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How to install timing chain with timing marks both crankshaft and camshaft

Twin cam 16 valve

Posted by Hellen Hitu on

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L Pfaff

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Hellen, For the second time, Re POST year, make, model, engine size and complete question so we, here at fixya can answer your question effectively.
"I hope this helped you out, if so let me know by pressing the helpful button. Check out some of my other posts if you need more tips and info."
Still pulling hair Twin Cam timing marks How accurate Engine Exhaust...
16v fast tbelt swap
Twin cam 16 valve timing marks Google Search

Posted on Aug 11, 2016

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How do I put a water pump on 2.4 grand am


There are a lot of steps, and you need to take your time. You will need access to a lift or jack stand, and make sure you keep the work area clean and organised, taking photos of the timing system will make your life easier when it comes to re-timing the engine.

Water Pump Replacement (2.4L)
Removal Procedure
  1. Drain the coolant. Recover the coolant. Refer to Cooling System Draining and Filling.
  2. Remove the exhaust manifold. Refer to Exhaust Manifold Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  3. Remove the coolant intake pipe. Refer to Engine Coolant Inlet Pipe Replacement in Engine Cooling.
  4. Lower the vehicle.
  5. Disconnect the heater hose quick connect from the heater outlet pipe.
  6. Remove the timing chain and tensioner. Refer to Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement in Engine Mechanical - 2.4L. (see below procedure)
  7. Remove the water pump cover-to-cylinder block bolts.
  8. Remove water pump pipe to cylinder block bolt.
  9. Remove the 3?water pump-to-timing chain housing nuts.
  10. Remove the water pump and cover assembly.
  11. Remove the water pump cover-to-coolant pump assembly bolts.
  12. Clean all sealing surfaces.
Installation Procedure
    Important: Before you install the coolant pump, read the entire procedure. Follow the tightening sequences in order to avoid part damage and to provide proper sealing.

  1. Install the pump cover bolts. Hand tighten the bolts.
  2. Install water pump cover assembly.
  3. Install the cover-to-block bolts. Hand tighten the bolts.
  4. Install the coolant pump-to-timing chain housing nuts. Hand tighten the nuts.
  5. Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in Cautions and Notices.
  6. Torque in sequence as follows:
    1. Tighten the water pump-to-timing chain housing nuts.
      Tighten
      Tighten water pump to timing chain housing nuts to 26?Y (19?lb?ft).
    2. Tighten the pump cover-to-pump assembly bolts.
      Tighten
      Tighten the water pump cove to water pump bolts to 14?Y (124?lb?in).
    3. Tighten the coolant pump cover-to-engine block bolts. Tighten the bottom bolt first.
      Tighten
      Tighten water pump to engine block bolts to 26?Y (19?lb?ft).
  7. Install heater hose to pipe on water pump.
  8. Install the exhaust manifold and install new gaskets. Refer to Exhaust Manifold Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  9. Install oil level indicator tube and indicator. Refer to Oil Level Indicator Tube Replacement in Engine Mechanical-2.4L.
  10. Connect the brake vacuum pipe to the cam housing.
  11. Raise the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  12. Install catalytic converter to to manifold. Refer to Catalytic Converter Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  13. Install the coolant inlet pipe. Refer to Engine Coolant Inlet Pipe Replacement.
  14. Install the timing chain and tensioner. Refer to Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement in Engine Mechanical - 2.4L.
  15. Lower the vehicle.
  16. Connect the oxygen sensor connector.
  17. Fill cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining and Filling in Engine Cooling.
  18. Inspect the system for leaks.
Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement
Removal Procedure
    Caution: Refer to Battery Disconnect Caution in Cautions and Notices.
    Notice: The timing chain on the LD9 (VIN T) Twin Cam Engine is not to be replaced with the timing chain from any other model year. The timing sprockets are different on the Twin Cam engine and the shape of the links matches the sprockets. Engine damage may result if the wrong timing chain is used. The timing chain and the crankshaft sprocket must be marked so that they are reinstalled in the same side facing out at the time of reassembly.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
  3. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise (as viewed from the front of the engine, normal rotation) until the camshaft sprocket timing dowel pin holes align with the holes in the timing chain housing.
  4. Set the crankshaft sprocket keyway pointing upwards. Align with the centerline of the cylinder bores. This is the timed position.
  5. Remove the timing chain guides.
  6. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  7. Ensure that all of the slack in the timing chain is above the tensioner assembly.
  8. Remove the timing chain tensioner bolts and the tensioner.
  9. Remove the tensioner shoe. Use a small locking ring plier in order to engage the hole in the locking tab and remove the shoe from the stud.
  10. Notice: Do not attempt to pry the sprocket off the camshaft or damage to the sprocket or chain housing could occur.
    Important: Mark the timing chain and the crankshaft sprocket prior to removal. If the chain or the crankshaft sprocket is installed with the wear pattern in the opposite direction, noise and increased wear may occur.
  11. Mark the crankshaft sprocket and the timing chain outer surface.
  12. Remove the timing chain.
  13. Lower the vehicle.
  14. Holding the intake camshaft sprocket with J 39579, remove the sprocket bolt and washer.
  15. Remove the washer from the bolt and rethread the bolt back into the camshaft.
  16. Using a 3-jaw puller and the relief holes in the sprocket, remove the intake camshaft sprocket.
  17. Repeat this procedure for the exhaust camshaft sprocket.
  18. Clean the old sealant from the bolt with a wire brush.
  19. Clean the threaded hole in the camshaft with a round nylon bristle brush.
  20. Inspect the parts for wear. Replace the parts as necessary.Some scoring of the timing chain shoe and the guides is normal.
  21. Replace the timing chain shoe or guides if the scoring exceeds 1.12?mm (45?in).
Installation Procedure


