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My zig zag stitch is puckering fabric. I even went to the multiple zig zag, same problem. I decreased tension. What should I have double. Note: this was on single layer, along edge of fabric so I could laundry before cutting quilt pieces.

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Check the bobbin tension too. It could be too tight. Make sure you are using the right size needle for the material as well. Sheer, thin fabric needs a smaller needle, thicker material requires bigger needles. Bobbin tension is the typical problem as most think to adjust the top tension but don't check the bobbin tension.

Is your quilt peices cotton? Cotton shouldn't cause as much trouble sewing along the edge but don't use too long of a stitch length else it will seem to gather up. Puckering side to side however is a tension problem usually. With sheerer fabrics that cause a problem sometimes you can put thin paper underneath, sew through both and then pull the paper off after sewing. (thin like the iron on type interfacing type fabric but like paper).

Posted on Mar 25, 2011

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Cant get tension correct when zig zag on really strechy material


Be sure you are using a ball-point needle. Try setting the upper tension looser. You also may need to increase the presser foot pressure on your machine (consult your owner's manual if you don't know how to do this). Using a closed-toe presser foot (vs an open-toe embroidery foot) may help control the fabric and prevent it from puckering under the needle. Also, reducing the width of the zig-zag may be helpful.

Some sewing machines have an overlock presser foot. Effectively, there is a thin piece of metal in the center of the presser foot. The needle will straddle that piece of metal in a zig-zag so the upper thread has a little bit of slack in each stitch that will let the fabric lie flat. It is a very nice tool to have especially when zig-zag finishing raw edges too.
https://www.amazon.com/Janome-Top-Load-Overedge-Foot-Brush/dp/B00KCWB2SA

C9store overlock presser foot how to video

Some sewists will increase the fabric's "body" by inserting a layer of wash-away or tear-away stabilizer. If it is only a small project, a piece of paper added to the seam (like adding machine paper) will help stabilize the fabric.

One last thing to try would be loosening the bobbin tension. However, there is a reason it is the last effort, because most sewists are uncertain about messing with the bobbin and it is also requires "minute" adjustments to effect a big change.

How can properly adjust my tension

Understanding Bobbin Tension

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Jun 18, 2016 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

ZIGZAG STITCH PUCKERS MATERIAL


Most sewing machines will cause puckering when zig-zaging, especially when sewing light-weight fabric like chiffon, etc. Try a brand new needle. You can try narrowing the zig-zag so there is not such a large gap between the left & right swing. Can also try loosening the tension a bit so the thread is not pulling so tightly. Another possibility (if your machine has the capability) is to increase the presser foot pressure so there is more pressure applied between the presser foot and the feed dogs. Or, try using a layer of wash-away stabilizer or clean (unused) newsprint paper with the fabric to help give it some stability.

How to Adjust Sewing Machine Tension on Craftsy

How to Prevent Your Sewing Machine from Puckering Fabric Howcast

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/alt.sewing/AOhNY36JOa0

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May 22, 2016 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

Elna machine puckers silk on zig zag stitching, Elna 2007


Yes, because a zig zag stitch is creating a wide stitch and the tension on the thread is going to pull the fabric within the seam together, you can't seam thin fabric with a wide zig zag. It will "tunnel together". If you are using this stitch to neaten a raw edge, then try using the serpentine or three step zig zag where the needle pierces the fabric 3 times in each leg of the zig zag, this will give better results.

Jul 07, 2015 | Elna Sewing Machines

2 Answers

How to adjust the bobbin tension.


