Question about Toshiba Satellite 2410-S205 Notebook

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Error on startup: Windows could not start because the followiing file is missing or corrupt: \windows\system32\config\system. You can attempt to repair this file by starting windoes setup using the original Setup CD-ROM. Select 'r' at the first screen to start repair. I have the Setup CD-ROM in the drive and select 'r' but it returns to the same error message.

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  • 62 Answers

Verify that you are using the original windows operating system reinstallation CD and not a recovery or restore disk. you will need to boot from the OS CD by changing the boot configuration in BIOS which will prompt you to press any key to boot from CD. let the files load and once you get to the welcome page press enter. It will prompt you to choose which windows installation you want to log on to press 1 then enter. it should prompt you to put in the administrator password. if you did not setup the hidden administrator with a password just press enter. on the command prompt type cd \ then hit enter to go to the C:\ prompt. type in CD "system volume information".type in CD _resto~1. type DIR and check the number for the last RP folder. type in CD RP(last RP#) . type in CD snapshot. type "copy system c:\windows\system32\config" then enter. reboot.

Posted on Mar 31, 2011

  • kmunley Mar 31, 2011

    Rxmagic,

    It is an original XP CD. I never get a press any key to boot screen. The error appears in less than a minute and there is indication, lights or sound, that the hard drive is being accessed.

    Thanks

  • Ruel Alejandrino Mar 31, 2011

    if your not getting the "press any key" screen that means its not booting from the CD. if possible try booting from another operating system CD even if its a different OS version or any bootable CD to test if the CD or the CD drive that has a problem. Check the CD for any damage.

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Do not press r at the first startup screen, allow it to continue all the way through. When it gets to the point where its going to reinstall it should say searching for previous windows installations and ask you if you wish to repair it. Click yes and it will do just that

Posted on Mar 30, 2011

  • 1 more comment 
  • kmunley Mar 31, 2011

    macvernal,

    Thanks for your help.

    There is no startup screen displayed. The first screen is the error message. The error appears within a minute of hitting the power button and the hard drive shows not lights or sound indicating access.

  • Vernal McIntosh
    Vernal McIntosh Mar 31, 2011

    Some motherboard Bios for same strange reason the way the CD is accessed, never show that message. If you have enabled the CD as the first boot drive and it appears as if its reading or hanging, press any key around the same time you would as if the message to boot had been displayed

  • Vernal McIntosh
    Vernal McIntosh Mar 31, 2011

    By message, I mean the press any key to boot CD, the system is waiting for you to press the key, but it doesn't display the message on some systems

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Theres a corrupt file already in your system and needs to reformat and setup, this is the best solution for this one because this can be a cause of virus, even with the recovery cd the virus will still function so the best thing to do is to format and setup it again:
heres how to do the setup:

1. insert the windows XP, VIsta or 7 CD
2. upon turning on the laptop, wait for the press any key to boot from CD, then press any key.
3. the setup will now open, follow the steps of the setup afterfards.

if your laptop first boot is not the CD then enter the bios setup by pressing F2 or Del when powering ON the laptop then goto to Boot Device priority menu. set the first boot to be the CD or DVD Rom.


Good Luck!

Posted on Mar 31, 2011

  • kmunley Mar 31, 2011

    Romyfats,

    Thanks for the help.

    The laptop never gets to the any key to boot from the CD. The error message appears in less than a minute and there is not light or sound that indicates acessing the hard drive.

    Thanks.

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I have an evo n610c and it started up with a message that says, "Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM You can attempt to repair thi


To repair missing or corrupted system file/s, boot up with the Windows installation CD then - Press R to repair when instructed. Press 1 or Enter to repair the C:\Windows folder. Then type chkdsk /r and then press Enter. The repair process will take quite a long time.

Feb 15, 2013 | HP Compaq Evo n610c Notebook

Tip

How To Fixed Corrupted or Missing \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG


If you get the error:
Windows could not start because the following files is missing or corrupt
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM or \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE
  1. Insert and boot from your WindowsXP CD.
  2. At the first R=Repair option, press the R key
  3. Press the number that corresponds to the correct location for the installation of Windows you want to repair.
    Typically this will be #1
  4. Enter in the administrator password when requested
  5. cd \windows\system32\config
  6. Depending on which section was corrupted:
    ren software software.bad or ren system system.bad
  7. Depending on which section was corrupted
    copy \windows\repair\system
    copy \windows\repair\software
  8. Take out the CD ROM and type exit

on Sep 20, 2010 | Computers & Internet

Tip

Boot problems and their possible causes & resolutions


Symptoms:
Black screen
"Invalid Partition Table"
"Error loading operating system"
"Missing operating system"


Cause:
Corrupt Master Boot Record (MBR)

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixmbr" to repair the MBR

--

Symptoms:
"A disk read error occurred"
"NTLDR is missing"
"NTLDR is compressed"


Cause:
Corrupt boot sector

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixboot" to repair the boot sector

--

Symptoms:
"BOOT.INI is missing or corrupt"
"Boot device inaccessible"
"Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
<Windows root>\system32\hal.dll"


Cause:
BOOT.INI missing, corrupt or out of date as a partition has been inserted

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "bootcfg /rebuild" to repair the BOOT.INI

--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM"


Cause:
Corrupt/missing system hive

Resolution:
1. Boot into Recovery Console and run "chkdsk C: /f" to check the system disk for errors and fix them, then reboot.
2. If the error continues and System Restore is enabled, copy the system hive from the last restore point into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
3. If the error continues, copy the system hive from \WINDOWS\REPAIR into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
4. If the error continues, perform a repair installation by booting from the Windows installation media


--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk, Check boot path and disk hardware."


