When trying to wind the bobbin, I must first stop the up/down motion of the needle, and I am unable to do this on my White Model#1418. On the motion wheel , when I hold it with one hand, and try to turn the inner knob, the inner knob will not turn.
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Re: Stop Motion Knob
Dear Jim, I'm sure you have a pair of Channel lock pliers around.Place a fairly thick piece of fabric around the inner knob to keep from scratching it. Grasp it with the pliers while holding the handwheel and turn it to the left. IF you can't hold the wheel to keep it from slipping, place a screwdriver or something else under the needle set screw area, turn the wheel until the set screw is resting against the set screw and then turn the inner knob with the pliers. sewman7
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Look carefully for thread caught around and under the knob. If you can't get it to turn and find no reason why it won't, you can probably delay fixing it until the next time it's due for its yearly "tuneup" (COA, clean/oil/lubricate) by taking the needle out before you wind a bobbin.
Most machines with a bobbin winder on them have a round knob inside of the machines flywheel. That's the wheel that turns when you sew.
TURN the inside knob forward or reverse to lock or unlock the main gears from turning the needle bar in the sewing motion.
slacken the small stop screw and remove the centre free motion knob. the balance wheel should now be free to turn independent of the shaft. you will have exposed the friction washer. clean all surfaces and relocate the washer with the two locating lugs facing outwards into the two slots in the shaft and refit the knob and screw. if the screw bottoms on the friction washer remove knob and turn the friction through 180 degrees and try it again
The stop motion knob on most older sewing machines is very much the same. You should find a small screw on the face of the knob. Loosen this but don't take it all the way out, it is real easy to lose and hard to find a replacement. Loosen it until you can turn the knob counterclockwise past the stop. Now remove the knob and there will be funny shaped washer underneath. Pay attention to how it goes on, you will have to put it back the same way.
Now to the "why" of your problem. The assembly has run dry, no oil, and the hand wheel should turn freely on the center shaft. You may be able to get some oil in with no problem or you may have to remove the motor belt to remove the hand wheel.
I find this a lot on old machines, nothing broken, just no oil.
1 Release the stop-motion knob on the right side of the sewing machine by turning it oward you.2 Place a spool of thread of your choice on the spool pin located toward the back of the sewing machine.3 Pull thread from the spool through the threading knob on the top of the machine.4 Pull 2 to 3 inches of thread through one of the holes on the bobbin. Hand-wrap thread around the bobbin in an anti-clockwise direction five or six times.5 Place the wrapped bobbin on the bobbin spindle.6 Push the winder spindle to the right, against the stopper, and depress the foot pedal to begin winding.7 Wind bobbin until completed, then return winder spindle to its original position.8 Tighten the stop-motion knob.
If the stop motion wheel is stuck and you can't free it the best way to do it is to stand at the end of the machine, get something that looks like a chisel or something that has a flat end even a screwdriver, put the end of the screwdriver in a slot on the left hand side of the stop motion and give it a sharp thump down, it worked for me for years, the only problem you may have is if you do not have any slots or grooves to put the screwdriver in.
Remove the stop motion wheel and you will see another part that is loose(looks kind of like a washer with ears on it). Reposition this on the shaft and put the stop motion wheel back on. The stop motion wheel was too loose and it allowed the washer to fall off the shaft. The screw is nice to have and it keeps the washer from falling off the shaft but it's not absolutely necessary to use the machine. Just be caredul when winding the bobbin. sewman7