Question about Bernina Sewing Machines

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My bernina 1030 is not feeding the fabric, it is sewing in one place

Cleaning out all lint or debris under the needle and bobbin area

Posted by Wendy bernthal on

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MissFixIt828

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Make sure your feed dogs are not set for free motion or darning. Once you switch them to regular sewing you will need to turn your hand wheel 1 rotation for them to come up. Also make sure that your stitch length is not set at 0.

Posted on Jan 08, 2015

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5 Related Answers

bargainbox

Hassy

  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: tangle in bobbin area, stuck needle

Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.




Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely cause....now for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.
The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

QUICK SUMMARY FIRST:
Ensure sharp new needle, 
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

TOP THREAD TENSION:
If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your 
projects). 

IS YOUR NEEDLE SHARP ?
If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

TOP TENSION & GUIDES:
Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with 
a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to 
disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

BOBBIN TENSION:
Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension. 

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean 
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits) 

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really ....do .....actually .....need .....to adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned. 

TOP LOADER:
Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so beware....it is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

FRONT LOADER:
....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all 
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT:
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at 
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do this.....BUT....it is, 
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite quickly.....as a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

OTHER ISSUES:
If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine 
case....no case ? then make some sort of cover ! 

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with 
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

FINALLY, A WORD ON THREAD:
If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, .......it may seem to cost a little more at the 
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks !

www.bargainbox.com.au

Posted on Nov 13, 2008

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Anonymous

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: Not picking up the Bobbin thread

I cleaned the machine good with canned air, oiled it. I took out the bobbin case and cleaned it good also. I then noticed the tension screw on the bobbin case was loose, tightened it and the problem was fixed.

Posted on Nov 17, 2008

judithdesign

  • 3 Answers

SOURCE: Not picking up the Bobbin thread

Sounds like you have to take off the throat plate and clean out threads under it.  Sometime they ball up and prevent the needle from going down and catching the bobbin thread. You can't see themuntil you take off the plate.  Follow the directions.  It is easy.

Posted on Mar 07, 2009

sew dutch

Ellen Den Dulk

  • 25 Answers

SOURCE: Top thread won't pick up the bobbin thread

re insert the needle, maybe you did not put the needle up as far as it is to go. Make sure the flat side of the needle is to the back of the machine. Without any thread in the machine hand turn the wheel and look to see if the hook of your bobbin would/could catch the thread (to see if timing is right)
then thread the machine and hand turn the wheel and see what it is doing.
Your timing might be off, but I do not think that is likely. Though it is possible that when the needle fell out, it hit something hard, broke, and pushed the machine out of timing. then you need to bring it in.

Posted on May 26, 2009

Anonymous

  • 111 Answers

SOURCE: I have a Bernina Activa 130. The bottom threads

bunching threads bunching means that upper tension or threading is wrong

Posted on Jul 08, 2009

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1 Answer

My Elna 6000: the needle does not want to move forward or backwards


The needle never moves forward/back on its own for most sewing machines. The needle bar goes up and down. The fabric moves due to the action of the feed dogs. First remove the fabric from under the presser foot. Check for tangled thread wrapped around the feed dogs or fabric/thread going down into the bobbin area in a tangle. Next check if the feed dogs are up. (When the feed dogs are down or covered (on some machines), the machine is in darning mode. The fabric will only move if you move it yourself.) With the fabric out of the way, rotate the hand wheel and check if the feed dogs are moving. Open up the bobbin compartment and clean out any lint, thread or other debris that may be tangling the mechanism. Take off the throat plate and check the feed dogs. A damaged throat plate can stop the feed dogs from moving properly. You may need to replace the throat plate.

For some machines, you may need to make sure that the unit is not in bobbin wind mode. This is usually obvious since the needle bar won't move either.

I hope this helps.

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Feed dog issues, my Bernina 1260 will not reverse and stitching length is erratic.


Take off your needle plate and clean your feed dogs. If the feed dogs get too much lint built up, they won't feed the fabric consistently.

Jan 04, 2017 | Bernina Sewing Machines

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My janome 10000 is running rough, use to run very smoothe, how do I service that?


look in the operation manual to see if you have to oil the machine or if it's one that is self oiling,, if you have to oil it, oil only the places shown in the manual.

clean under the needle plate--for lint, it collect in the feed dog area, if a small brush came with the machine use it.

clean in the bobbin area also--for lint

also use a new needle-one for the fabric being sewed

Jun 18, 2015 | Janome Memory Craft 10000

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My BV 160 is giving me problems. The fabric will not move along as I sew. I hve ck'd the feed dogs, they're ok, rethreaded the needle, bobbin, cleaned the bobbin but still not sewing.


have you checked the presser foot to see if the presser foot is holding
the fabric against the feed dogs so they can move the fabric thru to
be sewn by the needle?

Jun 07, 2012 | Bernina Virtuosa 160

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The bobbin is not preforming properly. It jumps around when I sew and then on the back of the fabric there is a ton of excess thread.


Change needle
Clean under needle plate where feed dogs are for lint
Clean bobbin area for lint or loose threads
Rethread machine top thread make sure to get every thread guide
& bobbin
Check tension 3 or 4 is usually good

if the bobbin is top loading they will flop around some when the start getting close to empty
if it's a bottom loading bobbin & case then it's not inserted correctly

Nov 24, 2010 | Singer 7442 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

Every few stitches thread gathers and jams on bobbin side of fabric. Why? [the machine is a Singer model 6180]


Change needle
Clean under needle plate where feed dogs are for lint
Clean bobbin area for lint or loose threads
Rethread machine top thread make sure to get every thread guide
& bobbin
Check tension 3 or 4 is usually good

Nov 23, 2010 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Loose thread on bottom of fabric and locks up needle


Change needle
Clean under needle plate where feed dogs are for lint
Clean bobbin area for lint or loose threads
Rethread machine top thread make sure to get every thread guide
& bobbin
Check tension 3 or 4 is usually good

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How do you oil a Bernina Activa 130? The manual doesn't say anything about it.


Remove needle, needleplate, presser foot and bobbin case. Now take a lint brush and clean under the feed dogs and hook area. take the bernina oiler(must be bernina oil only) now place a drop just below where the bobbin case clip on and one small drop under the feed dog area. replace items, sew out a test sample and away you go.

Apr 27, 2010 | Bernina Activa 130

1 Answer

How do you oil a Bernina 170?


Remove needle, needleplate, presser foot and bobbin case. Now take a lint brush and clean under the feed dogs and hook area. take the bernina oiler(must be bernina oil only) now place a drop just below where the bobbin case clip on and one small drop under the feed dog area. replace items, sew out a test sample and away you go

Apr 25, 2010 | Bernina Artista 170

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Bobbin jaming up


Clean the bobbin area.

Thread the machine with the presser foot up - always,

Make sure the bobbin thread is feeding clockwise and through the guides on the bobbin case.

Lower the threaded needle down and back up while holding onto the thread end. This will pull the bobbin thread up. Hold onto both threads and pull under the presser foot and to the back of the sewing machine.

Hold on to the thread ends and lower the needle into the fabric, then press the foot pedal.

You may want to use a leader - a folded scrap of fabric that you sew to the edge of and then **** against the fabric you want to sew. Sew off the leader and onto the fabric and this will keep the thread from going down into the machine. You can have a few stitches between the two to make it easy to cut the leader away.

When you stop to adjust the fabric make sure the needle is down to anchor the fabric (turning corners, sewing a curve. etc).

The slightest movement of the fabric when the needle is up will sometimes cause a thread jam.

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