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Welcome to the world of Ruud! Ok James heres the deal. It sounds like the condenser fan motor has failed. Its not a repairable item but the motor is not too expensive. Disconnect the main power at the fuse block on the side of your house next to your a/c. Remove the screws that hold the top fan section and carefully turn the fan/panel assembly over taking care not to stress the wires. Determine how the fan is mounted (probably 4 screws) and go find your new motor. Both Rheem and Ruud use the same motor mounting. Most a/c supply houses have a motor that will fit or go to graingers. Make sure you get a matching run capacitor for that motor. It will have separate wires and not share any wiring with the old capacitor. The old capacitor will have to stay in place since it is also connected to the compressor. The old motor will have 3 wires and the new one 4 (2 brown for the capacitor and 2 others to put on the contactor that the compressor wires go to). If its a heat pump it could be a board and youll need help. good luck
Check fan cage to make sure it turns freely. Check voltage to IFM make sure it is correct for the application. Make sure the motor turns the fan cage in the correct direction. IFM will have high and low speed make sure when you change from fan on to auto that the motor changes speed. If you have an amp draw meter check to see when running the motor pulls the amp load it is rated for. Recheck all wiring.
sounds like the outdoor fan motor and/or capacitor needs replaced. The compressor will run for a short time because the fan is not pulling the heat out of the system, it can cause damage to the compressor if the fan is not repaired, Ruud used a 3uf capacitor rating for the outdoor fan motor, if the motor has been changed make sure the proper capacitor is also changed for the new motor rating.
If you will look on the side of the new motor is should show you. But the black and brown will go in the same place as your old one. Generally, the yellow will replace the orange. Black is hi speed and will be connected to one side of the "relay" Brown is capacitor by itself Yellow is common on the other side of the capacitor and will link back to the "relay"
Again, be sure to check on the side of the motor. Yellow should be noted as "common" Be sure to tape the ends of the wires not being used before you power it up.
You can disconnect the compressor from the contactor and wire the motor up to the 220 to see if
fan will run. If fan turns hard by hand, replace motor otherwise you may just have to replace the capacitor.
You need to buy a new fan motor. If you could have turned the fan with your hand all you would have needed would have been a capacitor. If your filter is always dirty or the a coil is dirty will shorten the life of a fan motor. Just for things to consider in the future. Now if the unit is about 10 years old just wore out. Get a new capacitor when you get new fan they are cheap well 5 bucks any way.
It sounds like your condenser fan motor may be locked up or the capacitor that helps give the condenser fan motor a kick to get it started may be defective. Try turning your system on and using a long screwdriver try to push the fan blade on the condenser fan motor to see if it will run normally if you give it the starting boost it needs.If it does run at full speed and doesn't over heat or start and then slow down then you probably only need to replace a simple 10-12$ capacitor. If it barely turns, makes an odd humming sound or overheats etc. then you will have to replace the condenser fan motor. This is assuming that the outdoor condenser has the 220v supplied and the 24v supplied to the compressor relay, that the compressor relay is engaged and suppling 220v to the condenser fan motor.