Tip & How-To about Cars & Trucks
1. Basic technique for driving up and down slopes
Although the manual transmission can satisfy your passion for speed and lower costs, it is not as easy to use as an automatic transmission. Explaining this, the gearbox requires the driver to perform many stages related to taper, brake, throttle, hands, so quite troublesome.
Article 1: Checking the status quo
One of the first things a driver needs to keep in mind when driving up or down a hill is to check the parts: taper, number, front / rear brakes or throttle to make sure all is ready.
Article 2: Performing up and down slopes with some
When driving up or down a hill, use only one number or understand it as "up to which number, then down that number". Even when going downhill, drivers should not go to Mo (0) because this can cause slippery and inefficient road braking.
Article 3: Selecting the appropriate number
Depending on the weight of the cargo or the characteristics of the vehicle, you should select the appropriate number to climb. Take care to reduce the gear if necessary to ensure that you do not get stuck in traffic or stall when you are at zero.
Article 4: Pay attention to downhill turning
In the case of a vehicle going downhill, you should stick to the right side of the road to limit the centrifugal force that pushes the vehicle overturned or may have problems falling due to insufficient braking.
Article 5: Pay attention to long downhill
In the case of long downhill, the car will go faster. Therefore, to ensure safety, drivers need to be ready to use both front / rear brakes, reduce the gear, reduce the throttle and release the clutch.
Article 6: Pay attention to downhill
Steep is also quite dangerous, this is the time when the wheel will touch the bridge and the driver needs to do is stop a little to reduce the number and then continue.
2. Basic automatic driving technique up and down slopes
With the automatic transmission, the driver is somewhat more manipulated simply to control the throttle and brake with the right foot without using the left foot. This equipment requires less work, so drivers do not have to worry about getting into the wrong place or stalling.
Article 1: Do not move the shift lever at all
As recommended by experts, drivers should not move the gear lever by themselves, but let the transmission do so by itself. When climbing, depending on the speed of the vehicle, the gearbox will automatically enter the appropriate gear. Accordingly, the driver should only shift the gear lever to the marked position if the engine brakes or reduce the car's inertia.
Article 2: Pay attention to pause when climbing a slope
In case the vehicle needs to stop momentarily during a steep climb, the driver needs a turn signal, drives the curb, releases the gas and depress the foot brake then pull the parking brake.
When continuing to move, the driver needs to release the foot brake, quickly use the right foot to accelerate the car to move and immediately lower the parking brake. One thing to note is that the brake should not be lowered before starting the throttle, because if you do this, the car may lose brakes or the gearbox will be damaged.
Article 3. Handling when going up a slope and stalling
In this case, the driver needs to release the accelerator, drive the car into the road and use the right foot to brake, pull the hand brake. After seeing that the vehicle has stopped, move the shift lever to P and then restart the engine. Take care not to need a gear in N because the car can drop if the brakes are not good and you have to pull the hand brake before starting the engine again.
Article 4: Do not accelerate / reduce throttle when going uphill
If on slippery roads, drivers should not increase or reduce the throttle, especially in bends. Uneven gaing can result in the rear of the vehicle being thrown out whether the vehicle is equipped with ABS and cars with 1 or 2 rear axles. The brakes only support the driver in the right technique, so if the basic operation is wrong, the driver will push himself into the state of steering loss and danger.
Article 5: Pay attention when stopping on a high slope
While stopping on a steep slope, you should look for rocks or anything heavy to insert into the wheel. This will help reduce the pressure on the gearbox and the brakes.
source : https://daylaixehanoi.vn/bi-kip-lai-xe-o-to-len-xuong-doc-an-toan.html
Posted by hoclaixeot... on
Feb 09, 2015 | Cars & Trucks
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