Question about Mercedes-Benz CLK-Class
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Essentially, a "ground" is an electrical connection to a common return in circuit. In automotive terms a ground is a connection to the body or other metal surface of the vehicle. The body in the RX-7 is connected to the negative terminal of the battery. Thus any connection to the body of the car is a connection to the negative terminal of the battery. Electricity flows from the positive of the battery, through the circuit to do some work, then back through the body to the battery (technically electrons actually flow from negative to positive but that is beyond the scope of this article). This is a "negative ground" system which is by far the most popular automotive ground scheme used in the automotive world. "Positive ground" systems were popular in the beginning with all car manufacturers and continued on in British vehicles until recently.
The main reason this is done is to greatly simplify the wiring of a vehicle. Since most car bodies are made of metal (at the very least almost all frames are) they provide a perfect ground plane, eliminating the need to run a separate ground wire to each circuit which almost chops the amount of wire necessary in half.
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