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Re: material wont feed through
If you remove the accessory box and look carefully behind it, you'll see a feed dog drop sliding button. Just slide the button over to the other position, take a few stitches, and voila, the feed dogs pop up again! Hope this helps...
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You don't mention the brand and model of your machine. If it is 25 years old, it's probably a mechanical machine (ie, not computerized). If it is mechanical and it has not been cleaned and oiled for quite some time, the old oil has most likely gotten sticky over the years. Sounds like the feed dogs are stuck.
Consult your owner's manual and determine that the feed dogs are not in the darning position. Then find the maintenance section on how and where to oil your machine. Most mechanical machines have oil ports (little holes) where oil needs to be applied. Use good quality sewing machine oil (not 3-in-1, WD-40, or cooking oil) or you can pick up a bottle of liquid Tri-Flow Synthetic Oil at the hardware store. Apply one to two drops each spot. To help it along, you can direct hot air from a handheld hairdryer into the internal metal mechanics, focus on the feed dog area since that's where most of the problem is. Sometimes the oil and heat will help free up the old gunky oil. Gently rock the handwheel to get the oil worked in. You may have to perform the process more than once to get it all working again.
The drop feed lever will lower the feed dogs below the so they are no longer making contact with the material. This option is used for free hand machine quilting & free hand embroidery. This means you are in control of the stitch length and which direction you are going without actually turning the material. Your hands are what is controling the fabric movement.
The presser foot should only glide over the material. The feed dogs move the material. Check to see if your machine has a drop feed feature... for embroidery... or darning, etc. If it does return the feeds to sewing position.
Re: Reverse feed dogs on Singer 4423
Remove extension table so you can see switch on BACK of machine @ left side. Flip switch to raise feed dogs up.
If machine actually sewing in reverse - check n
Buttonhole adjustment. Reset it (located bottom right side machine)
Hi, if you remove the accessory box and look carefully behind it, you'll see a feed dog drop sliding button. Just slide the button over to the other position, take a few stitches, and voila, the feed dogs pop up again and start feeding...
Check to see what pattern is selected. Be sure it isn't the buttonhole.Select straight stitch.Move the stitch length setting to 4.Turn the handwheel and see if the feed dogs move forward. Press the reverse lever and see if they move backwards. Select straight stretch stitch and turn the wheel to see if the feed dogs move forward and backward.Check the presser foot release on top of the machine and make sure there is pressure on the foot. Sometimes the reverse assembly on this machine stops working because it has the wrong type of grease on it and it turns into a hard gummy mess that won't let it work. sewman7
I hate to sound dismissive but: read the manual. Duh. It is not as written above: drop dog........ The feed dog is the toothed pieces in the sewing machine deck, under the needle, which move the material away from you when you push the operating pedal. Dropping the dog - ie making it inoperative - (see manual for how to on your machine) means the material has to be propelled by hand under the needle. This is especially good for freehand machine embroidery as it means you can move the material in any direction whilst sewing. It can be easier to freehand embroider if your material is fixed in to an embroidery hoop to hold it flat while you work.