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System error my computer has a missing component: windows/system32/config/system it won't recognise the system restore CD and won't start in safe mode, restore o previous date etc. What do I do?

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That is an operating system error or glitch. You will need to run a repair with the recovery or operating system disc. At start up, press F12 to go to the boot menu, and with the disc in the drive, boot from the CD drive. Then follow the directions. You're going to want to do the repair from the second repair section, after it finds existing operating systems, not the first repair using the recovery console. If the repair doesn't take, then using the same process, you need to delete the existing operating system, reformat the hard drive and install a new operating system. If the hard drive won't format, or if you have any issues during or after the install, then the hard drive has failed and will need replaced.

Posted on Aug 25, 2008

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Saying:/windows/system32/config/system is missing or corrupted n i dnt now how to fix it wut link exactly do i have to download to my usb to fix it n wut r the steps?


Assuming it is windows XP here are the steps to fix that error:
To complete part one, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows XP startup disk into the floppy disk drive, or insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and then restart the computer.
    Click to select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do so.
  2. When the "Welcome to Setup" screen appears, press R to start the Recovery Console.
  3. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console.
  4. When you are prompted to do so, type the Administrator password. If the administrator password is blank, just press ENTER.
  5. At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line:md tmp
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\system c:\windows\tmp\system.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\software c:\windows\tmp\software.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\sam c:\windows\tmp\sam.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\security c:\windows\tmp\security.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\default c:\windows\tmp\default.bak

    delete c:\windows\system32\config\system
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\software
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\security
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\default

    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
  6. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer will restart.
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May 03, 2013 | ASUS Eee PC 2G Surf Notebook

Tip

System Restore Via Recovery Console


<br /> Ever encountered a problem with your computer wherein it gives you an error page saying that a certain file in the registry is missing or corrupt? Unfortunately, with this kind of error, there are times that you are not able to boot into the OS, and therefor you are not able to do a system restore. <br /> If you are using Windows 7 or Vista, you may initiate System Restore via booting into "Repair My Computer" which you can choose via the Advanced Boot Options of Windows. However, what do you do if this does not work, or you are using Windows XP. <br /> Fortunately, there is still a way to be able to restore your system. This involves manually doing the system restore via the recovery console (for XP), and recovery environment (Vista and 7). The only thing that you will need is the OS CD. <br /> Once you have successfully booted into the Recovery Console, type in the commands below and make sure that you press "ENTER" after each line. <br /> <br /> C:\WINDOWS] cd \ C:\] attrib -h-s "system volume information" C:\] Cd "system volume information" C:\system volume information] cd _resto~1 ..._resto~1] dir --- this should list several rp folders [short for restore points] just select second to the last or any of your choice other the the last rp folder ..._resto~1] cd rp# ...rp#] cd snapshot ...snapshot] dir --- the 5 hive files are shown in this format: _registry_machine_software _registry_machine_security _registry_machine_system _registry_machine_sam _registry_user_.default Syntax [Command filename location] ...snapshot] copy _registry_machine_software c:\windows\system32\config\software ...snapshot] copy _registry_machine_system c:\windows\system32\config\system ...snapshot] copy _registry_machine_security c:\windows\system32\config\security ...snapshot] copy _registry_machine_sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam ...snapshot] copy _registry_user_.default c:\windows\system32\config\default ...snapshot] exit <br /> After this, you just need to restart your computer and it should be working fine.

on Jul 25, 2011 | Computers & Internet

Tip

How to do System Restore when the computer doesn't even boot to Safe Mode in...


System Restore is assumed to be the best method to recover the system from Registry or System file errors. Its easy to perform and is effective, no doubt. But what happens when the system doesn't even boot to the desktop, neither in Normal mode, nor in Safe Mode. How do you do a System Restore then. For Vista and Win 7 users, its a piece of cake, since the WinRE provides them the direct option to System Restore from the installation/repair CD. But what for the XP users?

The following method is very useful and serves as a bliss for Windows XP users to recover their system from crashes due to Registry or System file failures. All you need for the method is a Windows XP installation CD. (This is not a re-installation process. All data and settings are intact after the operation.)

