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Tension problems (?)

Help! My sewing machine is wacked out! I was trying to sew and the thread kept breaking from the top stich and the bottom stich became loose and tangled in the bobbin area. I would only be able to sew about an inch of fabric before the problem started. The needle would get stuck and not move...and I would literally have to get needle nose pliers out to unsnarl the thread under the needle...what a mess! Not sure if I am explaining this right...I have an older model that has never given me problems...I bought this one in either '94 or '95 and have sewn with it more as a hobby now I am doing a lot of crafting with it. I do occassionally use either rabbit fur or light leather but that has never been an issue until just a few days ago.

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  • cypaez Apr 21, 2009

    I have tried to adjust the tension so many times. Whether I loosen it or tighten it, the thread keeps breaking.

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Well, I could have written this. I bought a used model from a repairman about a year ago. I have a Model 537FA and I'm going to throw it out in the rain leftover from TS Fay if I don't find some kind of help. :) I'm thinking it's a tension issue, but I can't seem to find a fix.

Does your tension on your top thread sometimes tighten to impossible to move in the middle of sewing. I know that mine does this and it causes the top thread to break. I don't know what's causing the bobbin mess.

Maybe someone will help us? Please!

Posted on Aug 24, 2008

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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My pfaff 1475 CD thread is loopy on bottom and breaks on top.


Look very closely at your sample stitching and determine which thread (top or bobbin) is looping and which is breaking. That will narrow down where the problem exists.

A top thread that loops and makes thread "barfs" under the fabric is generally an upper thread tension problem.
Try: Remove the top thread. ALWAYS RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning. Set the upper tension to the midway point (probably will need to tweak this tension depending on your machine).

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Are you saying that the thread is breaking?

CAUSES of upper thread breaking

needle is in backwards
improperly threaded
tension to tight
needle bent or blunt
thread to coarse for size of needle
needle too long for machine
burr on needle
tension discs worn so that thread works in grove
neele too fine for size of thread and fabric
lint or dirt around bobbin case holder
irregular sewing speed
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threads not properly pulled back under pressure foot when starting to sew
This means, Have enough of the upper and lower thread pulled to the back and hold for the first 2-3 stiches,

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