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What is the egr system - Cars & Trucks

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Eric Phipps

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EGR stands for exhaust gas recirculation. As fuel burns in an engine, the temperature is high enough to react with atmospheric nitrogen, which causes a mixture of nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx causes smog and kicks puppies. By mixing some exhaust gas along with the fuel/air charge in an engine, some oxygen is displaced (exhaust gas has no oxygen in it), and combustion temperatures drop. NOx is then reduced.

Posted on Apr 07, 2012

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Sam Foochie

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EGR stands for Exhaust gas recirculating system

Posted on Apr 07, 2012

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Code p0403


EGR is the exhaust gas recirculating valve . It's part of the emission system designed to lower emission of nitrates of oxygen. The vehicles PCM is sensing a problem with the flow or lack of flow thru the EGR valve. The EGR system has several components including the egr valve, erg solenoid, possible EGR temperature sensor and/or a DPFE ( differential pressure feedback sensor) and vacuum hoses. They are located on or near the intake manifold and connects to the exhaust manifold system also.

Jul 15, 2014 | 2002 Mazda MPV

2 Answers

Need to find and replace the DPFE-15 sensor. Dealership diagnosed when service engine light came on and saaid this is what needed replacing. Problem is I do not know where to find it on the engine.


Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system is designed to:
  • reintroduce exhaust gas into the combustion cycle.
  • lower combustion temperatures.
  • reduce the formation of oxides or nitrogen (NOX).
The amount of exhaust gas reintroduced and the timing of the cycle varies by calibration. Timing and volume are controlled by the following:
  • engine rpm
  • engine vacuum
  • exhaust system back pressure
  • engine coolant temperature
  • air charge temperature
  • throttle position
The EGR valve (EGR valve) (9D475) is vacuum-actuated. The vacuum hose routing diagram is shown on the Vehicle Emission Control Information (VECI) decal. The EGR system is a differential pressure feedback EGR Sensor system. Differential pressure feedback EGR Sensor is a subsonic closed loop EGR system. The differential pressure feedback EGR system:
  • monitors EGR flow rate by the pressure drop across the metering orifice located in the EGR tube.
  • uses a differential pressure feedback EGR sensor as the feedback device.
  • uses the EGR valve only as a pressure regulator, rather than a flow metering device.
  • controlled pressure is varied by the valve movement using vacuum output of the EGR vacuum regulator solenoid (9J459).
  • allows for a more accurate assessment of EGR flow requirements.


Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Flow Diagram


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Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor Removal
  1. Disconnect engine control sensor wiring (12A581) from Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor.
  1. Disconnect Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor hoses from EGR valve to exhaust manifold tube (9D477).
  1. Remove retaining nuts or bolts (depending upon application) and EGR Differential Pressure Feedback transducer.
Installation
  1. Follow removal procedure in reverse order.
  1. Tighten retaining nuts or bolts (depending upon application) to 5-7 Nm (45-61 lb-in).


    Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor, 3.0L (2V) Engine


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    Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor, 3.0L (4V) Engine


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    Item Part Number Description 1 6049 RH Cylinder Head 2 - Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor 3 - Nut (2 Req'd) 4 - Stud Bolt 5 - Bolt (2 Req'd) 6 - Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor Bracket A - Tighten to 5-7 Nm (45-61 Lb-In) B - Tighten to 8-12 Nm (71-106 Lb-In)

    Engine Emission Control Component Location-3.4L SHO Engine


    a25013a.gif


    Item Part Number Description 1 95607-05200 Nut 2 - EGR Sensor Hose 3 - EGR Sensor Hose 4 95027-08016 Bolt 5 - Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor 6 9J433 Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor Mounting Bracket 7 9D474 EGR Solenoid Vacuum Valve (2 Req'd) 8 A4670 Vacuum Tube Assembly 9 9424 Intake Manifold 10 9J459 EGR Vacuum Regulator Solenoid A - Tighten to 5-7 Nm (45-61 Lb-In)
Hope this helps

Aug 14, 2011 | 1999 Ford Taurus

1 Answer

Where is the egr valve on the 2006 ford explorer


i hope that this could help you the EGR valve is the item #7

ganyapr_0.jpg

Item Part Number Description 1 - EGR system module electrical connector (part of 12B637) 2 9E498 Engine vacuum harness 3 - EGR system module-to-exhaust manifold tube upper fitting (part of 9E469) 4 - EGR system module-to-exhaust manifold tube lower fitting (part of 9E469) 5 9E469 EGR system module-to-exhaust manifold tube 6 W506024 EGR system module bolts (2 required) 7 9D475 EGR system module 8 9D476 EGR system module gasket