  1. Use Adhesive/Sealant Compound GM?P/N?12345493 or equivalent on the camshaft sprocket bolt. Install the intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets onto the camshafts with the marked surface showing.Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in Cautions and Notices.
  2. Install the retaining bolts and washers to the intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets.
  3. Tighten
    Tighten the bolts to 70?Y (52?lb?ft) while holding the sprockets with the J 39579.
  4. Install the J 36800 through the holes in the camshaft sprockets into the holes in the timing chain housing. This will position the camshaft for correct timing.
  5. If the camshafts are out of position (you must rotate the camshaft more than 1/8?turn in order to install the alignment dowel pins), use the following procedure:
    1. Rotate the crankshaft 90?degrees clockwise off of the TDC in order to give the valves adequate clearance to open.
    2. Once the camshafts are in position and the dowels installed, rotate the crankshaft counter clockwise back to the top dead center.

  6. Notice: Do not rotate the crankshaft clockwise to TDC. Valve or piston damage could occur.
    Important: The side of the timing chain that was marked during removal must be showing when the chain is installed.
  7. Install the timing chain over the exhaust camshaft sprocket, around the coolant pump, and around the crankshaft sprocket.
    1. Remove the alignment dowel pin from the intake camshaft.
    2. Using the J 39579, rotate the intake camshaft sprocket counterclockwise enough in order to slide the timing chain over the intake camshaft sprocket.
    3. Release the J 39579. The length of the chain between the 2?camshaft sprockets will tighten.
    4. If properly timed the intake camshaft alignment dowel pin should slide in easily. If the dowel pin does not fully index, the camshafts are not timed correctly and the procedure must be repeated.
  8. Leave the alignment dowel pins installed.
  9. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  10. The timing marks on the crankshaft and on the cylinder block should be aligned when the slack is removed from the chain linking the intake camshaft sprocket and the crankshaft sprocket. If the marks are not aligned, move the chain one tooth forward or rearward, remove the slack and re-examine the marks.

  11. Important: Use the following steps in order to reset the timing chain tensioner assembly to the zero position.
  12. Reset the timing chain tensioner assembly.
    1. Insert the tensioner plunger assembly into the tensioner housing.
    2. With the tensioner plunger fully extended, turn the complete assembly upside down on a bench or other flat surface.
    3. With the plunger face against the workbench, press firmly on the bottom of the tensioner housing.
    4. Compress the plunger until the plunger is seated flush in the tensioner.

  13. Check the plunger to make sure the plunger is out of the cylinder at the correct dimension. The correct dimension for the plunger to extend out of the cylinder is 1.7?mm (0.07?in) maximum.

  14. Loosely install the tensioner assembly and bolts to the timing chain housing.
  15. Install the timing chain tensioner shoe on the stud.
  16. Apply hand pressure to the timing chain tensioner shoe until the locking tab seats in the groove in the stud.
  17. Tighten the timing chain tensioner bolts. Do Not overtighten.
    Tighten
    Tighten the bolts to 10?Y (89?lb?in).


  18. Important: If the timing chain tensioner is not released from the installation position, engine damage will occur when the engine is started.
  19. Release the timing chain tensioner plunger.
    1. Using a flat blade screwdriver, cotter pin remover, or similar tool, press firmly against the face of the timing chain tensioner plunger.
    2. Important: If the timing chain tensioner cannot be depressed, the plunger is not properly reset and the procedure for resetting the timing chain tensioner should be repeated.
    3. Depress the timing chain tensioner plunger until the plunger is bottomed out in the bore of the timing chain tensioner.
    4. Release the tensioner plunger. the plunger should press firmly against the back of the timing chain tensioner shoe.
  20. Remove J 36800 from the camshaft sprockets.
  21. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise 2?full rotations. Align the crankshaft keyway with the mark on the cylinder block, and reinstall the alignment dowel pins. The pins should slide in easily if the engine is timed correctly.

  22. Install the timing chain guides.
  23. Install the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
  24. Connect the negative battery cable.
    Tighten
    Tighten the bolt to 16?Y (12?lb?ft).

Jul 02, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Valve timing is off on L 16 motor


the cam belt or timing belt or chain is not in sync with crankshaft, there should be timing mark(s) on camshaft and crankshaft , line these up then redo your valve clearances in turn.

