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What are the specks for constructing metal framing in comerical buildings?

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The specs. are all different, depending on the area of the country that you are in and the municipality and the preferences of the code neforcement officer...

To get the answer to this questions properly, you need to contact your code enforcement officer and have them tell you what they want you to do, so that you can get everything inspected properly and passed.


Posted on Mar 12, 2011

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SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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Which wall system will be the best option to choose for my new home? Please suggest me some.

There are varieties of wall system available according to your taste and the location of your house. Some of the wall system You can choose from are:
1. Earth wall system: The main advantages of earth construction are thermal mass. The thick wall of a rammed earth home makes it less susceptible to the effect of extreme outdoor air temperatures.
2. Manufactured wood walls: Manufactured wood wall systems are similar to traditional wood framing.
3. Straw bale walls: Straw bale construction uses baled straw from wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice and other grains to build walls, which are then covered with plaster.
4. Post and beam: Post and beam construction provides the structural components of the building.
You can refer Ontario Home Builders for more details and options.

Jun 09, 2017 | Option Computers & Internet


Safe Construction Tips

<span>Transformation of soil from a solid state to a liquid state as a consequence of increased pressure and differential settlement of footings is known as soil liquefaction.<br /><br />The features to be considered at the stage of architectural planning and structural design of buildings for protection against earthquakes are:<br /><br />. a) Building configuration<br />b) Foundation<br />c) Control on openings in walls<br />d) Reinforced concrete bands in masonry buildings.<br />e) Vertical reinforcement.<br /><br /><br />Protection measures against floods are:<br /><br />i) Residing on river banks and slopes on river banks should be avoided.<br />ii) Buildings should be built at 250 metres away from the sea coast/river banks.<br />iii) To build proper drainage system in all flood prone areas.<br />iv) To construct the whole village or settlement on a raised platform higher than the high flood level.<br />v) To construct the building with a plinth level higher than the known high flood level.<br /><br /><br />The measures adopted to control land degradation in different areas of our country are:<br /><br />i) Soil erosion in hilly areas can be checked by construction of terraces for farming.<br />ii) Plugging of gullies by construction of check dams.<br />iii) A forestation can control soil erosion on slopes.<br />iv) In arid areas preparation of shelter belts of plants control over - grazing by animals and growing thorny bushes to stabilize the sand dunes.<br />v) In semi-arid areas, moistures conservation, weed control and proper management of waste land.<br />vi) Control of mining activities are some of the methods to curb land degradation.<br /><br />. Industries cause water pollution by:<br /><br />i) The industrial effluents that are discharged into rivers. They are both organic and inorganic.<br />ii) The principal industries which create water pollution are paper pulp, textiles, chemical, petroleum, tannery, etc.<br /><br /><br />The damaging effects of earthquakes on the ground are<br /><br />i) Soil failures such as liquefaction and landslides caused by shaking.<br />ii) Tidal waves (Tsunami) i.e. large waves on the surface of water bodies, that can cause major damage to shoreline areas.<br /><br /><br />Two facts which should be borne in mind while selecting a site for a building in coastal areas are:<br />i) To build at least 250 metres away from the sea coast.<br />ii) Where houses can be built with a plinth level higher than the known high flood level.<br /><br /><br />Ground movements caused by earthquakes can have several types of damaging effect such as:<br /><br />a) Soil failures such as liquefaction and landslides caused by shaking.<br />b) Tidal waves ( Tsunamis ) i.e. large waves on the surface of water bodies that can cause major damage to shoreline areas.<br />c) Surface fault ruptures such as cracks, vertical shifts, general settlement f an area, etc.<br />d) Ground shaking i.e., back and forth motion of the ground, caused by the passing vibratory waves through the ground.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />The primary objective of earthquake resistant design is to prevent buildings from collapsing during earthquakes thus minimizing the risk of death or injury to people in or around those buildings. There are certain features, which if taken into consideration at the stage of architectural planning and structural improve their performance during earthquake.