Question about 1999 Chevrolet S-10 Pickup
I have a 1999 Chevy S10 2.2L 4Cyl extreme.. I can not find or locate the EGR Valve any where,I am pretty sure it does not have one but wanted to confirm with some other fellow fixians if any one knows for sure.. I even tried autozone and didn't come up with anything the truck is running rich and will only not pass the 15mph NOx test for smog.. I need the truck to pass the test I've tried all the basics already..? Any Suggestions.. Thanks to you all.
Doesn't have EGR valve . How many miles on the truck ?
What Causes High NO (NOx)? Nitrogen Oxide or NO is created when an engine's combustion chamber temperature reaches over 2500F. Vehicle manufacturers have designed several systems, which when working properly, lower nitric oxide emissions. Below are common failures which may cause your car, truck, van, suv, or motorhome to produce high high nitric oxide. 1. Lean Fuel Mixture - Lean fuel mixtures cause high NOx. A lean fuel mixture exists when less fuel then required is delivered to the combustion chambers or when more air then necessary is added to the fuel. In either case the lack of gasoline needed to cool the combustion chambers down is not present. Combustion temperatures increase causing high nitric oxide emissions. A lean fuel condition may be due to a vacuum leak/s and/or defective fuel control components, such as the Air Flow Meter, Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor, and O2 sensors. Read about Oxygen Sensor.
2. Defective EGR System- The Exhaust Gas Recirculation system is designed to reduce NO. The EGR system consists of an EGR valve, EGR pressure sensor, vacuum hoses, and one or more vacuum switching valves or solenoids. Later model vehicles may be equipped with electronically controlled EGR valves, which do not require vacuum lines or switching solenoids. Electronic EGR systems will have these components built in.
The EGR system's job is to re-route a small amount of exhaust gas back into the intake manifold to help reduce combustion chamber temperatures. As mentioned above NOx is created when combustion chamber temperatures reach above 2500F. By recirculating exhaust gas back into the intake, a small amount of the air/fuel mixture is replaced with inert gas, reducing combustion temperatures. Read about EGR System.
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3. Defective Catalytic Converter (CAT) Some vehicle manufactures have designed their cars to operate without EGR valves. Non-EGR equipped vehicles rely heavily on the Catalytic Converter to assist in the reduction of NO. These vehicles have tendencies to develop CAT problems sooner then those which are equipped. If you own a non-EGR equipped vehicle, and have failed the emissions test for high NOx, pay close attention to the Catalytic Converter. Read about Catalytic Converter
4. High Engine Mileage - Over an engine's lifetime, carbon build-up develops in the engine's combustion chambers. The more miles on your engine, the more carbon build-up on the pistons, cylinder heads and valves. Carbon build-up decreases the available space for the air/fuel mixture to combust, and causes higher cylinder compression. High compression results in high temperatures and high NOx. Keep in mind this problem is usually seen in vehicles with over 150,000 miles which have been poorly maintained. The solution to this problem is called De-Carbonizing. It usually costs around two labor hours at a smog check repair station. It will remove a good amount of carbon out of an engine. This will increase combustion space, lower compression and lower NOx.
5. Engine Overheating - Inadequate engine cooling can will high NOx. If your vehicle's cooling system is not working efficiently, (i.e. bad radiator, thermostat, hoses) high NOx will be created. Remember high NOx nitric oxide is created when an engine's combustion chamber temperatures reach over 2500F. You will want to make sure your vehicle's cooling system is working properly, and your vehicle's temperature gauge is always indicating normal.
Posted on Feb 24, 2018
I thought this was the erg valve? Jeff if I'm wrong, I certainly apologize to you an Ian. My database did show egr wiring diagram? Of course these databases are not always correct. Does the picture look familiar?
Posted on Feb 24, 2018
nox is from running lean..... its realy high temps that cause this.......... replace the o2 sensors this should cure that any more help let me know
Posted on Oct 24, 2008
SOURCE: egr valve on a 99 saturn sl
Take it off and look at it internally, See if you can move the diaphragm if not then it needs replacement. But you should just go ahead and replace it anyways since it is a 99 it would just be worth it
Posted on Feb 11, 2009
the egr system consists of control circuits as well as the egr valve itself. troubleshooting will have to be performed in order to pinpoint the fault. the valve may just need cleaning. there may be damage in the long run since the egr system introduces exhaust gas to the air intake to reduce combustion temperatures.
Posted on Apr 21, 2010
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