The material won't advance. I believe it is the feed dogs. Can I fix this myself? The machine runs great, but the dogs will not come up high enough to pull the fabric. We have dismantled the machinge twice and connot figure out why the feed dogs do not grab the material. Please help!! :(
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Re: My fabric won't advance.
Hi Jodyk...Remove your flatbed so you can access your bobbin area. Open the cover of the bobbin area. The shiny/bright components consist of the Bobbin, which snaps into the Shuttle Hook, which is contained in the Race.
Immediately right of the Race is a pewter/matte silver colored lever. Press the lower portion of the lever to raise the Feed Dogs. Pressing the upper portion drops the Feed Dogs, and is commonly used to accomplish free-hand applique work......good luck my friend.
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Not knowing this exact model or your history with this specific machine, I'll just toss out the following info.
If feeder dogs are not stepping, none of the following applies to your problem. Otherwise;
I believe the 1425 does not have dog up/down selection, therefor it uses stitch length zero (or about) to keep the feeder dogs below the needle plate when embroidery/darning.
Assuming feed dogs are stepping (rotary reciprocation), adjust stitch length toward a longer setting. Eventually this should raise the height of the feed dog step to a point above the needle plate thereby feeding the fabric.
So if choosing a longer stitch length feeds fabric, either the feed dog height needs adjusted, or something else has caused feed dogs to be lower than normal (additional repairs).
Check that the stitch length is set high enough that the feed dogs will actually advance the fabric. Setting the stitch length too low will cause the machine to basically sew in place.
Also, check that the feed dogs have not been "dropped" to allow darning or free motion quilting. Dropping the feed dogs lowers them so they will not rise above the needleplate and will not grip nor move the fabric.
If your machine is mechanical (not computerized), it may need a good cleaning and oiling. If the old oil has solidified, it could be preventing the feed dogs from moving like they should.
Unable to locate much information about your make/model machine.
If your machine has the capability of dropping the feed dogs for darning or free motion quilting, check that the feed dogs are in the up position for sewing. Also, verify that the stitch length is set to at least #2. Any shorter stitch selection will cause the machine to advance the fabric so slightly that it will nearly sew in place.
Some machines also have a pressure adjustment for the presser foot. If the fabric you are sewing is very fine, the feed dogs may have difficulty gripping the fabric to advance it through the machine. You can add body to the fabric by including a stabilizer when sewing the fabric, ie a wash-away stabilizer.
under the foot around the needle, there should be two rows of what look like teeth, these pull the material through and there will be an adjustment mechanism on the machine. Try leaving the foot up while you run the machine, you should see the teeth going up and down; if they are it is most likely just a case of setting up the amount of pull. I think it is adjusted with the wheel that sets the length of stitch.
Tension generally does not affect the feed unless it is way too tight. Most reasons for fabric not advancing under the presser foot is that the feed dogs have been dropped for darning. If the feed dogs are operating properly, as the handwheel turns the feed dogs should rise above the plate, move toward the back of the machine pulling the fabric, drop down, come forward and rise again.
The other possibility is that the presser foot pressure has been released so the presser foot is not holding the fabric down on the feed dogs. Some machines have a spring-loaded knob on the top of the machine, a dial, or something to adjust the amount of pressure the foot applies. Consult your owner's manual.
The feed dog are probably dropped lower than the the throat plate. Most machines have a setting for darning that requires that the feed dog to be dropped below the sewing surface. There is a separate knob to change the feed dog from this lowered position so the feed dog, when the balance wheel is rotated will come up above the sewing surface to move the material. Another thing could be that the stitch length lever is set on "0". This is basically telling your machine not to advance any material through it and you will get a big knot instead
First do a process of elemination. Unthread the machine, both top and bottom, take out the needle. Place a piece of fabric under the pressure foot, lower the pressure, and depress the foot control. Does the fabric feed? If it does, then put in a NEW needle, thread up the machine, and see what happens. A dull needle won't prevent the fabric from feeding. If the fabric does not feed with no thread, then you have a pressure foot pressure problem, or a feed dog height problem, or a feed step motor problem, or possibly a board problem. If it only has a problem when you thread it up, then maybe you have a burr on the needle plate and the thread is hanging up on it and preventing the fabric from feeding. Check for all of these and if you still need assistance respond back.