Strings are very far away from the last frets on the neck...
My son has an epiphone "dr" acoustic guitar. loves it except for the space between the strings and last frets on neck (hard to press strings down on those frets). was told to sand down part of bridge to bring strings closer to neck....but we spotted an allen wrench nut just inside the sound hole that is just underneath where the neck connects to the body. what does this nut do? would adjusting the nut help solve our problem? nick fray
Re: strings are very far away from the last frets on the...
Sometimes the truss rod (nut you are referring to) will do the trick. The truss rod runs under the fingerboard and allows you to give the neck relief or tension. Some truss rods are dual action but I'm guessing yours is designed simply to give basic relief of the neck. I would make sure the truss rod is adjusted properly before sanding down the saddle. If you sight down the neck you should be able to see the relief in the neck - just use the string as your straight-edge. Most guitars need a slight amount of relief but higher-end guitars can be almost straight (better fretwork.) Once the neck has been adjusted correctly you can move forward with the setup.
Make sure the nut is also the proper height. If the nut is too low (1mm height between bottom of string and first fret) you should get it replaced by someone capable of doing such a thing. If the nut height is okay I would suggest moving forward cautiously by sanding the bottom of the saddle. Make sure this is done patiently and carefully as it can drastically change the sound and playability of the guitar. Hardly any material needs to be taken off to lower the action just a little. Error on the side of not-enough than too much. Make sure the bottom of the saddle remains flat! If the bottom isn't flat the guitar can sound horrible and if there is an undersaddle pickup it might not pick up evenly. The easiest way to do so is to tape some sandpaper rough side up on a flat surface (just don't pick something like mom's heirloom or something important in case it gets scratched.
If you'd like more detail check out http://www.fretnotguitarrepair.com/Repairs2.htm
Re: strings are very far away from the last frets on the...
I am trying to id my guitar body, it look like a Fender stratocaster and has no neck, in the neck pocket it has stamped F.P.S 1 MAY 2010 29541350 do you know what F.P.S stands for i have to try and track a neck down for this guitar hence i have no seriel number
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That depends on which way the neck is bent. Tighten if bowed away from the strings, loosen if bowed toward the strings. Go only a little at a time letting the neck settle as you go. If not familiar with the procedure you can cause damage to your guitar. I sugget taking it to the shop.
You should take teh guitar to a Luthier at a guitar repair facility. Either the frets are worn (visible) or possibly the truss rod needs adjusting. Both of these need a bit of proffessional attention. It sounds like your particular condition is probably the truss rod... also are you using the CORRECT tension strings for the instrument? Wrong or worn strings can be the problem!
Have you changed strings on it? Old strings get worn spots in them from rubbing on the frets that will cause these type of symptoms. If you put new strings on and get the same issue, check your neck relief (the amount of bow in the neck) to do this, hold your low E string at the first fret, and at the 12th or 14th fret. The neck should have a slight bow in the middle that puts it between 1/16" and 1/8" or so away from your string. If it does not have enough bow in it, you can adjust the truss rod. Most guitars use an allen wrench for this, it will be inside the soundhole on an acoustic usually, and on an electric it is normally on the headstock under a cover. There are many how-to's online about adjusting a truss rod, the key is to do it very slowly, only do about a 1/2 turn a day, retune, check it again the next day. Loosen the truss rod to put more neck relief, tighten to straighten the neck. If this still doesn't fix you up, let me know, and I'll tell you where to go from there.
Sounds like a warped neck, if the bridge isn't low what else would cause the strings to buzz.? With the gain problem perhaps the neck is twisted as
well as bowed. Epiphone are proving to be quite popular but they are built to a price and for beginners they are usually a good choice. Unfortunately some fakes of different guitars are sold on ebay and they often make better tennis rackets than a musical instrument. Unless you changed them the guitar usually has a cheaper Humbucker pickup. Check it's fitting anf make sure there are no loose parts or wiring sitting against the soundboard on the inside.
Try looking down the neck of the guitar and seeif you notice any warp or bend. Overtightening the strings can cause the opposite warp and the strings end up further from the frets. Also try some measuring. The distance between the any string and the fretboard starting at the nut and working down to the bottom of the fretboard. These measurements should be consistant
Also, check the nut to see if the grooves aren't too deep. This could cause buzzing by allowing less distance between the string and the first fret.
Make sure all the frets are seated correctly and not slightly out of kilter at one end.
That should give you enough to keep you busy for a while. There are plenty of reasoins why a string will buzz. I've covered a few mecanical ones but without sounding rude there are also player caused buzz. Depressing the string too far behind the fret can cause it whereas too close to the fret can kill the note. But that's not my field in this situation. Check all the above and then try your fingering. One way or the other that buzz will stop. The best way to check if it's you is to get someone else to try your guitar out and see if the buzz buzzes off :-)