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I went fishing with a commercial fisherman. I had a freshwater spinning reel and we were fishing for mackerel and Pollack. He told me pulling fish upwards from the bottom would damage the teeth on the retrieve because a spinning reel is designed to pull fish towards you at an angle, whereas in boat fishing you are hauling from below. After bringing up 3 lots of line with 4 to 6 mackerel on feathers, the teeth started to skip. He said "I did tell you". I wasn't too worried as it was a very cheap reel. The next week I bought a Penn 10 which was what he recommended.
Basically you have stripped the ends of the teeth. Depending on the quality of the reel, you may be able to get spares, or otherwise you upgrade.
With the new line threaded through all of the fishing rod's eyelets,
open the bail. You open the bail by pulling it over across the spool,
until it locks in an open position. Tie the line in a knot around the
reel's spool, and loosely wrap the line around the spool at least 7 to 8
times, then pull slowly on the line, to tighten the line that is
wrapped around the spool. Holding the box or spool of fishing line between your feet, so that it
will remain close to you, start reeling in your casting rod. When you
start reeling it in, the bail automatically closes, and makes the line
wrap onto the spool properly. Reel the new line in until the spool is
about 75% full, or to the lines marked inside the reel's spool. Cut the
new line about 8 feet from the outer-most eyelet of your fishing rod. Hope this solution has been helpful?
The drag is set by turning the knob which secures the spool to the reel.
To cast, hold the line against the rod with index finger on right hand. Then flip the bail open which frees the line to come off the spool. The bail, when it gets to a certain point will lock open. When casting, release your finger on the line when the rod gets to 11 o'clock.
Flip the bail back by turning the reel handle -- the bail will pop back over the reel -- then you're ready to reel it in.
The bail is the wire-like device on the top of the reel.
There is probably a button/switch for turning anti-reverse on & off -- when on, this keeps the reel from turning backwards when force is applied to the line.
The line needs to installed on the reel as it is on the new spool when purchased. Also check spool drag. If it is a spinning reel it is important to install the string correctly and use a quality brand of string.