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It is not only ******* for a VFR only pilot to fly in the IFR system, it is also potentially very dangerous. Even many IFR rated pilots are killed each year from spatial disorientation. IF you are on a straight in approach to a runway with a localizer or ILS and just tune it in and fly the ILS I don't think that's an issue.
Modern Jet airliners already have electronic screens that depict the ground, the sky, maps, terrain and many more things, They are known as "Glass Cockpit" aircraft. These aircraft can land in Zero visibility fully automatically without the pilots having to see out of the window at all, just viewing the screens. The problems are in training of the flight crews. Full automated approaches and landings are far more exacting on the flight crew than a normal visual landing and crews have to be specially trained and certified to do them. The thought that on an automatic landing the pilots just sit there and do nothing is far from reality. The procedure is one of intense concentration and if the aircraft so much a twitches the pilots will abandon the approach, they have to watch everything. Training flight crews is a very expensive business and an international operator would have to have about nine crews for just one aircraft. Training those crews to operate with just view screens would blow the training budget out the bank. No matter how cleaver these modern jets are the fastest computer on board is still the one between the pilots ears and using all his senses and especially sight through a window will be with us for some time.
It's quite permissible to do so, however a general aviation pilot in a low performance plane should be ready for fast instructions and quite a bit of maneuvering to stay out of the way. The best time to do it would be at night. Here's a youtube video of one doing it. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKvWn317tpU
For the foreseeable future there will be a good demand for pilots. Some planes can already auto land with no pilot input but it will be many years before pilots disappear and there is almost always a pilot shortage.
Technically is you are flying domestic you are not flying over foreign airspace. If flying IFR you must file one. Needless to say when filing a flight plan you must decalre if you are domestic of international flight.
From a pilot perspective, the pilot is ultimately responsible for all operation of the aircraft. This includes following all the instructions of an air traffic controller who often gives their radio commands so fast a stenographer couldn't keep up with it. Often an unbelievable amount of stress, but we can always ask them to repeat slower - though they frequently get a little sarcastic when you ask. Controllers, on the other hand, are responsible for sometimes dozens of aircraft in their sectors and many of them are not talking to the controller. I can imagine an equally huge stress trying to keep the planes that are talking to a controller away from the ones who aren't talking to the controller. So I'd call it fairly even.
Are you asking about the certification of the aircraft itself (14 CFR part 3 vs. 14 CFR part 23?), or approval for instrument precision landings (ILS CAT III)? If the latter, it's really not an aircraft issue, but rather an equipment issue. That means you can have two aircraft of the same type, but one is equipped for CAT III and the other is not.
CAT III is basically autoland, which means it needs redundant navigation equipment, computer throttle controls, etc. But you could, in theory, outfit an old Citation with all that and get it approved (at some huge price <G>). And, don't forget, the crew needs to be certified as well.