According to the manual, you should not need to adjust the bobbin tension (and I located other sites which stated the bobbin tension cannot be adjusted on this machine). Apparently, all the tension adjustment is accomplished through the upper thread::
"EN Thread Tension Upper thread tension Basic thread tension setting: "4". (1) To increase the tension, turn the dial to the next number up. To reduce the tension, turn the dial to the next number down. A. Normal thread tension for straight stitch sewing. B. Thread tension too loose for straight stitch sewing. Turn dial to higher number. C. Thread tension too tight for straight stitch sewing. Turn dial to lower number. D. Normal thread tension for zig zag and decorative sewing. Correct thread tension is when a small amount of the upper thread appears on the bottom side of fabric. Lower thread tension The bobbin tension has been set correctly at the factory, so you do not need to adjust it. Please note: - Proper tension setting is important for strong seams. - There is no single tension setting appropriate for all stitch functions, thread or fabric. - A balanced tension (identical stitches both top and bottom) is usually only desirable for straight stitch construction sewing. - 90% of all sewing will be between "3" and "5". - For zig zag and decorative sewing stitch functions, thread tension should generally be less than for straight stitch sewing. - For all decorative sewing you will always obtain a nicer stitch and less fabric puckering when the upper thread appears on the bottom side of your fabric. 1 A B C 22 D"

Doing further research, I found this statement on a machine review site:
"After reading reviews online from where I've bought my drop-in bobbin machines, I think many of the negative reviews are due to the bobbin thread coming up without laying across the bobbin. It can cause the stitches to look very sloppy and no amount of tension adjusting can fix the stitches."

There are several machine review sites wherein 4423 owners stated their disappointment in the 4423's performance. Some said the machine failed almost immediately and others said the machines developed problems when sewing heavy fabric.

Apr 26, 2015 | Singer 4423 Sewing Machine

1 Answer

Raw edge zig zag stitch bunching underneath


When zig zagging over a raw edge, the tension on the thread will pull in the fabric, especially in lightweight cottons or even lighter organza. Its not the best edging method for very light weight fabrics. You can try using a smaller zig zag, loosening off the top tension a little bit. Or if your machine has it, use the triple zig zag or serpentine stitch, where the needle goes through the fabric three times to make up each zig stitch, this stitch is better for edging most fabrics and is my preferred stitch.

Sep 26, 2014 | Elna 3210 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

My singer cg 590 c puckers when I zigzag and sometimes when I sew straight seams


a wide zig-zag on a light weight fabric single layer is almost guaranteed to pucker up, just because the thread is under tension and this is often stronger than the fabric being pulled together by the stitches.

However, if a straight seam is puckering, this could be caused by a blunt needle, too big needle, or too tight tension or too long stitch length. You should be able to vary some of these variables to reduce the puckering and improve the stitch appearance. Other things to check might be the top thread being caught up somewhere in the thread path and pulling on the stitching.

If I am finishing the cut edge of aa single layer of light weight fabric I would use a three step zigzag to hold the fabric firmly and neatly.

Hope this helps a little?

Mar 29, 2011 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

I have a 1970's? singer and the top stitch is ok but the bottom stitch is very loose then binds up I have tried putting another bobbin in but nothing seems to work. Thank you


Check the threading and tension on the top thread. It is the one that affects the stitch on the bottom. It may be hung up somewhere if it's not threaded correctly or the tension might be too tight. Also double check the size of your needle and make sure it is correct for the type of fabric. Most likely it is the tension. Double check the tension by sewing a wide zig zag stitch and examining the top and under side to see if they look identical and not puckered or too loose.

Mar 28, 2011 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Tension problem using zigzag stitch


Most likely the fabric is too light weight to sustain the thread tension using a wide zig-zag stitch. Tunneling will occur in this case.

Loosening the tension (top & bobbin) could also be beneficial.

Sometimes the machine has a special foot (sometimes called overlock) that will help. However, using something to add more body to the fabric, like a wash-away or tear-away fabric stabilizer to the seam or even adding paper will help limit tunneling. Sometimes heavy starch applied to the seamline before stitching will be helpful.

tunneling when zigzagging Threads Magazine Gatherings Forum Sewing...

zigzag stitch troubleshoot

May 08, 2017 | Kenmore 19233 Computerized Sewing Machine

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