Cause:
Boot volume (with Windows folder) is not accessible as defined in BOOT.INI

Resolution:
Check the boot volume is accessible

--

Symptoms:
Dual-boot 32-bit Windows and 64-bit Windows system reports "NTOSKRNL.EXE is corrupt" trying to boot into 64-bit Windows

Cause:
System volume contains an older boot loader than the boot volume requires - e.g. XP SP2 installed after XP x64

Resolution:
Copy NTDETECT.COM and NTLDR from XP x64 installation media to the root of the system volume

on May 03, 2010 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Following files missing or corrupt: \windows\system32\config\system


Well this means one of important files needed to start Windows is corrupted (it's a registry file).
I'd recommend repairing Windows installation. If you have Windows XP and also the Original Windows CD follow: this guide.

Dec 31, 2011 | Dell OptiPlex 740 (BPCW6TT) PC Desktop

1 Answer

I have a asus eeepc 900 netbook.suddenly it stop booting & everytime showing"windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:Windows/system32/config/system.You can attempt to...


Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
/WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/CONFIG/SYSTEM
You can attempt to repair this file by starting Windows Setup using the original Setup CD-ROM
Select “r” at the first screen to repair

So then i click r at the first screen and nothing happens...It keeps on repeating to repair on and on with the same message after i clicked r. I can't even access to the window...what can i do???

Jun 15, 2010 | ASUS m6n Notebook

3 Answers

When I turn on the 1525 Dell laptop...a screen comes up saying windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt.windowssystem32configsystem. The page then suggests attempt to repair...


it is nothing but windows registry error. do one thing in another pc download the Hiren's boot cd from internet, write that file in a cd, try to boot from that cd & repair the registry. otherwise just format the operating system & reload the OS.

Jan 10, 2010 | Dell Inspiron 1525 Notebook

1 Answer

My tecra 8000 fails to boot cannot find config sys


Originally Posted by Don this problem occurs when you try to update drivers in the computer..sometimes windows XP cannot update the driver and that corrupts system.ini file as it has a lot of bad entries..Due to this you will get this error mesage..No its not due to virus.its due to an attempt to change system.ini file

Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM

That means the System Registry Hive has become corrupted.

There are two ways to get back up and running. The easy way which doesn't always work, and then there is the hard way.

Easy Way --- Note that this doesn't always work.
When you are booting your system, press the F8 key during the start of the bootup sequence, meaning after it does the Power On Self Test.

Once you press the F8 key, you will be taken to a Menu. Select "Boot Using Last Known Good Configuration".

It will now attempt to load Windows XP using a past set of configuration files.

If that doesn't work, there is the next step....the hard way.

Hard Way
Boot your system with the Windows XP Install CD, let the system boot into the Setup. Once in the Setup, choose to run the Recovery Console2.gif.

You will now be presented with a screen similar to good old DOS.

First, we will recover the System Hive.

Now, type in the following commands with pressing Enter after each line.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\system C:\windows\tmp\system.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\system
copy C:\windows\repair\system C:\windows\system32\config\system

Be very careful when you are typing in these commands, one wrong move, and you have, broken Windows XP.

Also, change the C in the commands to whatever your Windows XP drive letter is.

Attempt to boot the system, if it doesn't boot, get back into the Recovery Console and do the following commands.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\software C:\windows\tmp\software.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\software
copy C:\windows\repair\software C:\windows\system32\config\software

Aug 22, 2009 | Toshiba Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Having problems with my compaq Persario 2500


this problem occurs when you try to update drivers in the computer..sometimes windows XP cannot update the driver and that corrupts system.ini file as it has a lot of bad entries..Due to this you will get this error mesage..No its not due to virus.its due to an attempt to change system.ini file

Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM

That means the System Registry Hive has become corrupted.

There are two ways to get back up and running. The easy way which doesn't always work, and then there is the hard way.

Easy Way --- Note that this doesn't always work.
When you are booting your system, press the F8 key during the start of the bootup sequence, meaning after it does the Power On Self Test.

Once you press the F8 key, you will be taken to a Menu. Select "Boot Using Last Known Good Configuration".

It will now attempt to load Windows XP using a past set of configuration files.

If that doesn't work, there is the next step....the hard way.

Hard Way
Boot your system with the Windows XP Install CD, let the system boot into the Setup. Once in the Setup, choose to run the Recovery Console.

You will now be presented with a screen similar to good old DOS.

First, we will recover the System Hive.

Now, type in the following commands with pressing Enter after each line.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\system C:\windows\tmp\system.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\system
copy C:\windows\repair\system C:\windows\system32\config\system

Be very careful when you are typing in these commands, one wrong move, and you have, broken Windows XP.

Also, change the C in the commands to whatever your Windows XP drive letter is.

Attempt to boot the system, if it doesn't boot, get back into the Recovery Console and do the following commands.

md tmp
copy C:\windows\system32\config\software C:\windows\tmp\software.bak
delete C:\windows\system32\config\software
copy C:\windows\repair\software C:\windows\system32\config\software

Oct 11, 2007 | HP Compaq Presario 2500 HP Pavilion ZE...

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