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />The natural factors responsible for landslides are:<br /><br />a) If slopes are steep.<br />b) If there is high intensity of rainfall.<br />c) If slopes have stiffness.<br />d) Soil layers formed under gravity.<br />e) Rock layers are highly weathered.<br />f) Poor drainage.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />The man made factors responsible for landslides are:<br /><br />a) Soil erosion caused due to deforestation.<br />b) Mining and quarrying.<br />c) Excavation which is non-engineered.<br />d) Construction which is non-engineered.<br />e) Land use pattern.<br /><br />If buildings cannot withstand the forces of high winds and storm surge, than these buildings are considered vulnerable. Generally those most vulnerable to cyclones are lightweight structures with wooden frames, especially older buildings where wood has deteriorated and weakened the walls. Houses made of poorly constructed concrete blocks are also vulnerable.<br />Urban and rural communities on low inlands or in unprotected low-laying coastal areas or river floodplains are considered vulnerable to cyclones.<br /><br /><br />Man made factors responsible for causing landslides:<br /><br />i) Soil erosion caused due to deforestation.<br />ii) Mining and quarrying<br />iii) Excavation which is non-engineered <br />iv) Construction which is non-engineered.<br />v) Land use pattern. <br />. The configuration of an earthquake - resistant building are:<br /><br />a) Building should have a simple rectangular plan.<br />b) Long walls should be supported by Reinforced Concrete Columns.<br /><br />Foundation of an earthquake-resistant building:<br /><br />a) Assess the potential for soil liquefaction to avoid tilting cracking and failure of structure.<br />b) Adequate foundation design should be planned so that building can withstand earthquakes.<br /><br /><br />Vulnerable homes for landslides are those which are situated on:<br />a) Below hills with outcrops of fractured rock.<br />b) Steep natural slopes, particularly on weak geologic materials.<br />c) Developed hillsides where septic - tank, soil absorption systems are used and land-scapes are irrigated.<br />d) Steep construction-related cut or fill slopes.<br />e) Areas in or at the mouths of drainages such as canyons.<br />f) Existing landslides area.<br /><br /><br /><br />Most vulnerable homes for floods are:<br />a) If biomas materials like bamboo, leaves, thatch are used to construct huts then they are easily destroyed in floods and washed away.<br />b) Buildings which are constructed with earth-based material or using stone and brick in mud mortar.<br />c) Flood plains attract poor urban dwellers because of inexpensive land values.<br />d) Occupation of areas within the flood plains of rivers especially in areas of high population has increased the vulnerability.<br /><br />The Effect on buildings due to floods are:<br /><br />a) Water under high stream velocity washes away the houses.<br />b) Rising waters may cause in flotation of houses from their foundations.<br />c) Even though houses remain intact on their foundation, floods may cause severe damage to materials.<br />d) Velocity of water may erode th foundation of the house which may result in the collapse of the house.<br />e) Massive floating objects like trees, electric poles, etc., may effect the standing houses and cause significant damage.<br />f) Other forms of damage are wall erosion, cracks and bulging damage to water supply, sanitation and electrical systems.<br /><br />Protection measures against floods are:<br /><br />a) Residing on river banks and slopes on river banks should be avoided.<br />b) Buildings should be built at 250 meters away from the sea coast/river banks.<br />c) To build proper drainage systems in all flood prone area.<br />d) To construct the whole village or settlement on a raised platform higher than the high flood level.<br />e) To construct the building with a plinth level higher than the known high flood level.<br /><br />The effects of cyclones on buildings are:<br /><br />i) Punching and blowing off of corrugated iron roofing sheets attached to steel trusses.<br />ii) Brittle failure of asbestos - cement sheeting of the roofs of industrial sheds; failure of these sheets is generally ridges and gable ends.<br />iii) Failure of large industrial buildings with light weight roof coverings and long/tall walls due to combination of internal and external pressures.<br />iv) Failure of roofing elements and walls along the gable ends particularly due to high internal pressures.<br />v) Overturning failures of compound walls of various types.<br />vi) Failures of improperly attached or constructed parapets.<br />vii) Damage to roof/lintel projections.<br />viii) Damage to improperly attached windows or window frames.</span>

on Jan 25, 2011 | Hammering

1 Answer

What are the different types of cabinet doors?