Aug 30, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

How do i set camshafts on 1999 duvil northstar


Remove camshaft covrs
Remove front cover
Remove or fully retract all three timing chain tensioners
Remove oil pump
Primary and secondary chain guides should remain in place. Rotate crankshaft until sprocket drive key is at about 1 o'clock position.
Set crankshaft and intermediate shaft sprockets into primary drive chain with their timing marks asjacent to each other.
Install crankshaft and intermediate sprockets over their respective shafts. Rotating crankshaft as necessary to engage crankshaft key in sprocket without changing the timing mark relationship.
Install Flywheel Holder Tool (J-39411) to lock crankshaft in position. Install intermediate shaft sprocket retaining bolt and torque to specifications.
Route secondary chain for left cylinder head over inner row of intermediate shaft teeth.
Route secondary drive chain over chain guide, and install exhaust cam sprocket to chain so camshaft drive pin engages the sprocket notch marked "LE" (Left Exhaust).
There dhould be no slack in the lower section of the chain, and the camshaft drive pin must be perpendicular (90 degrees) to the cylinder head surface.
Install the intake camshaft sprocket into the chain so the sprocket notch marked "LI" (Left Intake) engages camshaft drive pin, while drive pin remains perpendicular to the head face. Minor adjustments can be made to camshaft position to get pin to engage by using a wrench on the hex cast into the camshaft.
Install sprocket retainer bolts and torque to specification.
Repet steps as above to install the right secondary chain to the right camshafts. The right camshaft sprockets are marked "RE" and "RI". In addition, the RE sprocket must contain the camshaft position sensor pickup.

May 27, 2012 | 2000 Cadillac DeVille

2 Answers

Need timing gear marks for 2004 Kia Sadona 3.5L engine



Removal & Installation

3.5L Engine

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
  2. Record the radio anti theft code data.
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable Engine cover Accessory drive belts Idler pulley Crankshaft pulley Power steering pump pulley Belt tensioner pulley Upper and lower timing belt covers
  4. Support the engine with a floor jack and remove the engine mount.
  5. Rotate the engine to align the camshaft sprocket timing marks with the cylinder head cover timing marks.

    0996b43f8022cb71.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Timing belt routing and timing marks-3.5L Engine

  6. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Auto tensioner Timing belt

    0996b43f8022cb72.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Timing belt and related components-3.5L Engine


To install:
  1. Ensure that the engine is set to Top Dead Center (TDC).
  2. Prepare the auto tensioner for installation by compressing it in a vise and installing a retaining pin.
  3. Install the timing belt in the following order:
    1. Crankshaft sprocket
    2. Idler pulley
    3. Left bank exhaust camshaft sprocket
    4. Left bank intake camshaft sprocket
    5. Water pump pulley
    6. Right bank intake camshaft sprocket
    7. Right bank exhaust camshaft sprocket
    8. Tensioner pulley

  4. Install the auto tensioner. Do not remove the retaining pin at this time.
  5. Check that the crankshaft and camshaft timing marks are aligned correctly.
  6. Rotate the crankshaft 1 / 4 turn Counterclockwise .
  7. Rotate the crankshaft 1 / 4 turn Clockwise to return the engine to TDC.
  8. Loosen the tensioner pulley center bolt.
  9. Apply 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm) torque to the tensioner pulley as shown and tighten the center bolt to 32-41 ft. lbs. (43-55 Nm).

    0996b43f8022cb73.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Adjusting the tensioner pulley-3.5L Engine

  10. Remove the auto tensioner retaining pin.
  11. Rotate the crankshaft 2 revolutions Clockwise , then wait 5 minutes for the auto tensioner to adjust.
  12. Measure the auto tensioner rod as shown. If the measurement is not 3.8-4.5 mm, then repeat the belt tensioning procedure.

    0996b43f8022cb74.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Measuring the auto tensioner rod-3.5L Engine

  13. When the auto tensioner measurement is correct, install or connect the following:

    Engine mount Upper and lower timing belt covers Belt tensioner pulley Power steering pump pulley Crankshaft pulley Idler pulley Accessory drive belts Engine cover Negative battery cable
  14. Reprogram the radio anti theft codes.

