Question about 2007 Ford Focus (3 Door) Hatchback

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Fixes for 2007 ford focus trouble cdes P0410 and P0491

Secondary air pump is not getting power. relay and fuse are good. Does power go through the one way valve.

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SOURCE: hi i hava two code

Hello,

P0491 is a Secondary Air System fault Bank 1.

Bank 1 refers to the passenger side off the engine. The combination valve for secondary air injection did not preform as it should & set a fault. The valve is located under the plastic engine cover at the rear of the right cylinder head.

There is a plastic tube from the air pump to the valve that breaks, the valve sometimes fails, there is a vacuum hose that opens the valve that also sometimes fails & rarely the Air Injection Vacuum Control Solenoid Valve fails. The plastic tube unpluged/cracked or failed valve are the 2 most common failures.

If it's a vac leak it's in the small hose from the solenoid valve to the combination valve. The super charger may affect the vacuum, but I would expect to see more codes if it was really messing with things. The air injection system only runs for about 1.5 minutes on cold starts. If the plastic tube is broken you will hear what sound like a small exhaust leak.

P0410

What does that mean?

The P0410 code refers to the emissions system. The AIR pump puts air to the exhaust to lower emissions. It takes in outside air and pumps it through two one-way check valves into each bank of the exhaust.

About 90% of the time that this code is set, the one-way check valves have worn out or failed and allow water (which occurs naturally in the exhaust) back into the pump. In any cold climate, especially in climates with higher humidity, this water may be more excessive. The water partially fills the AIR pump, it can then freeze. When the PCM commands the pump on, if the pump is frozen it cannot turn, thus overloading the circuit and "popping" the fuse.
Symptoms

Possibly symptoms include:

* MIL illumination obviously
* Hesitation on acceleration
* Noise from a bad/stuck AIR pump

Causes

A code P0410 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:

* Water may have collected in the AIR pump or the vent solenoid and frozen or corroded the pump
* Blown AIR pump fuse due to freezing up

Possible Solutions

Note: There is a technical service bulletin (TSB) regarding this code for a number of GM models. The TSB calls for the replacement of the AIR pump and the installation of a new secondary injection hose.

Additionally, if you simply replace the AIR pump the problem may return again (and again). If you replace the pump, also clean out the hoses and replace the one-way check valve. In a few cases, people have put a small hole in the rubber cover on the pump which allows any water to drain out.

Also, please note that this may be covered under the emissions warranty on the vehicle. If your vehicle is out of bumper-to-bumper warranty, check if the emissions warranty is still valid!

* Replace the AIR pump AND one-way check valve
* Test and clean the AIR pump AND test and replace the one-way air check valve
* Replace the AIR pump inlet hose
* Replace the AIR pump fuse (found under the hood)

The above are the interpretation of the codes.

Let me know if you need further assistance.

Regards.

Posted on Sep 15, 2011

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  • 471 Answers

SOURCE: Diagnostic trouble codes P0410, P0491 and P2257

I believe it could be a faulty oxygen sensor or blocked air tubes. Check to make sure air pump is operating.Check green and black wires between pcm and pump relay. Check for 12v power between these two wires with key on check the wires for damage as this has been a problem area on these vehicles. Hope this helps.

Posted on Jan 12, 2014

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Secondary Air Injection System Description .
The secondary air injection (AIR) system aids in the reduction of hydrocarbon exhaust emissions during a cold start-up. This occurs when the start-up engine coolant temperature (ECT) is between 5-50?°C (41-122?°F), and the intake air temperature (IAT) is between 5-60?°C (41-140?°F). The AIR pump operates 5-60 seconds after start-up.
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In the under hood fuse box find AIR PUMP fuse # 64 60amp pull the fuse an see if the fan goes off . There are two relays secondary Air injection (AIR ) pump relay . The contacts may be stuck together .
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Diagnostic trouble codes P0410, P0491 and P2257


I believe it could be a faulty oxygen sensor or blocked air tubes. Check to make sure air pump is operating.Check green and black wires between pcm and pump relay. Check for 12v power between these two wires with key on check the wires for damage as this has been a problem area on these vehicles. Hope this helps.

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2009 Ford Fusion SE 2.3L error codes P0491 and P0410. What are these and what steps do I need to take to fix them. Is there any diagrams or can someone specifically tell me the steps and places to look to...