Feb 13, 2011 | 2006 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

I have a 2000 gmc jimmy that started running very rough the other day. I am getting a lot of noise from the muffler collapsing on itself then popping back out. Check engine light is on went to autozone for...


well you could remove it and put a hose on it and either **** on it or hook it up to a vacuum and see if it moves up and down, if it don't move it has a bad diaphram

Jan 17, 2011 | 2000 GMC Jimmy

2 Answers

My code reader says p1401 ford exscape


p 1401 is a code for differential pressure feedback egr circuit high input there is a small square sensor on the engine with a vacuum line here is some info Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Monitor” Differential Pressure Feedback EGR
The Differential Pressure Feedback EGR System Monitor is an on-board strategy designed to test the integrity and flow characteristics of the EGR system. The monitor is activated during EGR system operation and after certain base engine conditions are satisfied. Input from the ECT, IAT, TP and CKP sensors is required to activate the EGR System Monitor. Once activated, the EGR System Monitor will perform each of the tests described below during the engine modes and conditions indicated. Some of the EGR System Monitor tests are also performed during on demand self-test.

The Differential Pressure Feedback EGR sensor and circuit are continuously tested for opens and shorts. The monitor looks for the Differential Pressure Feedback EGR circuit voltage to exceed the maximum or minimum allowable limits.

The DTCs associated with this test are DTCs P1400 and P1401.
The EGR Vacuum Regulator solenoid is continuously tested for opens and shorts. The monitor looks for an EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit voltage that is inconsistent with the EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit commanded output state.

Jul 26, 2010 | 2001 Ford Escape

1 Answer

I have a ford explorer sport 2002 and my chek engine light came on it put out a code PO401 do you know what i need to buy


PO401 code means that:
The PCM has determined that there is insufficient flow in the exhaust gas recirculation system. Definition: EGR system fault (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) Probable Causes: a. Blocked passage on EGR system b. Failed EGR Valve c. EGR solenoid faulty d. Failed EGR pressure sensor where applicable e. Failed EGR position sensor where applicable

Mar 08, 2010 | 2002 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

How do you replace the egr valve in a 1997 chrysler concorde lx


Chrysler Concorde 1993-1997 3.5L MFI 6cyl
Exhaust Gas Recirculation System
Operation

This system reduces the amount of oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) in the exhaust by allowing a predetermined amount of exhaust gases to recirculate and dilute the incoming fuel/air mixture. The diluted air/fuel mixture reduces peak flame temperature during combustion, which in turn inhibits the production of Nitrogen oxides. The principal components of the system are:
- EGR tube (connects a passage in the intake manifold to the exhaust manifold)
- EGR valve
- Electronic EGR Transducer
- Vacuum hoses


Component and System Testing
  1. Check the condition of all of the EGR system hoses and tubes for leaks, hardening or kinks on the rubber hoses. Repair and correct these conditions before proceeding any testing.
  2. Be sure that the hoses at both of the EGR valve and EGR valve control are connected to the proper fittings.
  3. Be sure the electrical connector is firmly attached at the valve control.
  4. To check the EGR system operation, connect the DRB III scan tool or equivalent to the 16-way data link connector. The data link connector is located on the lower edge of the instrument panel near the steering column. Follow the scan tool instructions.
  5. After checking the system with the DRB III scan tool, proceed to the EGR valve leak and control tests, then repair as necessary.

Removal & Installation
EGR Valve and Transducer

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EGR valve and transducer assembly-3.5 engine



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The EGR valve attaches to the back of the cylinder head-3.5L engine


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Loosen, but do not remove, the EGR tube to intake manifold screws

The EGR valve attaches to the rear of the right cylinder head.
  1. Remove the vacuum tube from the electric EGR transducer solenoid. Inspect the vacuum lines for cracking, poor seal due to hardness, or other problems. Replace with new hoses if necessary.
  2. Remove the electrical connector from the solenoid.
  3. Slide the transducer up and out of the mounting bracket.
  4. Loosen, but do not remove, the EGR tube to the intake manifold screws.
  5. Remove the EGR tube lower screws at the valve.
  6. Remove the EGR valve and transducer.
  7. Clean both gasket surfaces and check for any signs of leakage or cracks. Replace the components if any such damage is found or if the valve fails the tests.