    Kia_Sedona_2002-2006
    Timing Chain, Sprockets, Front Cover & Seal

    Print


    Removal & Installation

    3.8L Engine

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
    2. Record the radio anti theft code data.
    3. Remove the engine from the vehicle.
    4. Remove the drive belt. Remove the power steering pump. Remove the air conditioning compressor.
    5. Remove the alternator. Remove the drive belt idler. Remove the drive belt tensioner. Remove the water pump pulley. Remove the intake manifold.
    6. Remove the connector bracket from the left cylinder head cover. Disconnect the right ignition coil connector, condenser connector and remove the bracket.
    7. Remove the left cylinder head cover retaining bolts. Remove the cylinder head cover from the engine.
    8. Remove the right cylinder head cover retaining bolts. Remove the cylinder head cover from the engine.
    9. Set the No. 1 cylinder to TDC on the compression stroke. Turn the crankshaft pulley and align its groove with the timing mark T of the lower timing chain cover.
    10. Check that the mark of the camshaft timing sprockets are in straight line positioning on the cylinder head surface. If not rotate the crankshaft 360 degrees. Do not rotate the engine counterclockwise.
    11. Remove the oil pan. Remove the crankshaft damper pulley. Remove the timing chain cover.
      NOTE Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder block, cylinder head and timing chain cover. Before removing the timing chain, mark the right and left timing chains with an identification mark based on the location of the sprocket because the identification mark on the chain for TDC can be erased.
    12. After compressing the timing chain tensioner, install a set pin. Remove the right cam to cam guide. Remove the right timing chain auto tensioner and timing chain tensioner arm.
    13. Remove the oil pump chain cover. Remove the oil pump chain tensioner assembly. Remove the oil pump chain guide. Remove the right timing chain.
    14. Remove the right timing chain guide. Remove the oil pump chain sprocket and oil pump chain. Remove the crankshaft sprocket, oil pump and camshaft drive gear.
    15. Remove the left cam to cam guide. Remove the left timing chain auto tensioner and timing chain tensioner arm. Remove the left timing chain.
    16. Remove the left timing chain guide. Remove the crankshaft sprocket and left camshaft drive. Remove the tensioner adapter assembly.

      0996b43f8020193b.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing chain and related components-3.8L Engine


    To install:
    1. Check the camshaft and crankshaft sprockets for wear and damage, replace as required.
    2. Inspect the tensioner arm and chain guide for wear and damage, replace as required.
    3. Check that the tensioner pin moves smoothly when the ratchet pawl is released with a thin rod.
    4. The key of the crankshaft should be aligned with the timing mark of the timing chain cover. This indicates that the piston is at TDC on the compression stroke.
    5. Install the tensioner adapter assembly. Install the crankshaft sprocket and left camshaft drive.
    6. Install the left timing chain guide and torque the retaining bolts 14-18 ft. lbs.
    7. Install the left timing chain. Be sure to install the chain with no slack between the camshaft and the crankshaft (crankshaft sprocket, timing chain guide, exhaust camshaft sprocket, intake camshaft sprocket). The timing mark of each sprocket should be matched with the timing mark (color ink) of the timing chain at installation of the timing chain.

      0996b43f80201924.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Left timing chain markings and installation: (D) exhaust camshaft sprocket (C) intake camshaft sprocket-3.8L Engine

    8. Install the left timing chain tensioner arm and torque the retaining bolts 14-16 ft. lbs.
    9. Install the left timing chain tensioner and torque the retaining bolts 7-9 ft. lbs.
    10. Install the left cam to cam guide and torque the retaining bolts 7-9 ft. lbs.
    11. Install the crankshaft sprocket, oil pump and right camshaft drive.
    12. Install the oil pump chain and oil pump sprocket. Torque the retaining bolt to 14-16 ft. lbs.
    13. Install the right timing chain guide. Torque the retaining bolts to 14-18 ft. lbs.
    14. Install the right timing chain. Be sure to install the chain with no slack between the camshaft and the crankshaft (crankshaft sprocket, intake camshaft sprocket, exhaust camshaft sprocket). The timing mark of each sprocket should be matched with the timing mark (color ink) of the timing chain at installation of the timing chain.

      0996b43f80201925.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Right timing chain markings and installation: (C) exhaust camshaft sprocket (B) intake camshaft sprocket-3.8L Engine

    15. Install the right timing chain tensioner arm. Torque the retaining bolts to 14-17 ft. lbs.
    16. Install the right timing chain auto tensioner. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    17. Install the right cam to cam guide and torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    18. Install the oil pump chain guide. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    19. Install the oil pump tensioner assembly. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    20. Pull out the pins on both the left and right hydraulic tensioners. Install the oil pump chain cover.
    21. Rotate the crankshaft two revolutions in the clockwise direction. Confirm the timing mark. Be sure to rotate the crankshaft in the clockwise direction.
    22. Apply sealant on the chain cover and on the cylinder head, cylinder block, and lower oil pan. Be sure these parts are free of engine oil and dirt.
      NOTE Before assembling the timing chain cover, the liquid sealant TB1217H should be applied on the gap between the cylinder head and block. The part must be assembled with five minutes after the sealant is applied.


      0996b43f80201926.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Sealant application (1 inch bead width)-3.8L Engine

    23. Apply sealant on the chain cover.
      NOTE The liquid sealant TB1217H should be applied on the gap between the cylinder head and block. The part must be assembled with five minutes after the sealant is applied.


      0996b43f80201927.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover sealant application-3.8L Engine

    24. Install a new gasket to the timing case cover.
      NOTE It is important that the dowel pins on the cylinder block and holes on the timing chain cover should be used as a reference in order to assemble the timing chain cover in the correct position.


      0996b43f80201928.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover gasket installation (A) gaskets-3.8L Engine

    25. Install the timing chain cover. Torque the retaining bolts in the proper sequence and to specification. The engine should not be started for at least thirty minutes after timing chain cover assembly.

      0996b43f80201929.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover bolt torque sequence and specification-3.8L Engine

    26. Install the timing case cover oil seal.
    27. Continue the installation in the reverse order of the removal procedure.

