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If the computer boots up and starts it operating system (i presume it's Windows?), then yes it is finding your primary and secondary ports, but you may still be not seeing your CD / DVD drive in your file explorer or in My Computer. This is a fault relating to a thing known as High and Low filters - it's an old problem in Windows where for no reason at all your CD drive can vanish. Search the internet for a patch to repair high and low filters, it will be a very small registry entry file that you are looking for. Once you've ran that, restart the computer and 95% of the time the drive will have reappeared again. If not, start by checking that you can actually eject the CD drawer using its open/close button, and if you have a disc in the drive can you hear it spin ? If not, it may be a lose power cable at the rear of the drive, or a faulty power supply just affecting that drive.
To check your hard disk drive if its detected, turn on your computer and press DEL or F2 to enter BIOS setup. Then go to standard cmos setup and there should be the hard drive detected as Primary or Secondary IDE or SATA. If detected and not loading into windows that case your operating system is corrupted. However If your hard drive is not detected on your bios, turn off your computer and unplug and plug your hard disk drive then turn on your computer start pressing again DEL or F2 then check again your hard drive if it is detected.
If your hard disk drive and cd/dvd rom drive are the same cable you can switch the cable to check if the cable of the hard drive are ok. After you have checked and you found out that the two cables are ok that means you will have to format your computer. But you must backup all your data and files before doing so. Formatting your computer will erase or delete the entire space of the partition which you perform formatting.
Here is the video tutorial on how to format your computer using windows xp
we do not need any drivers for DVD or CD Drives
just disconnect your DVD drive and start PC
now after booting, shut down the PC and then connect the drive again
now restart the PC
your drive will be detected
if not the try running the add/remove hardware in control panel
One bad lead can cause a computer to continue on a cycle or to shutdown or fail to detect your hard drive Test the leads that attach to your ((hard drive from the motherboard)) or replace all the leads that attach to your hard drive including electrical extensions + IDE,SATA and the ones that attach from your ((motherboard to hard drive)) make sure all leads that are attached to your drives dvd\cd 3 1/2 inch floppy have secure connections and are not faulty even the electrical extensions or just replace them they are probably old and faulty a computer needs its connections to have an end so any faulty leads will end up with a computer error hope this helps
IF THERE IS ANOTHER IDE PORT FOR A SECONDARY DRIVE i WOULD TRY TO SWITCH OVER TO IT . IF NOT THE MOBO MAY HAVE A PROBLEM WITH THE IDE PORT. VEIRFIED THAT THE DRIVES ARE CORRECT AND TRY TO CHANGE THE BOOT ORDER IN BIOS .
go to BIOS and enable the secondary drive auto detect.
if you manaully set the drive to primary, secondar. the system should be able to detect it as you have set it. if you select cable select or auto. the sytem will put the drive connected to the end of the IDE cable as primary.
Serial ATA drives are pretty much plug and play. You just need to install them and set them up as a primary drive in your bios settings. The IDE devices can be connected on the same ribbon cable but need to have jumpers set on the back to determine which device is primary or slave. If the IDE devices are on different ribbon cables then most likely the hard drive jumper setting should be set to master or master (single drive). The CD-ROM drive jumper on master. BIOS should detect all drives You also need to assign the boot order in BIOS. CD-ROM should be the first boot device to load and install the new OS onto the primary hard drive.