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What is the difference between “Auto” and “TTL” in the flash setting?

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Standard TTL can be used with any type of Nikkor lens. In standard D-TTL flash, automatic flash output level compensation is not available. This means that even though the main subject is correctly exposed, the background may not be. Standard D-TTL flash is useful when you want to highlight the main subject or perform flash exposure compensation. D-3D Multi sensor balanced fill-flash together with D-multi sensor balanced fill flash is called Automatic Balanced Fill flash with TTL multi sensor. What this does is it performs a balanced metering that uses multi pattern photometering information to provide a balance between the main subject and the background light. The difference between the D-3D multi sensor and the D-multi sensor is that one is used with D or G type lenses (D-3D) and the other is used with non-D or G type lenses.

Posted on Aug 29, 2005


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Ttl auto does not work

Digital Camera Fully Compatible, Newly Developed S-TTL System "S-TTL" enables TTL auto shooting by an external strobe for a digital SLR camera as well as for a point & shoot digital camera.
INON S-TTL auto strobe supports any manufactures' model providing highly accurate exposure control.
Film camera era without strobe selection problem TTL stands for "Through The Lens" and TTL auto strobe system controls flash amount to provide correct exposure based on calculation by camera's internal sensor metering reflecting strobe light from a subject through the lens. This TTL system meters actual light amount reflecting from a subject providing accurate exposure.
When we start with the history of underwater TTL auto strobe, underwater camera?"NIKONOS V" released in 1984 was the first to provide automatic TTL flash control for underwater strobe SB-102, SB-103 succeeded by NIKONOS V compatible underwater strobes form other manufactures. The 5 pin electrical sync connector for NIKONOS V is most popular and widely adopted to connect an underwater strobe and underwater film camera (underwater camera/housing).
A film SLR camera has flexibility to select an underwater strobe. As far as housing has NIKONOS type electrical sync connector and properly wired, automatic TTL flash control is usable with any TTL auto strobe like Nikon SB-105, INON Z-220, Z-22 connected via electrical sync cable.
NIKONOS type 5 pin electrical sync connector and NIKONOS V with INON Z-22 strobe
Film camera compatible strobe is not usable for a digital camera!? Underwater TTL strobe circumstances have been drastically altered with the spread of digital camera among divers. Some underwater housing for digital SLR camera has NIKONOS type electrical 5 pin sync connector as same as film camera housing. Since the housing has same NIKONOS type sync connector, existing film camera compatible underwater strobe has been considered compatible with a digital SLR camera via 5 pin sync cable but happened to experience error message on the digital camera or blackout on an image even the strobe worked. Why this happened?
This is because automatic TTL strobe system difference between a film camera and a digital camera.

The film TTL auto system makes single flash while digital TTL auto system employs pre-flash type making two to three flashes. Film TTL auto strobe system starts firing at the same time the shutter opens and reflecting strobe light from a subject is recived at a film. The reflecting light on the film is metered by the sensor to determine when to cease firing for correct exposure. This process takes only about 1/1000 second.
In contrast, digital TTL auto strobe system can not calculate adequate exposure based on reflecting light from a subject since image sensor (CCD/CMOS) reflectivity is comparably low comparing to a film. So digital TTL strobe system gives preliminary flash for very short period of time (pre-flash) just before the shutter opens metering reflecting light from a subject by the sensor to calculate necessary amount of light for correct exposure and starts emitting main flash at the same time the shutter opens. Canon E-TTL and Nikon i-TTL employs this system.

When we connect conventional film camera compatible TTL strobe to pre-flash type digital SLR via sync cable, the strobe makes full dump by pre-flash signal then the shutter opens before the strobe has been fully charged resulting in quite under exposed image only with ambient light. Even two time flash compatible strobe like INON Z-220 strobe, does not fully support a digital TTL and force to use Manual flash mode.