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Secondary air ignition malfuction


This code can set for more than the pump not running. It could be a sensor issue that reads it, too high of pressure, just to name a few.

Circuit/System Verification
Verify that DTC P0412, P0418, P2430-P2433, P2440, or P2444 are not set.
* If any of the DTCs are set, perform those diagnostics first.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Pump Relay ON and OFF with a scan tool. The AIR pump should turn ON and OFF.
* If the AIR pump does not turn ON or OFF, refer to Secondary Air Injection Pump Malfunction
Command the AIR Solenoid ON and OFF with a scan tool. The AIR solenoid valve should click with each command.
* If the AIR solenoid valve does operate as specified, refer to Secondary Air Injection Solenoid Valve Malfunction.
Engine running, command the AIR Pump Relay ON with a scan tool while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be 15-20 kPa above the BARO reading.
* If less than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low.
* If greater than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If less than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low.
* If greater than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High.
Operate the vehicle within the Conditions for Running the DTC to verify the DTC does not reset. You may also operate the vehicle within the conditions that you observed from the Freeze Frame/Failure Records data.

Circuit/System Testing
Secondary Air Injection Pump Malfunction

Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Ignition ON, verify that a test lamp does not illuminate between the controlled output circuit terminal 87 and ground.
* If the test lamp illuminates, test the controlled output circuit for a short to voltage.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR pump relay coil ignition circuit terminal 85 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the ignition circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the ignition circuit fuse is open, replace the AIR pump relay and/or the AIR solenoid relay.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the B+ circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the B+ circuit fuse is open, test the controlled output circuit for a short to ground.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the harness connector at the AIR pump.
Test for less than 2 ohms between the AIR pump ground circuit terminal B and ground.
* If greater than the specified range, test the ground circuit for an open/high resistance.
Connect the harness connector at the AIR pump.
Connect the J 36169-HD with a 60A fuse between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR pump is activated.
* If the AIR pump does not activate, test the controlled output circuit for an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, test or replace the AIR pump.
Remove the J 36169-HD jumper wire.
Connect a test lamp between the AIR pump relay coil ignition circuit terminal 85 and the AIR pump relay control circuit terminal 86.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Pump Relay ON and OFF with a scan tool. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF when changing between the commanded states.
* If the test lamp is always ON, test the AIR pump relay control circuit for a short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
* If the test lamp is always OFF, test the AIR pump relay control circuit for a short to voltage or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
If all circuits test normal, replace the AIR pump relay.

Secondary Air Injection Solenoid Malfunction
Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR solenoid relay.
Ignition ON, verify that a test lamp does not illuminate between the controlled output circuit terminal 87 and ground.
* If the test lamp illuminates, test the controlled output circuit for a short to voltage.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR solenoid relay coil ignition circuit terminal 86 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the ignition circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the ignition circuit fuse is open, replace the AIR solenoid relay and/or the AIR pump relay.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR solenoid relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the B+ circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the B+ circuit fuse is open, test the controlled output circuit for a short to ground.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the harness connector at the AIR solenoid.
Test for less than 2 ohms between the AIR solenoid valve ground circuit terminal 4 and ground.
* If greater than the specified range, test the ground circuit for an open/high resistance.
Connect the harness connector at the secondary AIR solenoid.
Connect a 15A fused jumper wire between the AIR solenoid relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR solenoid valve is activated.
* If the AIR solenoid valve does not activate, test the controlled output circuit for an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, test or replace the AIR solenoid.
Remove the 15A fused jumper wire.
Connect a test lamp between the AIR solenoid relay coil ignition circuit terminal 86 and the relay coil control circuit terminal 85.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Solenoid ON and OFF with a scan tool. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF when changing between the commanded states.
* If the test lamp is always ON, test the control circuit for a short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
* If the test lamp is always OFF, test the control circuit for a short to voltage or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
If all circuits test normal, replace the AIR solenoid relay.

Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low
Engine running, inspect for exhaust leaks between the AIR solenoid valve and the catalytic converter.
* If an exhaust leak is detected, repair as necessary.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Engine running, connect the J 36169-HD with a 60A fuse between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter is not 15-20 kPa above BARO.
* If 15-20 kPa above BARO, replace the AIR pump relay.
Ignition OFF, remove the J 36169-HD jumper wire and connect the AIR pump relay.
Remove the air inlet hose at the AIR pump.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. Verify the reading is not 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If 7-10 kPa above BARO, the AIR pump inlet hose/pipe assembly is restricted. Remove the restriction or replace the hose/pipe assembly.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the hose at the AIR pump outlet.
Disconnect the hose at the AIR solenoid valve inlet.
Install a length of standard 1 inch I.D. (25.4 mm) hose from the AIR pump outlet to the AIR solenoid valve inlet.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. Verify the reading is not 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If 7-10 kPa above BARO, test/inspect AIR pump outlet hoses/pipes for leaks or restrictions.
Test all AIR pump wiring and connections for less than 2 ohms. If the wiring and connections test normal and the hoses/pipes are OK, replace the AIR pump.

Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High
Ignition OFF, remove the AIR solenoid valve.
Connect the AIR pump outlet pipe/hose at the AIR solenoid valve.
Connect the AIR solenoid valve harness at the AIR solenoid valve.
Engine running, command the AIR system ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be less than 11 kPa above BARO.
* If greater than the specified value, replace the AIR solenoid valve.
Inspect the AIR solenoid valve gaskets for proper alignment. If normal, test/inspect the AIR solenoid valve outlet pipe, exhaust manifold, and cylinder head for a restriction.

This issue and its repair may be under GM warranty. I think it would be worth your time to check at the dealer.

Hope helps.

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1 Answer

2002 CADILLAC DEVILLE CODE P0412


p0412 Secondary air injection switching valve A circuit
Right side of engine compartiment. ( underhood fuse block )
- Air pump fuse 50A- Air control valve relay- ignition1 fuse 10A ( positive for the relay )The secondary air injection pump relay is located near radiator surge tank.Left front of engine compartiment = Secondary air injection pump

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1 Answer

Hi i hava two code im ford focus 2007 p0491 and p0410 no can fix what doin


Hello,

P0491 is a Secondary Air System fault Bank 1.

Bank 1 refers to the passenger side off the engine. The combination valve for secondary air injection did not preform as it should & set a fault. The valve is located under the plastic engine cover at the rear of the right cylinder head.

There is a plastic tube from the air pump to the valve that breaks, the valve sometimes fails, there is a vacuum hose that opens the valve that also sometimes fails & rarely the Air Injection Vacuum Control Solenoid Valve fails. The plastic tube unpluged/cracked or failed valve are the 2 most common failures.

If it's a vac leak it's in the small hose from the solenoid valve to the combination valve. The super charger may affect the vacuum, but I would expect to see more codes if it was really messing with things. The air injection system only runs for about 1.5 minutes on cold starts. If the plastic tube is broken you will hear what sound like a small exhaust leak.

P0410

What does that mean?

The P0410 code refers to the emissions system. The AIR pump puts air to the exhaust to lower emissions. It takes in outside air and pumps it through two one-way check valves into each bank of the exhaust.

About 90% of the time that this code is set, the one-way check valves have worn out or failed and allow water (which occurs naturally in the exhaust) back into the pump. In any cold climate, especially in climates with higher humidity, this water may be more excessive. The water partially fills the AIR pump, it can then freeze. When the PCM commands the pump on, if the pump is frozen it cannot turn, thus overloading the circuit and "popping" the fuse.
Symptoms

Possibly symptoms include:

* MIL illumination obviously
* Hesitation on acceleration
* Noise from a bad/stuck AIR pump

Causes

A code P0410 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:

* Water may have collected in the AIR pump or the vent solenoid and frozen or corroded the pump
* Blown AIR pump fuse due to freezing up

Possible Solutions

Note: There is a technical service bulletin (TSB) regarding this code for a number of GM models. The TSB calls for the replacement of the AIR pump and the installation of a new secondary injection hose.

Additionally, if you simply replace the AIR pump the problem may return again (and again). If you replace the pump, also clean out the hoses and replace the one-way check valve. In a few cases, people have put a small hole in the rubber cover on the pump which allows any water to drain out.

Also, please note that this may be covered under the emissions warranty on the vehicle. If your vehicle is out of bumper-to-bumper warranty, check if the emissions warranty is still valid!

* Replace the AIR pump AND one-way check valve
* Test and clean the AIR pump AND test and replace the one-way air check valve
* Replace the AIR pump inlet hose
* Replace the AIR pump fuse (found under the hood)

The above are the interpretation of the codes.

Let me know if you need further assistance.

Regards.

Sep 15, 2011 | Ford Focus Cars & Trucks

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