May 19, 2012 | 2004 Kia Sedona

1 Answer

Need directions on how to install a timing chain on a 2002 Saturn L series 2.2 liter along with the allignment marks for the intake and exhaust cams


To Install:
  1. Install or connect the following:
    • Timing chain drive sprocket to crankshaft
      1. Rotate the crank so the mark on the sprocket is at the 5 o'clock position
  2. Assemble chain to the intake camshaft sprocket alignment copper link to the "INT" diamond timing mark on the camshaft sprocket sat_car_22_tmng-chn_pos.gif

    NOTE: When lowering the timing chain rotate the assembly 90° to allow the chain to fall between the cylinder block bosses then rotate the assembly back so the camshaft sprocket is facing forward.
    sat_car_22_tmng-c_hsng_opng.gif

  3. Lower the assembly through the chain housing opening on top of the cylinder head. Use care to ensure that the chain goes around both sides of the cylinder block bosses NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark will be at approximately the 5 o'clock position.
  4. Route chain around crankshaft sprocket and align silver link to the timing mark sat_car_22_set_tdc.gif

    NOTE: The camshaft sprocket bolts are not reusable; they are torque-to-yield and must be discarded to prevent premature failure.
  5. Install or connect the following:
    • Intake camshaft sprocket loosely onto the intake camshaft then install the new camshaft sprocket bolt finger tight NOTE: It is not necessary to align the sprocket-to-camshaft offset notch at this time.
    • Adjustable timing chain guide through the opening on top of the cylinder head then install the chain guide bolt; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm) sat_car_22_ajst_tmng-ch_guid.gif

      sat_car_22_cm-shft_sprkt_blts.gif

    • Exhaust camshaft sprocket loosely onto the exhaust camshaft with the timing mark on the sprocket aligned with the silver link then install a new camshaft sprocket bolt finger tight
    NOTE: It is not necessary to align the sprocket-to-camshaft offset notch at this time.
    NOTE: The camshaft sprocket bolts are not reusable; they are torque-to-yield and must be discarded to prevent premature failure.
  6. Align the camshaft sprocket-to-camshaft then tighten the camshaft bolt using the following procedure: sat_car_22_crnk_tmng-c_mrk.gif

    NOTE: Do not rotate either camshaft more than 1/2 turn in either direction with the crankshaft at Top Dead Center (TDC). To do so may cause valve to piston contact resulting in a damaged valve and/or a damaged piston.
    • Ensure that the sprocket timing mark is at the 5 o'clock position
    • Rotate the intake camshaft using a 24mm wrench on the flats of the camshaft until the sprocket-to-camshaft alignment notch seats
    • When the sprocket seats on the camshaft tighten the sprocket bolt finger tight
    • Rotate exhaust camshaft using a 24mm wrench on the flats of the camshaft until the sprocket-to-camshaft alignment notch seats
    • When the sprocket seats on the camshaft tighten the sprocket bolt finger tight
  7. Verify that all colored links are aligned with the appropriate marks on the camshaft and crankshaft sprockets NOTE: If they are not repeat steps 1C through 4.
  8. Install the fixed timing chain guide and bolts; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm)
  9. Install the fixed timing chain guide bolt access hole plug; torque to 30 lb-ft. (40 Nm)
  10. Install upper timing chain guide and bolts; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm) NOTE: Use a 24mm wrench to support the camshaft while applying torque to the camshaft sprocket bolt. Do not torque the camshaft bolts against the timing chain as it may damage the timing chain.
  11. Torque the intake and exhaust camshaft sprocket bolts; torque as follows:
    • First Pass: 63 lb-ft. (85 Nm)
    • Second Pass: Turn an additional 30° using a torque angle gauge
  12. Install the sealing ring and tensioner assembly; torque to 55 lb-ft. (75 Nm)
  13. Install or connect the following:
    • Timing chain oil nozzle and bolt; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm)
    • Camshaft cover assembly
    • Engine front cover
    • Negative battery cable; torque to 13 lb-ft. (17 Nm)

Nov 12, 2010 | 2002 Saturn L-Series

1 Answer

How do i reset the timing in a 1997 z24 Chevrolet Cavalier 2.4 twin cam? Where are the timing marks on the cam gears?


2.3L and 2.4L Engines Before attempting to remove the timing chain, read the entire procedure.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the timing chain front cover, as outlined earlier in this section.
  3. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise, as viewed from the front of engine/normal rotation, until the camshaft sprocket timing dowel pin holes line up with the holes in the timing chain housing. The crankshaft sprocket keyway should point upwards and line up with the centerline of the cylinder bores. This is the "timed'' position. Fig. 8: The chain must be in the "timed'' position - 2.3L and 2.4L engines 87953108.gif
    Fig. 9: Remove the timing chain guides 87953109.gif

