What engine ? 3.8 or 5.3 L
DTC P0128: Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Below Thermostat Regulations Temperature
DTC P0411 : Secondary Air Injection (AIR) System Incorrect Air Flow Detected
DTC P2440 : Secondary Air Injection (AIR) Valve Stuck Open
DTC P2431 : Secondary Air Injection (AIR) System Pressure Sensor Performance
The secondary air injection (AIR) system aids in the reduction of hydrocarbon emissions during a cold start. The system forces fresh filtered air into the exhaust stream in order to accelerate the catalyst operation. An electric air pump, the secondary AIR injection pump, provides filtered air on demand to the AIR control solenoid valve/pressure sensor assembly. The AIR control solenoid valve/pressure sensor assembly controls the flow of air from the AIR pump to the exhaust manifold. The AIR solenoid valve relay supplies the current needed to operate the AIR solenoid valve/pressure sensor assembly. A pressure sensor is used to monitor the air flow from the AIR pump. The powertrain control module (PCM) supplies the internal pressure sensor with a 5-volt reference, an electrical ground, and a signal circuit.
The AIR diagnostic uses 3 phases to test the AIR system:
DTCs P0411 and P2430 run during Phase 1
DTCs P2430 and P2440 run during Phase 2
DTC P2444 runs during Phase 3
During phase 1, both the AIR pump and the solenoid valve are activated. Normal secondary air function occurs. Expected system pressure is 8-10 kPa above BARO.
During phase 2, only the AIR pump is activated. The solenoid valve is closed. Pressure sensor performance and solenoid valve deactivation are tested. Expected system pressure is 15-20 kPa above BARO.
During phase 3, neither the AIR pump nor the solenoid valve is activated. AIR pump deactivation is tested. Expected system pressure equals BARO.
In all 3 phases, testing is accomplished by comparing the measured pressure against the expected pressure. The PCM can detect faults in the AIR pump, AIR solenoid valve/pressure sensor assembly, and the exhaust check valve. The pressure sensor can also detect leaks and restrictions in the secondary AIR system plumbing.
Chevrolet Malibu P2432 Secondary Air Injection System