To install:
  1. Loosely install the EGR valve and a new gasket onto the cylinder head.
  2. Using a new gasket, attach the EGR tube to the valve and tighten the screws to 95 inch lbs. (11 Nm).
  3. Tighten the EGR tube to the intake manifold plenum screws to 16 ft. lbs. (22 Nm).
  4. Tighten the EGR valve to the cylinder head screws to 16 ft. lbs. (22 Nm).
  5. Reconnect the transducer solenoid to the vacuum fitting on the manifold.
  6. Slide the transducer into the bracket.
  7. Reconnect the vacuum lines and electrical wires to the EGR transducer.
continue...

Sep 04, 2009 | 1997 Chrysler Concorde

1 Answer

1995 mercury villager check engine code p1200 injector open


P0400 = EGR Flow
P0325 = knock sensor (Do not ever change a knock sensor, they don't affect anything and cost $600 to replace for absolutely no gain)
P1200 = I can't find this one. I think it's injector flow
report back on what you find.
Egr flow may be plugged egr passages or a bad solenoid.
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1996 PCED OBDII-Villager SECTION 1B: Description and Operation
Exhaust Gas Recirculation System
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Operation The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system (Figure 1 below) recirculates a portion of the exhaust gases into the intake manifold under average vehicle driving conditions to reduce combustion temperatures and exhaust gas NOx content. The amount of exhaust gas recirculated varies according to operating conditions and will be cut completely under:
  • Engine starting condition
  • Low engine coolant temperature condition
  • Excessively high engine coolant temperature condition
  • Engine idling condition
  • High engine speed condition
  • Mass air flow sensor failure
The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system on the Villager uses the exhaust gas recirculation/evaporative emission (EGR/EVAP) control solenoid valve to provide vacuum to both the EGR valve and the EVAP canister when commanded by the PCM. If the exhaust backpressure is sufficient to close the EGR backpressure transducer valve, vacuum is sent to the EGR valve and allows EGR gas to flow into the intake manifold. If the exhaust backpressure is not sufficient, the EGR backpressure transducer will remain open and allow vacuum from the EGR/EVAP control solenoid to vent to the atmosphere.
The EGR system monitor, for OBD II regulations, uses an EGR temperature sensor to monitor the EGR system. The EGR temperature sensor is a thermister located in the EGR passageway. When hot exhaust gas is recirculated into the engine, the temperature at the EGR passageway increases. This increase is sensed by the EGR temperature sensor and a signal is sent to the PCM to indicate EGR flow. If the EGR temperature sensor does not detect EGR flow when commanded by the PCM after two consecutive drive cycles, the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) will be illuminated and a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will be stored. The MIL will be turned off after three consecutive drive cycles are completed with no malfunctions detected. The DTC will remain stored in the PCM memory until 80 drive cycles have been completed without the same malfunction detected in the system.
Figure 1: Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Diagram Item Number Description 1 — EGR/EVAP Control Solenoid 2 — Air Cleaner Housing 3 — Throttle Valve 4 — EGR Temperature Sensor 5 — EGR Valve 6 — EGR Backpressure Transducer 7 — EVAP Canister
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Backpressure Transducer Valve The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) backpressure transducer valve is used to control EGR. The EGR valve is operated by ported vacuum, but the ported vacuum will normally be vented off at the EGR backpressure transducer valve. As rpm increases, exhaust pressure increases and pushes on the diaphragm in the EGR backpressure transducer valve and closes the vacuum vent.
Figure 2: EGR Backpressure Transducer Value
Item Number Description 1 — Throttle Valve 2 — Vacuum Port 3 9D475 EGR Valve 4 9F452 EGR Backpressure Transducer Valve 5 — EVAP Canister 6 — EGR/EVAP Control Solenoid 7 — Vent
EGR/EVAP Control Solenoid The exhaust gas recirculation/evaporative emission (EGR/EVAP) control solenoid (Figure 3) is controlled by the powertrain control module (PCM). The EGR/EVAP control solenoid controls vacuum to both the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve and to the evaporative (EVAP) emission canister. When the EGR/EVAP control solenoid is off (12 V signal from the PCM) vacuum is supplied to both the EGR valve and to the EVAP canister. When the EGR/EVAP control solenoid is on (ground supplied by PCM) vacuum is vented to the atmosphere keeping the EGR valve closed and no vacuum to the EVAP canister. The PCM will command the EGR/EVAP control solenoid on at:
  • Engine starting condition
  • Low engine coolant temperature condition
  • Excessively high engine coolant temperature condition
  • Engine idling condition
  • High engine speed condition
  • Mass air flow sensor failure
Figure 3: Exhaust Gas Recirculation/Evaporative Emission (EGR/EVAP) Control Solenoid
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Temperature Sensor
The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) temperature sensor (Figure 4) is a thermister type sensor that monitors the temperature of the exhaust in the EGR passageway. As the EGR flow increases, the temperature increases. This process creates a change in the resistance of the sensor, which decreases as the temperature increases. The signal is sent to the powertrain control module (PCM) to indicate that the EGR system is working properly. If the EGR temperature sensor does not change resistance as the PCM expects on two consecutive drives, the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) will be illuminated and a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will be stored.
Figure 4: EGR Temperature Sensor Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Valve
The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve (Figure 5) recirculates portions of the exhaust gas back into the intake manifold to reduce the amount of the NOx released during combustion and to reduce combustion temperature. The amount of exhaust gases that are released into the engine is proportional to the load on the engine.
Figure 5: EGR Valve

