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Water heater not heating water , single element 110v replaced still no hot water

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How To Test High Temperature Cutoff Switch Located at the Upper Heating Element Before testing the electic water heater elements we should check out the high temperature cutoff switch since a problem there will simply turn off power to both heating elements.
On an electric water heater the upper heating element may have two, three, or four electrical terminals, and above the upper thermostat is a high temperature cutoff switch with four terminals. You should be able to identify these parts by looking at the water heater's wiring diagram found on the tank or inside the panel cover.
The electric water heater high-temperature cutoff swtich will turn off the entire water heater if temperatures are too high. If this cutoff is not working the water heater will simply not heat at all. You can use this switch to test to confirm that the incoming electrical power circuit is indeed bringing power to the water heater.
Turn off electrical power to the heater at the electrical panel: WARNING: possible fatal electrical shock
Set the multitester or VOM to its 250 VAC scale, and attach the tester probes or alligator clips to the two uppermost terminals on the control (L1 and L3 on the top left and top right in our photo below). These are normally the incoming electrical wires from the power circuit to the heater. "L" refers to "Line voltage" on most controls.
Test for line voltage: Now you can turn on electrical power to the heater. Your VOM should show voltage close to the voltage on the water heater's identification tag: typically this will be 208V or 240V for a 240V water heater, or it might be just 115V or 120V for a 120V water heater. If you do not see voltage close to the rated voltage you need to call an electrician to diagnose and repair the problem.
Turn off Electrical Power to the Water Heater again. Don't skip this step or you may be killed or you may ruin your test equipment.
Test the High Temperature Cutoff Switch itself: set the VOM to its Ohm or resistance scale using the most sensitive setting (R x 1). Touch one probe to the upper left terminal on the control (L1 in our photo at left). Touch the other probe to the lower left hand terminal on the control (T2 in our photo at left).
The ohm meter needle should move (or your digital multimeter DMM should show some number other than infinity). If no continuity and infinite resistance is what you read, try pressing the reset button on this control (the red "RESET" button in our photo at left).
If you cannot reset the control then this device is not working and it needs to be replaced.


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Posted on Jan 03, 2011

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Can a single element water heater be controlled with a multi-element thermostat?


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Yes.
Ordinary electric water heater can run on any voltage from any direction (excluding volt/amp ratings below what can heat element coil).

Voltages include single-phase, split phase, and 3-phase residential/commercial voltages with either 50 or 60 Hz.
http://waterheatertimer.org/How-to-wire-water-heater-for-120-Volt.html
http://waterheatertimer.org/How-to-wire-water-heater-thermostats.html#3-phase

Install line fuse.
30 amp fuse would be required to prevent wires from overheating, and eliminate fire hazard.

This information does NOT apply to energy-smart electric water heater with box on top of heater, or newer energy smart with electronics, or to hybrid water heaters, or heat pump water heaters with delicate electronic circuitry.

Why it works like this:
Ordinary electric water heater thermostats are mechanical bi-metal switches and respond to tank temperature, and are not operated by electricity.
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Lower element can be burned out and still read 230V across screws

1) We know thermostats are working because elements test 230V.
2) We know upper element is working because tank has some hot water.
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http://waterheatertimer.org/How-it-works.html

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5) Rheem manual says: Heaters furnished with standard 240 volt AC, single phase non-simultaneous wiring, and 4500 watt upper and lower heating elements.
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