  4. Remove the timing chain guides.
  5. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  6. Make sure all of the slack in the timing chain is above the tensioner assembly, then remove the tensioner. The timing chain must be disengaged from any wear grooves in the tensioner shoe in order to remove the shoe. Slide a suitable prytool under the timing chain while pulling the shoe outward. WARNING
    Do NOT attempt to pry the socket off the camshaft or damage to the sprocket or chain housing could occur.
  7. If difficulty is encountered in removing the chain tensioner shoe, remove the intake camshaft sprocket, as follows;
    1. Carefully lower the vehicle.
    2. Hold the intake camshaft sprocket with a suitable tool and remove the sprocket bolt and washer.
    3. Remove the washer from the bolt and rethread the bolt back into the camshaft by hand. The bolt provides a surface to push against.
    4. Remove the camshaft sprocket using a three-jaw puller in the three relief holes in the sprocket.
  8. Unfasten the tensioner assembly retaining bolts, then remove the tensioner. NOTE: The timing chain and crankshaft sprocket MUST be marked before removal. If the chain or sprocket is installed with the wear pattern in the opposite direction, noise and increased wear may occur.
  9. Mark the crankshaft sprocket and timing chain outer surface for reassembly, then remove the chain.
  10. Clean the old sealant off the bolt with a wire brush. Clean the threaded hole in the camshaft with a round nylon brush. Inspect the parts for wear and replace as necessary. Note that some scoring of the chain shoe and guides is normal. To install: WARNING
    Failure to follow this procedure may result in severe engine damage.
  11. Position the intake camshaft sprocket onto the camshaft with the surface marked during removal showing.
  12. Install the intake camshaft sprocket retaining bolt and washer, tighten to 52 ft. lbs. (70 Nm) while holding the sprocket with a suitable tool. Use GM sealant 12345493 or equivalent on the camshaft sprocket bolt.
  13. Place GM tool J 36008, or equivalent camshaft aligning pins, through the holes in the camshaft sprockets into the holes in the timing chain housing. This positions the cams for correct timing.
  14. If the camshafts are out of position and must be rotated more than 1?8 turn in order to install the alignment dowel pins, proceed as follows:
    1. The crankshaft MUST be rotate 90°clockwise off of TDC in order to five the valves adequate clearance to open.
    2. Once the camshafts are in position and the dowels installed, rotate the crankshaft counter clockwise back to TDC. WARNING
      Do not rotate the crankshaft clockwise to TDC; valve or piston damage could result. NOTE: The side of the timing chain that was marked during removal must be showing when the chain is installed.

  15. Place the timing chain over the exhaust camshaft sprockets, around the idler sprocket and around the camshaft sprocket.
  16. Set the camshafts at the timed position and install the timing chain. Remove the alignment dowel pin from the intake camshaft. Using GM tool J 39579, rotate the intake camshaft sprocket counter clockwise enough to slide the timing chain over the intake camshaft sprocket. Release the camshaft sprocket wrench (J 39579 or equivalent). The length of the chain between the two camshaft sprockets will tighten. If properly timed, the intake camshaft alignment dowel pin should slide in easily. If the dowel pin does not fully index, the camshafts are NOT timed correctly and the procedure must be repeated.
  17. Leave the alignment dowel pins installed. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  18. With the slack removed from the chain between the intake camshaft sprocket and the crankshaft sprocket, the timing marks on the crankshaft and cylinder block should be aligned. If the marks are not aligned, move the chain one tooth forward or rearward, remove the slack and recheck the marks. Fig. 10: Timing chain assembly retaining bolts - 2.3L and 2.4L engines 87953111.gif

  19. Reload the timing chain tensioner assembly to its "zero'' position as follows:
    1. Form a keeper from a piece of heavy gauge wire, as shown in the accompanying figure.
    2. Apply slight force on the tensioner blade to compress the plunger.
    3. Insert a small prytool into the reset access hole, and pry the ratchet pawl away from the ratchet teeth while forcing the plunger completely in the hole.
    4. Install the keeper between the access hole and the blade. Fig. 11: Reloading the tensioner to its "ZERO'' position, then install to the chain housing 87953110.gif

  20. Install the tensioner assembly to the timing chain housing. Recheck the plunger assembly installation, it is correctly installed when the long end is toward the crankshaft. Install the tensioner retaining bolts; tighten to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
  21. Carefully lower the vehicle enough to reach and remove the alignment dowel pins. WARNING
    Severe engine damage could result if the engine is not properly timed.
  22. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise (normal rotation) two full rotations. Align the crankshaft keyway with the mark on the cylinder block and reinstall the alignment dowel pins. The pins will slide in easily if the engine is correctly timed.
  23. Install the timing chain guides, then install the front (timing chain) cover.
  24. Connect the negative battery cable.
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Oct 02, 2010 | 1997 Chevrolet Cavalier

