The most common problem found on FixYa
for Audio Video
My receiver say's "Protect" or turns on then off.
What's wrong? Seven times out of ten it is a shorted speaker or speaker wire. To
determine your exact problem, the first step is to disconnect all
speaker wires "at your receiver" Next: Turn the receiver back on. If
your receiver still says "protect" or turns off, it needs to be
serviced. If your receiver stays on; reconnect your speakers one at a time and power back
up after each speaker. You may find that after reconnecting all speaker
wires it works! Most commonly the small braids of wire from the + to the
- have touched and have caused the problem. In some instances, you
noticed the problem only when turning the volume up. either way, make
sure the exposed wires to your receiver are no longer than 1/2" long and
under the screw down terminal or slide in.
When you've found the wire or speaker with the problem, your receiver
will go back into "protect" At this point, disconnect the wire from the
speaker at the speaker that may be causing the problem then test again.*
Note* Make sure speaker wires do Not touch each other as this Will
cause a short! If you turn the receiver back on and it stays on, you now
know the problem is in your speaker itself. To test your speaker, you
will need a multimeter. Set it to ohms resistance and touch the speaker
terminals, if there is a short internally the meter will read "1......"
If it's an analog meter, it will peg to the right. There's your problem.
Now, within any speaker there are quite a few possibilities as to what
could be causing the problem. Most common is a blown coil and the
speaker needs to be replaced. Some speakers have
internal crossovers (usually floor standing speakers) and may have a
shorted or burnt board (usually very visible brown burn marks on the
board) and can possibly be repaired if your handy with a soldering iron.
Now, if you disconnect the speaker wire at the speaker and it still
says "protect" Check your wire for the obvious cut or nail thru
the wire if possible. If your system has wiring that runs
behind walls, you may need to use your meter again. Disconnect the wire
at both ends, keep the ends separated, put your meter on ohms resistance
and touch probes to the + and - wires at one side. If the meter pegs to
the right or reads "1...." the wire is shorted and needs to be replaced
or repaired at the short. Hope this helps.