Tip & How-To about Refrigerators
Many people have had problems with their refrigerator compressors not starting and wonder what may be the problem. Many times the problem can be traced to the start components. The start relay and the start capacitor work together to help the compressor get started. By giving it a short extra shot of higher voltage current, it gives the compressor the kick to get it turning up to speed.
The capacitor is the long round tube on the top of the box that houses the compressor terminals and the start relay.
The start relay is pushed right onto the compressor terminals C and R. It also has two wires that go up to the start capacitor.
The relay can be removed by just pulling out on it away from the compressor off of the pins.
If your refrigerator compressor is not starting, you can change the start components easily, to see if they are the problem. Usually you will have about a 50-50 chance of the compressor working again by changing these parts.
If you are looking for the configuration of the compressor terminals, here is a picture of the terminal cover that shows which terminals are where.
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