Question about Elna Sewing Machines

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Top and bottom threads do not overlap and catch to make stitch

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  • Elna Master
  • 1,129 Answers

Simpliest thing could be that the needle is in backwards - check it - flat shank to the back.

Or timing is out, ie. when the rotary hook goes around it needs to be timed to when the needle is at its lowest point so that the hook catches the thread at the back of the needle.

Has it jut happened after a jam up/rethreading ? If so, rethread everything, new needle and try again.

If no change to lack of stitching then sounds like timing is off - generally means take it to a professional for repair.

Posted on Apr 05, 2011

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White on top means that the top tension isn't right some how. Now that can be because it wasn't threaded properly with the foot in the up position... or it could mean that you've got the little thread catcher **** on your spool catching the thread and causing problems. Sometimes if it catches it will wind a few layers of thread around the thread spindle the spools sits on. That isn't readily notice until you get mad and pull the spool off.... and finally see it. LOL

Carefully examine the path of the upper thread too.

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I had my machine in the closet for 5 years and now need to sew a hem on my cotton pants. What should the settings be set at? Right now it is at a 4 and the stitch length is a 2 1/2. The thread is too...


If your machine has been stored for 5 years, you should give it a good clean and oil according to the manual before you do anything else. Then put in a new needle and wind a fresh bobbin, checking that the bobbin has been wound smoothly as a badly wound bobbin can cause poor tension and stitching from the bottom thread.

You want the thread to go from the spool through a tension disc or eyelet to the bobbin and keep some gentle tension onto the thread spool using your scissors handle or similar so that the thread winds off it smoothly and the spool doesn't bounce around. Also give the thread a nudge with your finger tip as it winds onto the bobbin so it fills evenly, top, middle and bottom, not all in the middle.

Are you wanting a straight stitch to sew around the hemline? If so, your stitch length is right, but stitch width should be zero. You don't say what knob is set to 4, if its your top tension then that should be close, usually between 4 and 6 if dial goes from zero to 10.

Which thread is too tight? top or bottom. Firstly check the threading path to ensure that the top thread isn't catching on anything, is through the take up lever properly and coming from the thread spool without catching there. Some thread spools have a little knick in the top where you can catch the thread to store it, but you dont' want the thread to catch here when seaming, so turn it around the other way on the spool so it can't.

Try test stitching a medium zig zag stitch on scrap fabric, and you'll be able to see if the bottom thread is pulling in or the top one, then adjust the tension dial a little to lessen this.

Hope these pointers help, if you can't get a good neat stitch after trying these things, then consider taking it for a clean and service, the technician can get inside and clean the machine thoroughly and also check for any other issues that might be there.

Apr 30, 2011 | Singer 57815 Mechanical Sewing Machine

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Bobbin thread keeps knotting


1. Do you mean that there are knots in the bobbin thread?
2. Is the bottom thread in your stitching looping and knotting.

If yes to 1. you need to rewind your bobbin fresh, and keep slight tension on the thread reel that you are winding it from. Put the handle of your scissors into the top of the reel to apply a gentle pressure while winding. Keep your eye on the bobbin as it winds and give it a nudge with a finger tip to ensure it winds the bobbin evenly top, middle and bottom.

If yes to 2, then you need to check your bobbin threading, is the thread even under tension. Is the bobbin tension set correctly. Break out your manual and revisit this to ensure it is set correctly.

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Hi! Check that you installed the new needle correctly. There is a flat side on the needle shank and that has to be facing the rear (away from you) on this machine in order for the top thread to catch the bobbin thread and make a stitch.


Let me know if this works, ok?


Robbie

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Mono thread can develop a memory and curl itself around things. I hate the stuff.

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