Film SLR:
A strobe starts firing at the same time the shutter opens and quenches firing when correct exposure has been obtained.
A film compatible TTL strobe connected to a pre-flash type digital SLR via electrical cable flashes does not support TTL auto exposure resulting in synchronization only with first pre-flash or totally uncontrollable.
The birth of digital fully compatible S-TTL S-TTL auto compatible INON D-2000 strobe and Z-240 strobe works in TTL auto mode by simply setting their main dial to S-TTL position. A film camera seems to depend more on photographer's skill, experience and feel since the camera does not allow checking images on site. A digital camera allows us to check images right after shooting and enable to try to shoot again as much as we like. And high capacity memory card further allows to shoot hundreds of images. The digital camera makes entry level of underwater photography getting down and nowadays more people buy a digital SLR camera and underwater housing even they have just started underwater photography. However underwater photography gets more difficult because underwater strobe does not work in TTL auto.
INON is among the first to support digital TTL auto system with "S-TTL" auto mode equipped D-2000 strobe and Z-240 strobe.
The proper name of S-TTL is "Optical Synch TTL". S-TTL enables to perform in TTL auto exposure as same as genuine TTL strobe from camera manufacture, based on camera's built-in flash light to use as a signal to be transmitted to a strobe. S-TTL uses digital camera's built-in flash light not as a light source but as like a controller to trigger S-TTL strobe.
The built-in flash of a digital camera makes weak flash (pre-flash) before main-flash to calculate exposure. This pre-flash is transmitted to S-TTL strobe to control the strobe to make pre-flash to a subject. The reflecting light from the subject goes through the camera's master lens to an image sensor then a processor calculates main flash light amount for correct exposure.?Finally the built-in flash makes main-flash which is transmitted to the S-TTL strobe to cause main-flash of the S-TTL strobe.

Digital camera's built-in flash lights are transmitted via an optical fiber to the
S-TTL strobe to make pre-flash and main-flash instead of the built-in flash.

Apr 30, 2010 | Olympus FL-20 TTL Flash

2 Answers

Flash zoom function not working

have you checked that the diffuser is pushed fully home in its slot until you hear a click - this diffuser is for close-up work only and dissables the zoom flash

Feb 02, 2010 | Nikon Speedlight SB-800 TTL Flash

1 Answer

How to set the flash auto mode

The Canon 550 can't be set to auto.
Its shoot ETTL or manual only.

Dec 30, 2009 | Canon Speedlite 550EX TTL Flash

1 Answer

Won't flash when connected to my Nikon D80???

Set the settings to TTL for both the camera and the flash

Jun 27, 2009 | Sunpak Auto 555 TTL Flash

2 Answers

My sb 600 fires with the camera but it seems not illuminate

Definately a settings problem. The camera will only syncronize on one specific speed. Youe best bet is to use auto. For manual, you'll have to set the shutter speed at the sync speed.

Flash Sync Speed
  • up to 1/250 X-Sync Speed
  • up to 1/8000 FP High Speed Sync
  • Red-eye reduction
    Red-eye reduction with slow sync
    Rear-curtain sync
    Slow sync
    Front-curtain sync (normal) Flash Sync Modes
  • 1) i-TTL: TTL flash control by 1,005-pixel RGB sensor, built-in flash, SB-800, SB-600, SB-400: i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL flash
    2) AA (Auto Aperture-type) flash: Available with SB-800 used with CPU lens
    3) Non-TTL Auto: Available with Speedlights such as SB-800, 28, 27, and 22S
    4) Range-priority manual flash; available with SB-800 Flash Control
  • Mar 13, 2009 | Nikon Speedlight SB-600 TTL Flash

    2 Answers

    Automatic zoom

    auto zoom will only work while the build-in wide-flash adapter is slided inside.

    Apr 05, 2008 | Nikon Speedlight SB-600 TTL Flash

    1 Answer

    Flash on ist DL

    Looks like its true... Another major disadvantage. Removing TTL means removing one more hardware piece - TTL sensor. Pentax removed almost every nice feature, which needs some aditional or more expensive hardware: no TTL flash, less AF points, pentamirror... Seems like I bought Ds right in time.

    Sep 08, 2005 | Pentax *ist DL Digital Camera

    1 Answer

    Built-in flash and an external flash simultaneously

    Yes, please see the following table: Optional Flash Flash Control Mode Capacity FL-50 TTL Auto (Super FP flash)/ TTL Auto/ Auto/ Manual/ Manual (Super FP flash) The FL-50 flash can be connected with the E-300 camera through flash power grip: FP-1 and flash cable: FL-CB05. FL-40 Auto/ Manual The external flash cannot be used with the built-in flash. * Only Auto and Manual mode can be set in the concurrent use of FL-40 and the built-in flash. (For their specification design, E-300 and FL-40 can not communicate in TTL Auto and R-TTL Auto modes.) FL-36 TTL Auto (Super FP flash)/ TTL Auto/ Auto/ Manual/ Manual (Super FP flash) The external flash can be used with the built-in flash.

    Sep 04, 2005 | Olympus EVOLT E-300 Digital Camera

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