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Step 1: The Ubuntu Linux operating system is available either with or without a desktop environment. The version with the desktop environment is meant for personal use and includes word processing, email and graphic editing software. The version without the desktop environment is called "Ubuntu Server." The server version does not come with any graphical software or productivity software. There are three different desktop environments available for the Ubuntu operating system. The default is the Gnome desktop. The other two are the KDE and the XFCE desktop environments.
Log into the server. Type the command "sudo apt-get update" to update the list of software packages available. Type the command "sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop" to install the Gnome desktop. Type the command "sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop" to install the XFCE desktop. Type the command "sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop" to install the KDE desktop. Type the command "sudo reboot" to reboot the server. Ubuntu Linux Tutorials,Howtos,Tips & News http://www.ubuntugeek.com/install-gui-in-ubuntu-server.html
Ubuntu has the root account locked by default. If you need to run as root, you use sudo username (This is recommended) If you want to have a root shell on an Ubuntu system (It is not suggestedsuggested) sudo -i This is equivalent to the "su -" commandsudo -s This is equivalent to the "su" command
You need to add the following lines to /etc/apt/sources.list file or
you need to make sure you have enabled Universe and multiverse
repositories in /etc/apt/sources.list file
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Make sure you have the following two lines save and exit your file
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy universe multiverse
Now you need to run the following command to update the source list
sudo apt-get update
Install mplayer using the following command
sudo apt-get install mplayer
if you want to open mplayer just type
You can Open from Applications—>Sound&Video—> Mplayer Movie Player Install libdvdcss2 and w32 video codecs in Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron)
Support for WMV, RealMedia and other formats has been bundled into
the w32codecs package. This package is not available from the Ubuntu
repositories due to licensing and legal restrictions.
For Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron) Users run the following command
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/hardy.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
Then, add the GPG Key using the following commands
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring
sudo apt-get update For i386 Users install Codecs using the following command
sudo apt-get install w32codecs libdvdcss2 For amd64 Users install Codecs using the following command
sudo apt-get install w64codecs libdvdcss2
Using above download locations you can install most of the mutimedia codecs for ubuntu. Mplayer Plugin for Firefox
If you want to install Mplayer with plug-in for Mozilla Firefox run the following command
sudo apt-get install mozilla-mplayer
sudo dscl . change /Groups/username RecordName username_username
Replace the italicized "username" with your account username (which is also the name of the user's Home folder, in the Users folder). Remember to include the
underscore "_" before your user name in the second command.
If you have more than one account on the computer affected by this
issue, you should run these two commands again for each account,
substituting with the appropriate user name each time.