I was sewing and all of a sudden the fabric stopped feeding. Then the machine stops and there is a huge knot under theneath. I cleaned out the thread and removed all the lint and the machine works. The proplem now is the feed dog will not rise and the jamming still occurs. Please help....
When this happens it is because the thread tension was not right so it gets stuck under the bobbin case and the feed dogs. Use a bigger lint brush and take out the bobbin casing and clean out the shuttle. When you rethread pull slightly on the thread before you feed it through the needle. This will make sure the thread is properly in the tension discs.
Took my machine to sears repair center. Its 2 yrs old. They made adjustments under the feed dog and charged me $60 and said it was not a warenty issue even though this happened the frist time I used this feature.
One major reason for the "birds nest" is turning the wheel away from you when raising or lowering the needle-the wheel should ALWAYS be turned toward you (counter clockwise). Additionally alway put your needle into the fabric to begin sewing and make sure the needle is all the way up when you end.
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Carefully cut any thread, turn the hand wheel gently to lift the needle up. Lift the presser foot up from the fabric, if the fabric is jammed in the feed dogs, and as the metal plate, take a screwdriver (some machines come with a special one). Unscrew the metal plate and use a seam ripper to carefully pull out the fabric or loosen them from the feed dogs.
Warning--leaving the presser foot up while sewing will not work because raising the presser foot releases the tension!!! You'll likely end up with a huge knot of thread to remove and possibly damaged fabric.
Fine fabrics present some issues for most machines but there are several things you can do to alleviate or even eliminate issues.
Be sure to use lightweight needles for knits (ball point). Use a good quality fine thread. Loosening the tension will help alleviate some of the puckering. In addition, using a wash-away stabilizer to add body to the fabric will help with puckering. (Even using paper under the fabric will be enough to remove puckering--however, it tends to dull the needle faster than usual--but a new needle is an inexpensive solution to an age-old problem. Also, using a roller foot, teflon foot, or walking foot may be beneficial in feeding the fabric. Some people will starch the fabric to add body.
on the front of the machine there is a lever/knob that sets the stitch size
if it is in the middle position ,the teeth will just go up and down and not back and forward
check that setting
it is used to seal of the threads when starting to sew and when finishing
start the sew for about 1/2" then reverse the feed then go forward again to complete the sewing
at the end of the sew do the same thing again before cutting the threads
this locks the threads as a knot so that the seam will not come undone
could you maybe while changing a bobbin or somehow , hit the Darning button its right next to the Bobbin release , a machine in darning mode wont advance the fabric and the traction feet go down to level with the platen (sign that it's in darning mode)
Look at the feed dogs (the serrated metal strips on either side of the hole the needle goes down thru). If they aren't moving when you turn the handwheel or not protruding above the sewing surface (needle plate) then 1 of 2 things has likely occurred.
#1 - your machine is equipped with at feed-dog drop selector (drops the dogs down for free-motion sewing) that you have activated (intentionally or not) or
#2 - you have enough lint debris accumlated under the sewing surface to stop the dogs from coming up properly or move all together.
Have the machine professionally serviced. A good servicing will resolve 60% of the problems that sewing machines incur. You should have the machine serviced at least every 100 hrs of sewing, more often if you use cheap thead, cheap fabric or metallic threads. All of these leave a lot of debris inside the machine.
It is your top threading, totally rethread, then with presser foot up, pull on top thread, it should feed smoothly, now put the presser foot down, pull thread, it should barely move. This should seat the thread in the tension discs.
I have an Elna 2005 machine and had a similar but opposite problem whereby the tension up top was too tight - thread wouldn't pull smoothly. I found adjusting the feed dog lever slightly helped the stitches a lot, even though the needle tension up top is no better. Hope that helps! :-s