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Re: what to do to set it in manual shutter mode?
Directions on how to do this are on page 33 of your camera manual and in case you no longer have the camera manual I have included a link to a download of the camera manual. I hope this helps!
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In the manual and shutter-priority modes (set the dial to "M" or "S"), turn the command dial to change the shutter speed. In the aperture-priority mode (set the dial to "A"), turning the command dial changes the aperture and the camera will set the shutter speed appropriately.
If you need a manual, you may download a copy from here.
The N2000 has Program, Program Hi, Aperture-priority, and Manual exposure modes, with exposure lock and exposure compensation capabilities. It can TTL auto and manual with flash. The meter is full-aperture and center-weighted. The Program mode sets both the shutter speed and aperture for optimum exposure. You can adjust the exposure if you want to emphasize shutter speed or aperture. The Program Hi mode tries to set a higher shutter speed for action and/or long lenses. You can download a copy of the manual here if you want to know more about this camera.
What I'm thinking is the shutter and or the aperture ring is lazy. Move the aperture ring up and down several time see if the little ring next to the the camera body is responding quickly to the change. Do this without film in the camera. What I'd suggest is setting the camera in "M" mode aperture at F8 manual set the ISO at 100 and the shutter speed at 1/60 shift the camera into manual focus. The shutter can be in AF-S (single frame with each depress of the shutter). Trip the shutter and listen to it work do that a few times (maybe three) then set the speed at 1/125 do the same test listen the shutter should sound faster. Repeat the test at 250 then 500 then 1000. Then start backing down to 1/60th again, listen to the response. In all manual mode the shutter has to fire it it isn't or the speed doesn't increase and then decrease then the shutter needs service.
To set the shutter speed, press and hold the mode button and then turn the thumb wheel on the right until M (for fully manual control) or S (for shutter priority auto exposure) appears in the display. Remove your finger from the mode button and the thumb wheel will now adjust just the shutter speed. If you're in manual mode the aperture setting will need a separate adjustment for correct exposure, if you're in shutter priority mode the camera will select the aperture suited to your shutter speed for each exposure.
Please take a moment to rate my answer, or if you wish to know anything else please add a follow-up comment and I shall provide further assistance when I'm next online (I'm in the UK and it's just after midnight right now).
In S and M modes you control the shutter speed directly by turning the command dial on the back of the camera. In A mode the dial controls the aperture which indirectly affects the shutter speed. In P mode the dial shifts the exposure to another equivalent exposure, which also changes the shutter speed.
You can download a manual from http://www.butkus.org/chinon/nikon.htm
OM-20 was basically a upgraded OM-10 with the manual adapter built in and a number of other refinements.
The viewfinder has LED's to show the shutter speed recommended by the camera's lightmeter for the ISO and aperture selected. It also has an exposure compensation indicator (the +/- symbol) and an indicator for flash ready which doubles up as a post-exposure flash confirmation. There is also the indicator lamp to show manual mode has been selected. OM-10 lacks the manual mode lamp and the +/- indicator.
Like the OM-10, the OM-20 is primarily an aperture priority automatic camera. In this mode you set the ISO film speed, choose which aperture you wish to use (with the ability to use the lens depth of field preview button) and then the camera selects the correct shutter speed. The +/- exposure compensation control allows the user to tell the camera to modify the recommended shutter speed by up to two stops either way.
In manual mode, there is no manual metering. The light meter behaves exactly as it does in aperture priority mode and the viewfinder shows the recommended shutter speed and not the manually selected one. Correct metering is therefore a case of adjusting the aperture first, and then choosing the correct shutter speed indicated in the viewfinder. If the user then decides to select a different shutter speed, then the aperture ring must be adjusted to maintain the correct exposure. For example the aperture is set to f8 and the camera recommends 1/60th of a second. The user decides that a faster shutter speed is required and chooses 1/250th, but the viewfinder remains showing 1/60th. In order to keep the same exposure value the user must open the aperture by two full stops to f4. The camera's light meter will detect the new aperture setting and providing the light on the object is unchanged the viewfinder shutter speed display should now show 1/250th as well to confirm the correct adjustment. Alternatively, the user can choose the shutter speed first by looking at what has been set on the control ring (or by turning the ring to the end of its travel and then counting the clicks from there as all experienced OM users do) and then turning the aperture ring until the shutter speed shown in the viewfinder matches what's been manually set.
It all sounds clumsy and complex but is done far more quickly than I've taken to type this and becomes second nature.
Aperture priority metering is selected on the camera by choosing AUTO on the mode selecter. In this mode the shutter speed ring has no effect and the viewfinder always displays the automatically selected shutter speed.
First, are you shooting with the flash up or an external flash connected to it? If so, the camera likely needs to synchronize at 1/200 or slower otherwise it won't be able to take a full photo. As a safety feature to prevent that, many new cameras just restrict the ability to pick a faster shutter speed.
Second, if its not related to the flash, it might be related to the mode you are using. Turn the camera off the automatic modes and put it on an all manual setting. Change the ISO to 400 or so, got outside and aim up at the day's sky, put it on manual mode and then adjust the shutter speed. Open up the aperture on your lens all the way (turn it to the smallest number). Now adjust the shutter speeds. It should be able to go past 200 now.
WHAT YOU ARE SEEING IS BASICALLY AN ERROR WARNING THAT THE SHUTTER SPEED IS NOT RIGHT FOR THE LIGHT CONDITION AND THE LIGHTNING BOLT USUALLY MEANS THE FLASH IS NEEDED. IF THIS IS A FILM CAMERA, IT IS PROBABLY WANTING YOU TO PUT IN THE CORRECT EXPOSURE SETTINGS FOR THE CONDITIONS. DOES THIS HAPPEN WITH ALL CONDITIONS? HAVE YOU TRIED OTHER SETTINGS ON THE CAMERA? LET ME KNOW IF YOU NEED MORE HELP.
The lens must be set to F/22 on that model so the camer can set the aperture. Setting it to 22 tells the camera it is ready, so the camera can actually set the proper f/stop according to the light level. You can set the aperture yourself using the control knobs on the camera - in manual settings. In Aperture, or Shutter settings, you can set the aperture or shutter speed and the camera will set the right exposure. On Program, the camera sets both aperture and shutter.
Remove the lens from camera.
Look inside pass the mirror, how is the shutter?
Should be flat with the film with no warp or opened shutters.
Or try this:
Lens out, set camera to M (manual mode).
Shutter set at 1 (One Second).
Lnes drive pin (recessed) fully into the body, not S or C.
Set self timer on.
Press shutter button.
Camera should blink and then shutter should be tripped.
This will also check to see if you have enough power for min. of one shot.