wikipedia provides a good explanation, quoted below:
. In the U.S. solid wood frame and panel construction, using either mortise and tenon or cope and stick jointed frames, is traditional, with maple, cherry, oak, birch, and hickory among the most commonly used species. Mortise-and-tenon frames, with their greater strength and permanence, are more costly to produce and less commonly used as compared to cope-and-stick frames. As an alternative, miter joint frames, which may be identifiable by face-surface relief that follows continuously around the frame, have become popular. Miter-jointed frames typically employ embedded metal fasteners to secure frames elements (stiles and rails) cut at a 45 angle. Captured within frames, panels may be either solid or veneered engineered wood (either particle board or medium density fiberboard). Laminates, including those designed to resemble hardwood, can typically be identified by a more rounded appearance associated with the minimum bending radii necessarily entailed by the manufacturing process of applying laminate to an underlying substrate. By comparison, solid surfaces, and solid hardwoods in particular, can be milled with more sharply defined corners, edges, or grooves on either a panel or frame.
  • Panels. Panels used in frame-and-panel kitchen cabinet doors may be fashioned either of solid wood or covered by paint, veneer, or laminate in which case they are fashioned of engineered wood. The panels are typically not fastened with glue or nails but rather "float" within the frame to accommodate seasonal expansion or contraction of the wood frame.
  • Solid-door construction. Doors may be fabricated of solid material, either engineered wood (particle board or medium-density fiberboard, but not typically plywood) or solid wood. Engineered wood panels may either be used as slabs or may be shaped to resemble frame-and-panel construction. In either case, engineered wood panels are generally painted, veneered, or laminated. Solid wood panels are typically formed of multiple boards of the selected wood species, jointed together using glue and may either be painted or finished. Solid wood construction offers the possibility of refinishing in case of damage or wear.
  • Decorative panels. Cabinet doors panels can be used decoratively on cabinet sides, where exposed, for a more finished appearance.
  • Glass door construction options. Doors may have glass windows constructed of muntins and mullions holding glass panels (as in exterior windows). Other designs either mimic the divided-light look of muntins and mullions with overlays, or may dispense with them altogether. Cabinets using glass doors sometimes use glass shelves and interior lighting from the top of a cabinet. A glass shelf allows light to reach throughout a cabinet. For a special display effect, the interior rear of a cabinet may be covered with a mirrors to further distribute light.

Jan 30, 2013 | Hardware & Accessories

2 Answers

Can buildings be constructed of polyurethane foam

Because of its low density and structural properties, polyurethane foam is generally used as an insulator rather than to construct the building's infrastructure.

Nov 09, 2012 | Invacare Polyurethane Foam Dressing...

1 Answer

What types of materials can I select from for a new bed frame?

The four main materials that bed frames are constructed with are wood, metal, leather and upholstery.

Aug 16, 2012 | Furniture

1 Answer

I want to frame a closet do I just need 2by4's or should I use 2by6's

Framing lumber for interior non-load bearing walls is typically 2x4 in house construction. Even load bearing interior walls often only require 2x4 framing, but could require 2x6 framing depending on the load they carry(the load is how much weight of the roof or upper floors is being supported by the wall). Sometimes 2x6 framing is used for interior walls that have plumbing drain pipes to make it easier to fit them, likewise if the interior wall has heat/air ducting in it. Another reason to use 2x6 is to allow better sound proofing or higher insulation rating. If none of the special cases I've cited apply, then 2x4 is what I would use to frame a closet.

Feb 18, 2011 | RTO M-D Building Products Carpentry &...

1 Answer

The water keeps running inside the dishwasher slowly like a valve will not close all the way, water will overflow if I dont turn it off

You are on the right track...On Comerical Dishmachines this happens when mineral deposits build up in the rinse or fill solenoid blocking it from closing all the way. We install a rebuild kit and delime the solenoid itself.

On a home machine this is not really a practical solution due to their construction.

Best thing to do is locate the valve and replace it in as they are often plastic sealed units on household dishmachines.

In addition your machine should have an overflow drain hole somewhere which may be clogged with food or debries. Snake it whith a single strand of thick copper wire.

Good Luck..

Dec 09, 2009 | Hotpoint Dishwashers

1 Answer

Model 4624-1 Delta Luv Crib

If its like mine, you just remove the front panel that went up and down. Then lower the wood mattress support to the lowest level. You are now ready for the toddler bed. Once you want to convert to a double bed frame. You have to purchase a metal frame that holds the bed. Then attach the back and the front to the metal frame. This should like a sleigh bed. Good Luck, Nicol

Mar 01, 2008 | Delta Luv Delta - Baby Products 5-in-1...

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