What a minute hold the phone here!
Those are Ferrite Iron Choke Coils.
The 'little round cans' with the Red(?) edge on top, are Solid Polymer Capacitors, going around the processor socket.
Those are Ferrite Choke Coils going around the top side of the processor socket, immediately near the copper heat pipe fins. (Black/Square shaped top, rectangular shaped body)
The choke coils, and solid capacitors are part of the Motherboard Voltage Regulator Circuit. These particular ones are for the processor.
The ones down by the Ram Memory slots are also in the Motherboard Voltage Regulator Circuit.
May be for the Ram Memory slots, but easily could also be for the expansion slots, too. (PCI-E x16, PCI-E x1, PCI, etc)
Here is more info on the Motherboard Voltage Regulator Circuit, http://www.hardwaresecrets.com/article/616
So; Are you using the correct voltage ram memory, or have you installed 'performance stuff', and had to change voltage in BIOS Setup?
1) Are you running a graphics card?
2) More than one?
3) Have the proper amount of power, (Wattage and 12 Volt power rail/s)
4) Proper power cables from Power Supply?
4) Same thing for the motherboard;
IF, you are using a Processor that requires a LOT of Wattage, and you are using a graphics card; are you plugging in an 8-pin EPS +12 Volt power cable into the motherboard?
The 8-pin EPS +12 Volt power cable connector, is called an EATX12V power cable connector by Asus. It's up at the top edge of the motherboard, above the top left corner of the processor socket.
Called EATX12V to keep people from confusing it with this power cable,http://www.hardwaresecrets.com/article/616
They are NOT the same;
EATX12V, or EPS +12 Volt power cable; has FOUR Yellow wires.
A Yellow insulated wire is a 12 Volt wire. Black wires are Ground wires.
An 8-pin PCI Express power cable has THREE Yellow wires, and FIVE Black wires.http://www.playtool.com/pages/psuconnectors/connectors.html#atx12v4
BOTH, a 4-pin ATX +12 Volt power cable, and an 8-pin EPS +12 Volt power cable; are power for the PROCESSOR.
Quad-Core, or a processor that uses this much power? 8-pin EPS +12 Volt power cable.
The MAXIMUM amount of Wattage a PCI-Express x16 slot can deliver is 75 Watts.
EACH 6-pin PCI Express power cable is capable of delivering 75 Watts.
Total of 150 Watts available for a graphics card.
An 8-pin PCI Express power cable is capable of delivering 150 Watts by itself.
Use the correct power cable IF needed for the graphics card, and the correct number of them if two are required.
Also; IF you did not have the correct power cables; AND used a power adapter cable, USE all of the required 4-pin Peripheral power cables needed, for that power adapter cable.
I have noted those who did not have TWO 4-pin Peripheral power cables, required for a 6-pin PCI Express adapter power cable.
Just one was available, and just one was used.........
This will result in;
1) PCI Express x16 slot contact pins - Burn
2) Gold plated contact pins on bottom of PCI-Express graphics card -Burn
3) 6-pin PCI Express power cable connection on graphics card - Burns
4) Contact pins in connector for 6-pin PCI Express power cable - Burns
That to me could also result in damage to electronic components, in the Motherboard Voltage Regulator Circuit;
Hence -> Ferrite Iron Choke Coils
Awaiting your response,