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Types of TV Boards
Every TV uses a collection of various boards to perform every function imaginable in a television. The boards work together to produce sound and images on a television screen. When certain mechanisms in a TV fail, it might be time to start testing different boards to see if they are functioning properly.
The main board
is the central hub of a television circuit system. The easiest way to identify a main board is to find the board with the various video and audio inputs/outputs. Generally speaking, main boards also contain a tuner, HDMI, USB, and S-video port. Main boards are one of the largest boards in a television. Main boards might also be referred to as a motherboard, main module, or an A/V board.
Power Supply Board
Another large and important board inside a television is the power supply board
.. Usually found in the center of the TV, the power supply board has several connectors that supply power to the other circuit boards. It can contain transformers, large capacitors, and integrated circuits. There is usually a table on the power supply board indicating the different voltages it produces in addition to the signal names.
Found on LCD TVs, inverter boards
are used to mount the LCD backlight. These are smaller boards, usually shaped like long thin rods. If an LCD TV's screen is dark, distorted, or difficult to see, it can be the result of a defective inverter board. Inverter boards fail when inadequate power is not allowing current to pass through the backlight bulb.
Timing Control Board / Logic Board
The timing control board, known as the T - CON board
,, is typically only found on LCD and LED TVs. Plasma TVS, on the other hand, use a logic board
.. The functions of the logic and T-CON board are similar, as each functions to digitize the information it receives from the TV's processor. This allows the screen to display images on the pixel level. When the T-CON or logic board fails, the screen images may become distorted, leading to pixelation and the appearance of lines on a television. On a logic board, there are slotted connectors on all four sides, while T-CON boards have connectors on just two sides.
X-Sustain and Y-Sustain Boards
Also known as the X-SUS and the Y-SUS, the x-sustain and y-sustain boards only appear in plasma screen TVs. The x - sustain board
might also be called the Z-SUS. These boards function similarly, producing proper screen images. Although they serve pretty much the same function, the two boards work independently of each other. The x-sustain board activates all the display lines at once, while the y - sustain board
addresses all the individual lines of display. When one board breaks down, it probably will not affect the functionality of the other. However, it might be a good idea to have both replaced because X-SUS and Y-SUS boards have a relatively short life span anyway. A failure of one could mean an impending failure of the other.
B uffer boards
are also only found in plasma screen TVs. Connected to the y-sustain board, a buffer board works to turn output to the plasma display. Common defects of buffer boards include the burning and shorting of power lines.
TV Boards Buying Guide