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Check disk says it can't fix errors because it can't access volume

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Unfortunately your hard drive is bad and cannot be fixed with chkdsk. You'll need to replace your hard drive.

Posted on Jun 29, 2008

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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3 Answers

How can I fix Cyclic Redundancy Check on external drive?


This problem is caused by bad sectors on HDD. refer to http://www.goodlucksoft.com for more information

Feb 20, 2013 | Computers & Internet

Tip

Boot problems and their possible causes & resolutions


Symptoms:
Black screen
"Invalid Partition Table"
"Error loading operating system"
"Missing operating system"


Cause:
Corrupt Master Boot Record (MBR)

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixmbr" to repair the MBR

--

Symptoms:
"A disk read error occurred"
"NTLDR is missing"
"NTLDR is compressed"


Cause:
Corrupt boot sector

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixboot" to repair the boot sector

--

Symptoms:
"BOOT.INI is missing or corrupt"
"Boot device inaccessible"
"Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
<Windows root>\system32\hal.dll"


Cause:
BOOT.INI missing, corrupt or out of date as a partition has been inserted

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "bootcfg /rebuild" to repair the BOOT.INI

--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM"


Cause:
Corrupt/missing system hive

Resolution:
1. Boot into Recovery Console and run "chkdsk C: /f" to check the system disk for errors and fix them, then reboot.
2. If the error continues and System Restore is enabled, copy the system hive from the last restore point into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
3. If the error continues, copy the system hive from \WINDOWS\REPAIR into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
4. If the error continues, perform a repair installation by booting from the Windows installation media


--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk, Check boot path and disk hardware."


Cause:
Boot volume (with Windows folder) is not accessible as defined in BOOT.INI

Resolution:
Check the boot volume is accessible

--

Symptoms:
Dual-boot 32-bit Windows and 64-bit Windows system reports "NTOSKRNL.EXE is corrupt" trying to boot into 64-bit Windows

Cause:
System volume contains an older boot loader than the boot volume requires - e.g. XP SP2 installed after XP x64

Resolution:
Copy NTDETECT.COM and NTLDR from XP x64 installation media to the root of the system volume

on May 03, 2010 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Disk fragment


You need to run chkdsk...

How to run Chkdsk

Notes

Chkdsk requires exclusive access to a volume when it runs. Therefore, if one or more of the files are open on the disk that you want to check, Chkdsk displays a prompt asking if you want schedule the disk check for the next time that you restart your computer.
Chkdsk might take a long time to run, depending on the number of files and folders, the size of the volume, disk performance, and available system resources, such as processor and memory.
Chkdsk might not accurately report information in read-only mode.

How to run Chkdsk at the command prompt

Click Start, and then click Run.
In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer

Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
Click Properties, and then click Tools.
Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?
Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

The following table lists the exit codes that Chkdsk reports after it has finished:
Exit code Description
0 No errors were found.
1 Errors were found and fixed.
2 Disk cleanup, such as garbage collection, was performed, or cleanup was not performed because /f was not specified.
3 Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.

Aug 19, 2012 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Bad sector issue


You need to run chkdsk...

How to run Chkdsk

Notes

Chkdsk requires exclusive access to a volume when it runs. Therefore, if one or more of the files are open on the disk that you want to check, Chkdsk displays a prompt asking if you want schedule the disk check for the next time that you restart your computer.
Chkdsk might take a long time to run, depending on the number of files and folders, the size of the volume, disk performance, and available system resources, such as processor and memory.
Chkdsk might not accurately report information in read-only mode.

How to run Chkdsk at the command prompt

Click Start, and then click Run.
In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer

Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
Click Properties, and then click Tools.
Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?
Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

The following table lists the exit codes that Chkdsk reports after it has finished:
Exit code Description
0 No errors were found.
1 Errors were found and fixed.
2 Disk cleanup, such as garbage collection, was performed, or cleanup was not performed because /f was not specified.
3 Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.

Jun 30, 2012 | Western Digital Caviar Computers &...

1 Answer

Windows can't recognize


You need to run chkdsk......

How to run Chkdsk

Notes

Chkdsk requires exclusive access to a volume when it runs. Therefore, if one or more of the files are open on the disk that you want to check, Chkdsk displays a prompt asking if you want schedule the disk check for the next time that you restart your computer.
Chkdsk might take a long time to run, depending on the number of files and folders, the size of the volume, disk performance, and available system resources, such as processor and memory.
Chkdsk might not accurately report information in read-only mode.

How to run Chkdsk at the command prompt

Click Start, and then click Run.
In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)
Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer

Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
Click Properties, and then click Tools.
Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
Use one of the following procedures:
To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message:
The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?
Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

The following table lists the exit codes that Chkdsk reports after it has finished:
Exit code Description
0 No errors were found.
1 Errors were found and fixed.
2 Disk cleanup, such as garbage collection, was performed, or cleanup was not performed because /f was not specified.
3 Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.

Jun 30, 2012 | Western Digital Caviar Computers &...

1 Answer

My computer crashes a lot. How do I fix?


You may run or perform Disk Error Checking(This is for Windows XP SP3):
* Chkdsk (Chkdsk.exe) is a command-line tool that checks volumes for problems. The tool then tries to repair any that it finds. For example, Chkdsk can repair problems related to bad sectors, lost clusters, cross-linked files, and directory errors.

** How to run CHKDSK at the command prompt:
  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
  3. Use one of the following procedures:
  • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
  • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

    Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

  • Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.

  • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.
  • Once done with chkdsk r, run FIXBOOT and press ENTER.

    Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
  • Sep 08, 2011 | Dell Dimension 4600 PC Desktop

    2 Answers

    We did a fresh install but pc is way to slow.it takes 20-30 minutes to finally come up to the desktop.we have tried everything we know but no results.


    My first guess is that your hard drive is failing. Try running chkdsk:
    How to run Chkdsk at the command prompt
    1. Click Start, and then click Run.
    2. In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
    3. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk c:/f, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer
    1. Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
    2. Click Properties, and then click Tools.
    3. Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
    4. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select theAutomatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select theScan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then clickStart.
      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    If possible, I'd run this program (http://www.hdsentinel.com/) to check for disk errors as well/

    Jun 30, 2011 | Acer Aspire 5742Z-4200 Notebook

    1 Answer

    The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable


    Hello,
    The file or folder could get corrupted due to improper turning off the PC like abrupt power cut
    without an UPS backup and various other reasons.Unfortunately there is no guaranteed way to fix the
    corrupted file/folder,but there are few things you could try that fixes the issue sometimes.

    1) You can ask windows to check for errors and fix them.This may fixe the corrupted files or folders in some cases.Follow the steps below to run the error checking process.
    1. Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
    2. Click Properties, and then click Tools.
    3. Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
    4. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer? Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    Like I said there is no guarantee this would fix the issue but its worth the try.The only way to keep the folders or files safe is to make backup copies on another hard drive or CD/DVD.Do let me know if it helped.

    Thanks for using Fixya!

    Dec 11, 2010 | Seagate (ST980811AS) 80 GB IDE Hard Drive

    1 Answer

    Hello my acer laptop is giving a message disk error hit alt ctr del for start up i do that but the screen stays black with a with small white blink - in the left hand upper corner


    How to run Chkdsk loadTOCNode(2, 'moreinformation'); Notes
    • Chkdsk requires exclusive access to a volume when it runs. Therefore, if one or more of the files are open on the disk that you want to check, Chkdsk displays a prompt asking if you want schedule the disk check for the next time that you restart your computer.
    • Chkdsk might take a long time to run, depending on the number of files and folders, the size of the volume, disk performance, and available system resources, such as processor and memory.
    • Chkdsk might not accurately report information in read-only mode.
    How to run Chkdsk at the command prompt loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation');
    1. Click Start, and then click Run.
    2. In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
    3. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation');
    1. Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
    2. Click Properties, and then click Tools.
    3. Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
    4. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer?Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    The following table lists the exit codes that Chkdsk reports after it has finished:
    Collapse this tableExpand this table Exit code Description 0 No errors were found. 1 Errors were found and fixed. 2 Disk cleanup, such as garbage collection, was performed, or cleanup was not performed because /f was not specified. 3 Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.
    courtesy of Microsoft.com

    Oct 14, 2010 | Acer Aspire 5315 Notebook

    1 Answer

    When installing the computer back to its original settings. The systems will freeze when it gets to the point of checking the mouse. But in the beginning of the process the mouse is fine. I was told that...


    Sounds like a virus. You might have to erase your hard drive and reinstall windows. If you have a boot disk that came with your computer, it will reinstall the entire system as it was when you bought it. You will need to save any files you want to keep first on a separate drive or burn to CD before you do it though.

    Another option is to run check disk. Here is the instructions:

    Manual steps to run Chkdsk loadTOCNode(2, 'moreinformation'); Notes
    • Chkdsk requires exclusive access to a volume when it runs. Therefore, if one or more of the files are open on the disk that you want to check, Chkdsk displays a prompt asking if you want schedule the disk check for the next time that you restart your computer.
    • Chkdsk might take a long time to run, depending on the number of files and folders, the size of the volume, disk performance, and available system resources, such as processor and memory.
    • Chkdsk might not accurately report information in read-only mode.
    Manual steps to run Chkdsk at the command prompt loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation');
    1. Click Start, and then Run.
    2. In Open, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
    3. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, at the command prompt, type chkdsk, and then press ENTER.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N) Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, at the command prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, and then press ENTER.

        Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N) Type Y, and then press ENTER to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    Manual steps to run Chkdsk from My Computer or Windows Explorer loadTOCNode(3, 'moreinformation');
    1. Double-click My Computer, and then right-click the hard disk that you want to check.
    2. Click Properties, and then click Tools.
    3. Under Error-checking, click Check Now. A dialog box that shows the Check disk options is displayed,
    4. Use one of the following procedures:
      • To run Chkdsk in read-only mode, click Start.
      • To repair errors without scanning the volume for bad sectors, select the Automatically fix file system errors check box, and then click Start.
      • To repair errors, locate bad sectors, and recover readable information, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box, and then click Start.
      Note If one or more of the files on the hard disk are open, you will receive the following message: The disk check could not be performed because the disk check utility needs exclusive access to some Windows files on the disk. These files can be accessed by restarting Windows. Do you want to schedule the disk check to occur the next time you restart the computer? Click Yes to schedule the disk check, and then restart your computer to start the disk check.
    The following table lists the exit codes that Chkdsk reports after it has finished:
    Collapse this tableExpand this table Exit code Description 0 No errors were found. 1 Errors were found and fixed. 2 Disk cleanup, such as garbage collection, was performed, or cleanup was not performed because /f was not specified. 3 Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.
    For more information about Chkdsk, visit the following Microsoft Web sites: For more information about Chkdsk, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: 314835 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314835/ ) An explanation of the new /C and /I switches that are available to use with Chkdsk.exe For help with common system maintenance tasks in Windows Vista, visit the following Microsoft Web page: Fix problems with common system maintenance tasks (http://support.microsoft.com/gp/system_maintenance_for_windows)

    Dec 07, 2009 | Gateway Computers & Internet

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