1 Answer

I need a diagram of timing chain replacement Thank You


During most engine rebuilds, a completely new timing assembly should be installed. If wear exists on any component, replacement of the entire assembly is necessary. Wear in the chain, gears, or sprockets means a timing lag, which results in poor engine performance.
The timing chain or belt is generally installed with the gears in their correct positions. Before installing a new chain, soak it in oil.
OHC (Overhead Cam) Engines
Some OHC engines use a chain drive; others use a belt drive. Removing the cover on some OHC engines that have timing chains is more difficult, because the cover often fits between the oil pan and the cylinder head. There are special procedures for replacing cam timing components in these engines.
Before a chain repair job, perform a leakage test on non-freewheeling engines to check for bent valves, so that an accurate repair estimate can be made.
OHV (Overhead Valve) Pushrod Engines
On many OHV pushrod engines, the crankshaft sprocket is installed on the crankshaft nose and the crankshaft is rotated to position piston #1 at TDC. At this point, a mark stamped onto the crankshaft sprocket is pointing directly upward (toward the camshaft).
The camshaft sprocket is then temporarily bolted to the cam and used to rotate the cam until a mark stamped on the cam sprocket is pointing directly downward (toward the crankshaft). The sprocket is then removed from the cam (without allowing the cam to rotate).
The timing chain is looped over the cam gear, the mark on the cam gear is positioned directly downward, and the chain is looped around the crankshaft sprocket. When the cam sprocket is attached to the cam, the timing marks on the crank and cam sprockets should be pointing toward one another. NOTE THIS IS FOR 2WD 4.0

May 22, 2010 | 2005 Nissan Pathfinder

1 Answer

1999 Ford Expedition 5.4L Timing chain setup


.
  1. Remove the engine front cover. For additional information, refer to Engine Front Cover in this section.
  1. Remove the crankshaft sensor ring from the crankshaft.
    a0044041.gif
  1. Rotate the crankshaft until the timing mark on the RH camshaft sprocket is approximately at the 11 o'clock position and the timing mark on the LH camshaft sprocket is approximately at the 12 o'clock position.
    a0049532.gif
  1. Using the special tool, position the crankshaft as shown.
    a0041102.gif
  1. Install the special tool.
    aa5423a.gif
  1. NOTE: LH shown; RH similar.
    Remove the two bolts, the timing chain tensioner and tensioner arm.
    aa5952a.gif
  1. Remove the LH and RH timing chains and the crankshaft sprockets.
    • Remove the special tool from the crankshaft.
    • Remove the timing chains from the camshaft sprockets.
    • Remove the right and left timing chains and the crankshaft sprocket from the crankshaft.
    a0029151.gif
  1. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: The bolts are different lengths and must be returned to their original location.
    NOTE: LH shown; RH similar.
    Remove the bolts and the timing chain guides.
    a0044040.gif
Installation
  1. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Timing chain procedures must be followed exactly or damage to valves and pistons will result.
    ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Do not compress the ratchet assembly. This will damage the ratchet assembly.
    Compress the tensioner plunger, using an edge of a vise.
    da0605a.gif
  1. Using a small screwdriver or pick, push back and hold the ratchet mechanism.
    da0606a.gif
  1. While holding the ratchet mechanism, push the ratchet arm back into the tensioner housing.
    da0607a.gif
  1. Install a paper clip into the hole in the tensioner housing to hold the ratchet assembly and plunger in during installation.
    a26917a.gif
  1. Remove the tensioner from the vise.
  1. NOTE: There are 61 links in the timing chain.
    If the copper links are not visible, mark two links on one end and one link on the other end, and use as timing marks.
    a0038720.gif
  1. Install the timing chain guides.
    a0044063.gif
  1. Using the special tool, verify correct crankshaft position.
    • Remove the special tool.
    a0041102.gif
  1. NOTE: Crankshaft sprockets are identical. They can only be installed one way. Refer to the following illustration for correct crankshaft sprocket installation.
    If removed, install LH and RH crankshaft sprockets.
    a14824b.gif
  1. Install the LH timing chain onto the crankshaft sprocket, aligning the one copper (marked) link on the timing chain with the slot on the crankshaft sprocket.
    a0041197.gif
  1. Position the LH timing chain on the camshaft sprocket with the two copper (marked) chain links and the camshaft sprocket timing mark aligned.
    a0049191.gif
  1. Position the RH (outer) timing chain on the crankshaft sprocket, aligning the copper (marked) link with the timing mark on the sprocket.
    a0041196.gif
  1. Position the RH timing chain on the camshaft sprocket. Make sure the two copper (marked) links align with the camshaft sprocket timing mark.
    a0041104.gif
  1. NOTE: LH shown; RH similar.
    Position the tensioner arms and tensioners, and install the bolts.
    aa5952a.gif
  1. Remove the tensioner retaining clip.
    a26273a.gif
  1. As a post-check, verify correct alignment of all timing marks.
    a0041106.gif
  1. Remove the special tool.
    aa5423a.gif
  1. Position the crankshaft sensor ring on the crankshaft.
    a0044041.gif
  1. Install the engine front cover. For additional information, refer to Engine Front Cover in this section.


