20 Most Recent
Questions & Answers
top thread is not tensioned enough
on Oct 13, 2017
Please apply the below recommendation to solve the problem of your machine that loop up
When customers bring their sewing machine in for repair at my shop, a
frequent complaint I hear is the thread bunches under the fabric. This
usually then leads to a jam of some sorts and the customer fiddling
with the tensions and oiling everything in sight. The finished result
is a machine that is jammed, tensions out of whack and a slippery
Thread bunching can be a symptom of a few ills your sewing machine may
have. Some ills are easily rectified and some others I would recommend
you take the machine to your nearest sewing repair shop.
Usually, thread bunching under the fabric is a symptom of something
wrong above the fabric. There is an inverse relationship between fabric
and thread (top of fabric is bottom thread, bottom of fabric is top
thread). Most people think thread bunching on the bottom is the
bobbin/bottom thread. This is incorrect. We must look for problems
starting at the needle and upwards.
Follow the checklist and instruction below to repair the thread
bunching issue. If by the end of the steps the problem is not fixed you
should bring it to a sewing repair shop.
THREAD MACHINE - This first and easiest thing to do is to re-thread the
entire machine. Pay special attention to the take-up lever and the
Always have the presser foot in the UP position when threading the
machine. This opens the tension disc to allow the thread to nestle
inside the assembly.
Make sure the thread passes through the take up lever
Make sure you inserted the thread in every thread guide
NEEDLE - I always recommend a sharp needle. You may not notice any
slight bends, burrs or dullness in the needle which would throw off the
timing and the stitch quality.
SPOOL CAP - If you have a horizontal spool pin a spool cap is very
important. Its also very important the spool cap covers the end of the
spool of thread but make sure its not too big or it will throw off the
TOP TENSION DIAL - The setting should be between 3 and 5 on most machines.
Make sure thread is in-between the tension discs. On some machines you
can visually see the discs. On newer machines it is hidden.
The best way to know if you threaded the tension assembly correctly is
to put the presser foot in the DOWN position. Now take the thread from
the right of the tension assembly and pull. Is there tension on the
thread or does it pull out very easily? If it pulls out easily you
threaded it incorrectly. Try it again -- see step one.
FEED DOGS - Be sure the feed dogs are moving and feeding the fabric
evenly. Turn the hand-wheel towards you a few times. Can you see the
feed dogs moving up and down? Feed dogs are located on the needle plate.
If the feed dogs are not moving
Some machines have a lever to engage and disengage the feed dogs; make sure they are engaged.
If they still are not moving then you may a broken gear.
Now you can test your sewing machine. Set the machine to the widest
zig-zag and the longest stitch length. Put a test cloth (one fold in
the fabric) under the presser foot and give a go for about 20 or 30
stitches. Did it jam? Is there bunching? I hope not!
Now check the stitch quality. Look at the stitches on the test cloth.
Is the thread knot visible on either side of the fabric? The knot
should be invisible. This means the knot is nestled between the layers
of the fabric and you cannot see it. This is a good indicator of a good
If you can see the knot, then your tensions are out of balance and they
need to be adjusted. All sewing machines have a top tension and a
bottom tension. Both tensions must be in balance to have a good stitch
quality. It takes quite a bit of experience to balance tensions
correctly. I do not recommend doing it yourself.
If you have any questions please feel free to leave me a comment.
Good luck and thanks for using fixya.
on Jul 24, 2016
are you sure you followed all steps? Make sure you followed the
threading diagram correctly. You must pull your thread through a hole in the bobbin,threading from the inside of the bobbin to the out side .hold the thread on the outside of the bobbin and wrap thread around the bobbin shank twice. Hold the thread in place and find the groove on the bobbins' outside then match that to the "wire" on the spindle of the winder. You will then disconnect the drive by turning the small knob inside the hand wheel. Next ,you will push the bobbin spindle against the small wheel to create traction to turn and fill the bobbin. My guess is that either the bobbin was not in place or you forgot to push the winder against the traction area. Happy sewing.
on Mar 23, 2015
if it fits, doesn't bind or hit anywhere and looks about the same, why not give it a try. I found a lot of parts are shared from one brand to another mainly because they are manufactured by an outside source and supplied to many. There are also "aftermarket manufacturers" that may offer replacement parts under the original part number. These "after marketers" are usually the original manufacturers that originally made it. Try EBAY if you have a part #.
on Jul 10, 2014
try these sites for the cams
on Jun 26, 2014
You will have to get to the pulley on the motor to slacken it off to make the belt loose to pop it off
on Oct 05, 2013
all machines thread the same. TTN tension, take up,
Beginning with the spool, guide the
thread through the thread guides to the tension assembly. Pull the thread
through the tension assembly and test it to make sure the tension is working
(To do this test, adjust your tension setting to normal or medium or 5 or
something in the middle. Raise the presser foot and pull the thread through the
tension. It should pull easily!! Lower the presser foot and pull the thread. It
should pull noticeably harder.) If it passes this test, continue up through the
take up lever,then down through the thread guides to the needle. Make sure your
needle is fully inserted and turned the correct way.( If you load your bobbin
case from the left side,the needle rule is normally FLAT to the RIGHT is RIGHT.
There are some exceptions. If you have a newer style drop in bobbin or your
bobbin case loads in the front then the rule is FLAT to the BACK.
on May 27, 2013
Have you adjusted the pressure of the presser foot yet? If you don't have enought pressure... it won't feed properly. Here's a manual for you.... read through it carefully.http://www.singerco.com/uploads/download/1070_white-1409-new-x.pdf
on Dec 30, 2012
Look at singerco .com and under support look at manuals. Enter "W1409" If singer has it it should pop up as a purchase or a download. Good luck.
on Sep 24, 2012
Not finding what you are looking for?