for this
7.machine is out of time --done by service tech
8.check automatic thread cutter to see if it’s bent
but most of the time the issue is once again mis-threading or the thread coming off take up lever
sewing machine needles put in incorrectly
Check & make sure needle is in the needle holder correctly. Check your manual for threading diagram check bobbin area including case for lint & loose threads
Take the needle plate off & clean under neath it ( if your machine has screws that hold the needle plate on be careful NOT TO DAMAGE THE SCREWS) because a damaged screw that has a burr on it can pull fabric
Each time you start to sew 1.make sure there’s 2 to 3 inches of top thread when you put the needle down for the bobbin thread
2.make sure there is a 2 to 3 inch of bobbin thread so the top thread can pick it up
3.Pull the tail of the top and bobbin thread behind the presser foot
hope these help--please rate this with the thumbs in the upper right hand corner-thank you