2010&c18=modelyear&c20=n310677&c35=wsm%2ctiming%20drive%20components%2csxj%2c303-01b%2cin-vehicle%20repair&s=1600x900&c=32&j=1.3&v=y&k=y&bw=1171&bh=582&ct=lan&hp=n&[aqe]

Apr 03, 2010 | 1999 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

Have a 94 cavalier 2.2 liter,timing chain


Install the cam sprocket, timing chain, and timing chain cover. Make sure the dot on the crankshaft gear is pointing towards the center of the Camshaft gear bolt. Make sure the hole in the Camshaft gear is pointing towards the center of the crankshaft. Be sure to remove the nail holding the chain tensoner back, before installing the timing cover The round hole in the cam gear is the alignment mark

Mar 13, 2010 | 1996 Chevrolet Cavalier

2 Answers

Timing specs


Here is All Lititure But Pictures Wont show up on FixYa for some reason, I can Email it ALL to you Just Send Me A Request to my Nickname here @aol.com


SPECIAL TOOLS REQUIRED (or equivalents)
  • J-36008, Camshaft sprocket timing alignment pins.
  • J-39579, Camshaft sprocket wrench.
CAUTIONS:
  • The timing chain on the 1996 LD9 (VIN T) Twin Cam Engine is not to be replaced with the timing chain from any other model year. The timing sprockets are different on the Twin Cam Engine and the shape of the links matches the sprockets. Engine damage may result if the wrong timing chain is used.
  • The timing chain and crankshaft sprocket MUST be marked so that they are reinstalled with the same side facing out at the time of reassembly.
  • Failure to follow the removal and installation procedures could result in severe engine damage.
REMOVE OR DISCONNECT
  1. Negative battery cable.
  2. Front cover, refer to Timing Cover / Service and Repair .
  3. Rotate crankshaft in clockwise direction until camshaft and crankshaft timing marks are aligned.
  4. Timing chain guides.
  5. Raise and support vehicle.
  6. Ensure slack in timing chain is above tensioner assembly, then remove chain tensioner. The timing chain must be disengaged from grooves in tensioner shoe to permit removal of shoe. Position a suitable screwdriver under timing chain while pulling shoe outward. If difficulty is encountered in removing tensioner shoe, proceed as follows:
    1. Lower vehicle, then while holding the intake camshaft sprocket with J-39579, remove sprocket bolt and washer.
    2. Remove washer, then install bolt into camshaft by hand.
    3. Position a suitable three jaw puller into intake camshaft sprocket relief holes and remove sprocket. CAUTION: Do NOT pry on camshaft sprocket as damage to sprocket or timing chain housing may result.
  1. Tensioner assembly attaching bolts and tensioner assembly.
  2. MARK CRANKSHAFT SPROCKET AND TIMING CHAIN outer surface for reassembly.
  3. Timing chain.
INSTALL OR CONNECT
  1. Intake camshaft sprocket onto camshaft with surface marked during removal showing.
  2. Intake camshaft sprocket retaining bolt and washer, torque to 70 Nm (52 ft lbs) while holding the sprocket with J-39579 (if removed).
  3. Timing pins, J-36008, through holes in camshaft sprockets into holes in timing chain housing to position camshafts for proper timing. If camshafts are out of position and must be rotated more that 1/8 turn to insert timing pins:
    1. Crankshaft MUST be rotated 90°clockwise off of TDC in order to give the valves adequate clearance to open.
    2. Once the camshafts are in position and the timing pins have been installed rotate crankshaft COUNTERCLOCKWISE to TDC. CAUTION: Do NOT rotate the crankshaft clockwise to TDC, valve or piston damage could occur.
  1. Timing chain over exhaust camshaft sprocket, around idler sprocket and around crankshaft sprocket.
  2. Set camshaft sprockets at timed position and install timing chain. Remove timing pin from intake camshaft. Using J-39579, rotate the intake camshaft sprocket counterclockwise until timing chain can be installed over sprocket. Release J-39579 after timing chain has been installed over sprocket. The length of chain between intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets should tighten. The timing pin should easily fit through intake camshaft sprocket timing hole into timing chain housing timing hole. If timing pin does not fully index, the camshafts are NOT timed correctly and the procedure MUST be repeated.
  3. With timing pins installed, raise and support vehicle.
  4. With slack removed from timing chain between intake camshaft sprocket and crankshaft sprocket, timing marks on crankshaft and engine block should be aligned. If the marks are not aligned, move timing chain one tooth forward or rearward to align marks. Remove slack and recheck marks.
  5. Reload tensioner assembly to zero position as follows:
    1. Form a keeper out of heavy gauge wire into a U-shaped piece with a half inch opening.
    2. Apply slight force on tensioner blade to compress plunger.
    3. Insert small screwdriver into reset access hole and pry rachet pawl away from ratchet teeth while forcing the plunger completely in the hole.
    4. Install keeper between access hole and blade.
  1. Tensioner assembly to chain housing and recheck plunger assembly installation, noting long end is toward crankshaft.
  2. Tighten timing chain tensioner bolts to 10 Nm (89 in lbs) .
  3. Lower vehicle to point where timing pins can be removed from camshaft sprockets.
  4. Rotate crankshaft two revolutions in the clockwise direction. Align crankshaft keyway with the mark on cylinder block and reinstall timing pins through camshaft sprockets into housing timing holes. Timing pins should slide easily through timing holes. If timing pins cannot be inserted easily, repeat procedure to properly time engine. CAUTION: If the engine is not correctly timed, severe engine damage could occur.
  5. Timing chain guides.
  6. Engine front cover.
  7. Negative battery cable.

Nov 15, 2008 | 1995 Pontiac Grand Am

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