Step 1: Boot to the Recovery Console
  • Insert the Windows XP CD into the computer.
  • Turn the computer off.
  • Setup the computer to boot from cd: either by pressing F2, F9 or Delete to go in BIOS and changing the boot sequence or by pressing F12 on Dell computers to launch the Boot Device Menu.
  • As soon as you get the message 'Press any key to boot from the cd', hit enter.
  • Wait for the Windows Setup to initialize
  • At the Welcome to Setup screen press R to repair windows using recovery console.
  • You will be prompted to choose a Windows installation. Press 1 on the top of the keyboard and then press Enter.
  • You will be prompted to enter the Administrator password. Press Enter if no password was set.
Step 2: Accessing the Restore points.
Type the following commands in the Recovery Console.


cd system~1

If you get an Access Denied error:
  • Type the following commands to change the directory to c:windowssystem32config:
    cd windows
    cd system32
    cd config
  • Rename the system branch of the registry. That will allow us to access the system restore folder from inside the Recovery Console. In case the process fails and you want to perform a Windows Repair you will need to rename system.bak to system again.
    ren system system.bak
  • Type exit to leave the recovery console and to restart the computer.
  • Go back into the Recovery Console and repeat Step 2.
cd _resto~1

If the _resto~1 folder exists, inside it there are several folders named RP1, RP2. These are restore points. RP1 is the oldest restore point. You can use dir to view what RP folders are available. If there is no _resto~1 folder or if there are no restore points inside it:
  • Type the following commands:
    cd
    cd windows
    cd system32
    cd config
    copy c:\windows\repair\system system
  • If you are getting a file not found error try:
    copy c:\windows\repair\system.bak system
  • Then type the following :
  • copy c:\windows\repair\security security
  • copy c:\windows\repair\software software
  • copy c:\windows\repair\sam sam
  • copy c:\windows\repair\default default
  • exit
  • You will be able to boot into a altered version of the operating system. Backup your files from the c:Documents and Settings folder and then reinstall the operating system.
Step 3: Choose the most convenient RP folder.
Supposing we have RP3 available let's type in:

cd rp3

Change the directory to snapshot:

cd snapshot

Step 4: Restore the main registry branches.
If you are being asked if you want to overwrite type in y to agree.

copy _registry_machine_system c:\windows\system32\config\system
copy _registry_machine_software c:\windows\system32\config\software


The following commands are most of the time optional however the process might not work if they are not executed

copy _registry_machine_security c:\windows\system32\config\security
copy _registry_machine_sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
copy _registry_user_.default c:\windows\system32\config\default

Type exit to reboot the system. Start the computer normally.

Thanks,
Abhishek

on Mar 22, 2010 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2 Answers

HAL.DLL is missing or corrupted, xp doesn't boot


if it was running for more than 30 hours, it wasn't doing much. You can try copying hal.dll off of a known, good-working XP pc, and replace it with the one on your broken PC. It's better if you extract it from i386 folder but grabbing it from another pc should work fine.

Aug 09, 2012 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3 Answers

I have an hp mini 210-1041nr running win xp and when I start it, the computer tells me Windows\System32\Config\System missing. I tried service pack 3 but it didn't work. Can u please help?


You need to get a Windows XP from someone and follow these instructions:
Windows could not start because the following files is missing or corrupt
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM or \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE

1. Insert and boot from your Windows XP CD.
2. At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
3. Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
Typically this will be #1
4. Enter in the administrator password when requested
5. cd \windows\system32\config
6. Depending on which section was corrupted:
ren software software.bad or ren system system.bad
7. Depending on which section was corrupted
copy \windows\repair\system
copy \windows\repair\software
8. Take out the CD ROM and type exit

If that doesn't work or you can't get into the repair console then With the XP disk you choose to install Windows XP and when you choose to install over the current XP installation you will be given the option to repair the current Windows installation and you won't lose all of your data.

Mar 01, 2011 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Error says file: systemroot\system32\config\system


Can you boot into Safe Mode? Restart the computer and hit the F8 key continually until you get to the Advanced Boot options and choose Safe Mode. Here you can run System Restore. If you can't, then boot off of the Windows XP CD and get to the Recovery Console. Here you would type in chkdsk /f/r and hit enter. The Check Disk utility will try and fix any errors in the file system.

Mar 19, 2010 | Computers & Internet

2 Answers

Hp paviliondv2050us wont start


To complete part one, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows XP startup disk into the floppy disk drive, or insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and then restart the computer.
    Click to select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do so.
  2. When the "Welcome to Setup" screen appears, press R to start the Recovery Console.
  3. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console.
  4. When you are prompted to do so, type the Administrator password. If the administrator password is blank, just press ENTER.
  5. At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: md tmp
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\system c:\windows\tmp\system.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\software c:\windows\tmp\software.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\sam c:\windows\tmp\sam.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\security c:\windows\tmp\security.bak
    copy c:\windows\system32\config\default c:\windows\tmp\default.bak

    delete c:\windows\system32\config\system
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\software
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\security
    delete c:\windows\system32\config\default

    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
  6. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer will restart.
Note This procedure assumes that Windows XP is installed to the C:\Windows folder. Make sure to change it is a different location.

