Question about Garmin nuvi 260W GPS Receiver

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Have reverse-connected power to Nuvi 260W. Has blown a component which I suspect is a protection diode but cannot identify to replace. Would like to get hands on a circuit diagram please.

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SHARCNET-USA

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These diagrams are not available to the consumer and are proprietary to the manufacturer given that the product is still covered under warranty repair.

Remove the part and using an ohmmeter, determine if its shorted. If it is a diode, you don't have to use a SMT diode, a leaded part will do just fine, like a 1N4001-1N4007 or smaller series diode. It may be difficult to solder but is is possible.

- Jim
SHARCNET-USA

Posted on Aug 26, 2009

Testimonial: "Thank you for that. My issue is that the component was blown to pieces and I can't identfy it. Cheers again."

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1 Answer

What is the main function of a reverse polarity diode, what would happen if it was blown


Hi,
a diode in reverse polarity could be used e.g. for protecting some circuit against improper polarity of supply. It could be connected in serial - but it is in forward polarity - (disadvantage: voltage drop) or in parallel - reverse polarity - with a fuse in serial to supply. This way is often used with Zener diode - protection against overvoltage in addition. Try to google e.g. "how to protect against improper polarity". For this type of protection could be used special types od diodes - transils - they could be one- or bidirectional. In case of a diode failure, the supplied circuit may not work - it depends on the way of diode connection and type of its failure - short circuit or disconnection. But there is many diode application: try https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diode https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diode#Applications
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Does my cobra 29 wx nw sound tracker cb radio have internal fuses


If you have reversed power leads you may have blow the protection diode and fuse. Well I am sure the fuse is blown if this is the case you may have been lucky and only popped the fuse if you replace the fuse an it blows also you will know for sure but be sure you don't use a larger fuse. Now we will assume the worst that the diode is blow. Remove the speaker side cover and with a pair of side cutting wire cutters cut D23. If you have trouble finding it its the second component from speaker jack next to a cylinder electrolytic capacitor it is a black component. This will stop your fuse blowing problem that was created when reversing polarity but unless you replace the diode you have disabled your protection if it happens again. It is a good practice to turn on/off switch to off position before connecting power. Take care .....hope this was of help.

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Hmmmmm, well that`s unfortunate , i can tell you that most electronic devices that connect to low voltage DC supply's are protected bye a protection diode and the fuse link you think it might be is a circuit trace internal.
an 800 watt innverter draws about 80 to 100 amp to produce the 800 watt output and you must have 2 40 amp fuses or 3 30 amp fuses customer replaceable, if you did not damage the components in your device all you kneed to do is to repair the circuit trace and replace the reverse polarity protection diode to restore normal operation

there are no fuse links internal to inverter power supply's

best regards Falco

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Blows fuse when you plug power in, it is not


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1 Answer

No power to radio wont even turn on


The most likely thing is what we techs call revers polarity. this means that the customer accedently hook up the power in reverse. this happens more often then not. The fix for this is to replace the 1 amp diode that goes between the negative and positive power input on the board. the Diode number is a 1N4007 or any 1amp silicone diode. You will also see that once Blown diode is cut the radio will come back on. this does not mean the radio is fixed what this means is that the shorted diode has been removed from the circuit. which also means the radio has nom protection until the diode is replaced.

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that diode is a reverse polarity protection diode. An 1N414 will do ( available for very very little from almost ALL electronic component suppliers.) If there is NOTHING ELSE WRONG then the tomtom will still work without this diode. Its not needed in normal operation anyway. All it does is cause the fuse to blow in the cigarette lighter plug if the polarity is accidently reversed. Therefore , with a correct supply , it does nothing !

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Hi,

Try checking the reverse protection diode. This diode would normally be connected right after the power connector and would be the biggest diode inside. One way to verify if this is defective and causing the fuse to blow is even with the power switch at the OFF position, the fuse will still blow.

If on the other hand, the reverse protection diode is good and fuse will not blow when power switch is at OFF, then the short/defective component is inside. There would only be two (2) major components that can cause the fuse to blow with the power switch to ON, the final transistor and/or the audio IC.

Hope this be of initial help/idea. Pls post back how things turned up or should you need additional information.

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Mladen,
[email protected]

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Huge static busts


Hi,

Most if not all CB radios have a reverse protection diode soldered immediately right after the power connector. Its purpose is to provide a practical short if the wires are connected wrongly to a power source. This would cause the fuse to blow. The diode normally goes bad after a reversed polarity connection and therefore would need to be replaced. This diode is not in series with the B+ line but connected parallel to the power.

In some instances, other components would also fail: Power capacitors, Audio IC, TX finals and/or the switching/regulator IC.

Hope that this be of some help/idea. Pls post back how things worked out or should you need additional information.

Good luck and kind regards.

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2 Answers

Power was reversed now radio keeps bowing fuse and will not come on


Hello hubcap,

 

When the power was reversed this shorted out one of the components, possibly an Operational Amplifier. This tells me that there is no diode protection and possibly the circuitry is exposed directly to the input power supply. The fix would be to find the shorted component with the use of a schematic and a multimeter. Once you correct the shorted component then if possible you can add diode protection by putting a diode (forward biased direction) in the path of the positive line.

 

Again you will need a schematic, and a multimeter to work on this problem.

 

I hope this helps,

 

Thank you,

 

Shuttle83

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