I have a singer 132q but no manual. I have been trying to hem my daughters jeans, however, the thread keeps breaking. I am not sure if I have it threaded properly or if the tension is correct. I would really like to have a manual. If anyone can help me I would greatly appreciate it.
I wanted to turn my daughters old jeans into shorts since they still fit, but were too short. I was having the same problem, but I was able to make some progress. I switched the thread from a poly/cotton blend to 100% polyester and it was a big improvement. I still was unable to stitch through seams. I am going to try a more heavy duty polyester thread and an upholstery needle (18/110).
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You need a couple of things. One is to flatten the seams before you try to sew them. One of the best is to spread the hems on a wooden cutting board or simiilar smooth surface and beat the hems flat with a flat faced hammer. This is an official sewing hammer: http://www.fashion-incubator.com/archive/tools_and_supplies/ and it will compress the fabric so it doesn't lift your presser foot up and let the tension off the top thread (which is what's causing your looping problem).
Alternatively, you can do the jeans hem alteration that pros will charge you more for (because it's "fashionable"), and it's also faster and easier. Often called Euro-hemming: http://www.sewmuchado.com/2011/06/tutorial-how-to-hem-jeans-and-keep-the-original-hem.html
The problem happens when the thickness of the fabric being sewn is uneven. You need to raise the rear of the presser foot so it is even with the front of the foot. There is a little tool called a "hump jumper" or "jean-a-ma-jig" that makes it easy to do. When you get to the hump place the tool at the back of the presser foot and sew slowly. The machine should do the rest and the tool will fall away when it's no longer needed.
I turned up my husband's jeans using a size 100 needle. You can get easy thread needles that have a small gap in one side that you slide the thread through. There is a good way to turn up jeans and keep the original hem without having to cut them. Have a look at this site http://www.daciaray.com/?p=38
I would use a denim needle, these are blue coated to slide through the fibres, usually in size 100. But the looping is more about the weight of the seam, ie thickness. Also aremyou trying to use thick yellow jeans thread on the outside and normal thread inside? This is difficult to achieve as the thick yellow thread wont go through needle, you need to use it on the bobbin and sew right side down. I have never had much success with jeans hems on my Japanese machine and usually end up using my industrial Singer to do it. You can try usinf a seam jumper Sometimes called a jeans-a-ma-jig, this helps give leaverage to the feed dogs as you approach the side seams. Also, belt the seams flat with a hammer first.
Typically loops are a tension problem. Have you tried resetting your tension? You may have to also adjust your bottom tension, but be sure you mark (with fingernail polish or a sharpie) the original position so that you can put it back if it doesn't solve the problem. Also, what type of needle are you using? Try a jeans needle, maybe a 90 or 100. And, what kind of bobbin thread are you using? If you're using the same jeans thread, it may be too heavy for the bobbin. Try regular cotton or poly in the bobbin.
There is special thread for denim/jeans. It usually comes in shades of brown. It's a little heavier and might help with the breakage. You might also want to try a little less tension. I assume you already have a Schmetz denim needle?
Are you using the correct type of needle? have a word with your needle supplier and explain the problem. Different threads and different thickness material need different top and bottom tension adjustments.
Can I suggest sew one thickness material at a time with tension adjustments for that thickness. Then change the tensions and do a batch of thicker material.