If you have access to another computer, to save time, you can copy the text in step five, and then create a text file called "Regcopy1.txt" (for example). To use this file, run the following command when you start in Recovery Console: batch regcopy1.txtWith the batch command in Recovery Console, you can process all the commands in a text file sequentially. When you use the batch command, you do not have to manually type as many commands. Part two loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); To complete the procedure described in this section, you must be logged on as an administrator, or an administrative user (a user who has an account in the Administrators group). If you are using Windows XP Home Edition, you can log on as an administrative user. If you log on as an administrator, you must first start Windows XP Home Edition in Safe mode. To start the Windows XP Home Edition computer in Safe mode, follow these steps.
  1. Click Start, click Shut Down (or click Turn Off Computer), click Restart, and then click OK (or click Restart).
  2. Press the F8 key.

    On a computer that is configured to start to multiple operating systems, you can press F8 when you see the Startup menu.
  3. Use the arrow keys to select the appropriate Safe mode option, and then press ENTER.
  4. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot system, use the arrow keys to select the installation that you want to access, and then press ENTER.
In part two, you copy the registry files from their backed up location by using System Restore. This folder is not available in Recovery Console. Before you start this procedure, you must change several settings to make the folder visible:
  1. Start Windows Explorer.
  2. On the Tools menu, click Folder options.
  3. Click the View tab.
  4. Under Hidden files and folders, click to select Show hidden files and folders, and then click to clear the Hide protected operating system files (Recommended) check box.
  5. Click Yes when the dialog box that confirms that you want to display these files appears.
  6. Double-click the drive where you installed Windows XP to display a list of the folders. If is important to click the correct drive.
  7. Open the System Volume Information folder. This folder is unavailable and appears dimmed because it is set as a super-hidden folder.
  8. Open a folder that was not created at the current time. You may have to click Details on the View menu to see when these folders were created. There may be one or more folders starting with "RPx under this folder. These are restore points.
  9. Open one of these folders to locate a Snapshot subfolder. The following path is an example of a folder path to the Snapshot folder: C:\System Volume Information\_restore{D86480E3-73EF-47BC-A0EB-A81BE6EE3ED8}\RP1\Snapshot
  10. From the Snapshot folder, copy the following files to the C:\Windows\Tmp folder:
    • _REGISTRY_USER_.DEFAULT
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SECURITY
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SOFTWARE
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM
    • _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SAM
  11. Rename the files in the C:\Windows\Tmp folder as follows:
    • Rename _REGISTRY_USER_.DEFAULT to DEFAULT
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SECURITY to SECURITY
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SOFTWARE to SOFTWARE
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SYSTEM to SYSTEM
    • Rename _REGISTRY_MACHINE_SAM to SAM
These files are the backed up registry files from System Restore. .

Part Three loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation'); In part three, you delete the existing registry files, and then copy the System Restore Registry files to the C:\Windows\System32\Config folder:
  1. Start Recovery Console.
  2. At the command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: del c:\windows\system32\config\sam

    del c:\windows\system32\config\security

    del c:\windows\system32\config\software

    del c:\windows\system32\config\default

    del c:\windows\system32\config\system

    copy c:\windows\tmp\software c:\windows\system32\config\software

    copy c:\windows\tmp\system c:\windows\system32\config\system

    copy c:\windows\tmp\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam

    copy c:\windows\tmp\security c:\windows\system32\config\security

    copy c:\windows\tmp\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
    Note Some of these command lines may be wrapped for readability.
  3. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer restarts.
Note This procedure assumes that Windows XP is installed to the C:\Windows folder.

If you have access to another computer, to save time, you can copy the text in step two, and then create a text file called "Regcopy2.txt" (for example). To use this file, run the following command when you start in Recovery Console:
batch regcopy2.txt Part Four Click Start, and click All Programs. Click Accessories, click System Tools. Click System Restore, click Restore to a previous RestorePoint.

Jul 21, 2009 | Computers & Internet

2 Answers

Windows XP Missing configuration?


Sounds like you may have bad RAM. Try removing all of the RAM modules on your motherboard and put only one in the first slot. Start the computer and see if it works.

Jun 17, 2009 | HP L1706 17" LCD Monitor

1 Answer

Get an error message that windows would not start missin or corrupt windows\system32\config\system


you can use system restore to solve this problem .
try to restore your system to an earlier working restore point.
this will fix your problem.

Apr 22, 2009 | Acer Aspire One Netbook 8.9" Notebook

1 Answer

\windows\system32\config\system missing or corrupt


You can do a refresh of your Windows OS, if you have Windows XP. You need to boot to your XP CD and do a repair. This will only restore the Windows OS files and you will not lose your personal data.

This should help. please rate my response.

Feb 17, 2009 | Gateway MX6440 Notebook

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