Mar 20, 2009 | 1995 Mercury Villager

1 Answer

Egr vacuum solenoid


Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Monitor—Differential Pressure Feedback EGR The Differential Pressure Feedback EGR System Monitor is an on-board strategy designed to test the integrity and flow characteristics of the EGR system. The monitor is activated during EGR system operation and after certain base engine conditions are satisfied. Input from the ECT, CHT, IAT, TP and CKP sensors is required to activate the EGR System Monitor. Once activated, the EGR System Monitor will perform each of the tests described below during the engine modes and conditions indicated. Some of the EGR System Monitor tests are also performed during on demand self-test.
  1. The differential pressure feedback EGR sensor and circuit are continuously tested for opens and shorts. The monitor looks for the Differential Pressure Feedback EGR circuit voltage to exceed the maximum or minimum allowable limits.

    The DTCs associated with this test are DTCs P1400 and P1401.
  1. The EGR vacuum regulator solenoid is continuously tested for opens and shorts. The monitor looks for an EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit voltage that is inconsistent with the EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit commanded output state.

    The DTC associated with this test is DTC P1409.
  1. The test for a stuck open EGR valve or EGR flow at idle is continuously performed whenever at idle (TP sensor indicating closed throttle). The monitor compares the Differential Pressure Feedback EGR circuit voltage at idle to the Differential Pressure Feedback EGR circuit voltage stored during key on engine off to determine if EGR flow is present at idle.

    The DTC associated with this test is DTC P0402.
  1. The differential pressure feedback EGR sensor upstream hose is tested once per drive cycle for disconnect and plugging. The test is performed with EGR valve closed and during a period of acceleration. The PCM will momentarily command the EGR valve closed. The monitor looks for the differential pressure feedback EGR sensor voltage to be inconsistent for a no flow voltage. A voltage increase or decrease during acceleration while the EGR valve is closed may indicate a fault with the signal hose during this test.

    The DTC associated with this test is DTC P1405.
  1. The EGR flow rate test is performed during a steady state when engine speed and load are moderate and EGR vacuum regulator duty cycle is high. The monitor compares the actual Differential Pressure Feedback EGR circuit voltage to a desired EGR flow voltage for that state to determine if EGR flow rate is acceptable or insufficient. This is a system test and may trigger a DTC for any fault causing the EGR system to fail.

    The DTC associated with this test is DTC P0401. DTC P1408 is similar to P0401 but performed during KOER Self-Test conditions.
  1. The MIL is activated after one of the above tests fails on two consecutive drive cycles.
0a01005.gif EGR Vacuum Regulator Solenoid The EGR vacuum regulator solenoid (Figure 88) is an electromagnetic device which is used to regulate the vacuum supply to the EGR valve. The solenoid contains a coil which magnetically controls the position of a disc to regulate the vacuum. As the duty cycle to the coil increases, the vacuum signal passed through the solenoid to the EGR valve also increases. Vacuum not directed to the EGR valve is vented through the solenoid vent to atmosphere. Note that at 0% duty cycle (no electrical signal applied), the EGR vacuum regulator solenoid allows some vacuum to pass, but not enough to open the EGR valve.

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Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Vacuum Regulator Solenoid Removal and Installation
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable (14301). For additional information, refer to Section 414-01 .
  1. Disconnect the vacuum hoses and the EVR solenoid electrical connector.
  1. Remove the two nuts and the EVR solenoid (9J459).
From the looks of the rubber mounting, I would say it's mounted on the cowl (firewall) on the passenger side in the engine compartment.

Please rate as fixya if this helps. Thanks

Feb 24, 2009 | 2001 Ford Escort ZX2

1 Answer

EGR System .....Not Ready


It could take more driving always make sure you have between 1/4 -3/4 tank or monitors cant run has anyone checked to make sure the EGR is functioning? Not just the valve but the EGR system?

Oct 01, 2008 | 1996 Dodge Caravan

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