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Who regulates cosmetics in the U.S. and under what laws?

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The marketing of cosmetics in the U.S. is regulated by the Office of Cosmetics and Colors within the
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition pursuant to the
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA)2 and the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act.

Posted on Nov 22, 2010

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Is there a differnece between a bumper and bumper cover


Yes. The bumper is required by law and is the physical steel bumper. The bumper cover commonly referred to as the bumper "face" is cosmetic and not required by law but make your car look much better cosmetically. Hope this helps.

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What voluntary steps are cosmetic manufacturers taking to provide cosmetic safety and protect consumers?


Consumer safety is the number one priority for cosmetic and personal care products companies, and manufacturers are committed to upholding strict FDA regulations as required by the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The law requires that every cosmetic and personal care product and its ingredients be substantiated for safety before going to market, and that they contain no prohibited ingredients. Cosmetic companies take their safety responsibility very seriously and often surpass the requirements of the law with additional consumer safety measures.

Consumers must have confidence in the products they buy and use each day. Toward that end, cosmetic and personal care products companies invest substantial resources in scientific research and safety processes to ensure the safety of their products. Companies work with and employ thousands of chemists, toxicologists, biologists, environmental scientists and other experts to evaluate the safety of cosmetic products before they go to market.

As a result, of the more than 11 billion personal care products sold each year in the United States, there are very few adverse experiences reported to the FDA in a typical year, and of those reported, most are related to rashes or allergies. Cosmetic companies' strong commitment to safety has made cosmetic and personal care products the safest product category regulated by the FDA.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

What actions can the FDA take against manufacturers that produce and market unsafe cosmetics?


Consumer safety is the number one priority for cosmetic and personal care products companies, and manufacturers are committed to upholding strict FDA regulations as required by the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The law requires that every cosmetic and personal care product and its ingredients be substantiated for safety before going to market, and that they contain no prohibited ingredients. Cosmetic companies take their safety responsibility very seriously and often surpass the requirements of the law with additional consumer safety measures.

Consumers must have confidence in the products they buy and use each day. Toward that end, cosmetic and personal care products companies invest substantial resources in scientific research and safety processes to ensure the safety of their products. Companies work with and employ thousands of chemists, toxicologists, biologists, environmental scientists and other experts to evaluate the safety of cosmetic products before they go to market.

As a result, of the more than 11 billion personal care products sold each year in the United States, there are very few adverse experiences reported to the FDA in a typical year, and of those reported, most are related to rashes or allergies. Cosmetic companies' strong commitment to safety has made cosmetic and personal care products the safest product category regulated by the FDA.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

2 Answers

Doesn’t the government certify that personal care products are safe and healthy before they can be sold to consumers?


No. Major loopholes in federal law allow the $50 billion cosmetics industry to put unlimited amounts of chemicals into personal care products with no required testing, no required monitoring of health effects, and inadequate labeling requirements.

Neither cosmetic products nor cosmetic ingredients are reviewed or approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before they are sold to the public. FDA cannot require companies to do safety testing of their cosmetic products before marketing

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

How are the FDA and cosmetics manufacturers working together to ensure consumer safety?


Consumer safety is the number one priority for cosmetic and personal care products companies, and manufacturers are committed to upholding strict FDA regulations as required by the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The law requires that every cosmetic and personal care product and its ingredients be substantiated for safety before going to market, and that they contain no prohibited ingredients. Cosmetic companies take their safety responsibility very seriously and often surpass the requirements of the law with additional consumer safety measures.

Consumers must have confidence in the products they buy and use each day. Toward that end, cosmetic and personal care products companies invest substantial resources in scientific research and safety processes to ensure the safety of their products. Companies work with and employ thousands of chemists, toxicologists, biologists, environmental scientists and other experts to evaluate the safety of cosmetic products before they go to market.
As a result, of the more than 11 billion personal care products sold each year in the United States, there are very few adverse experiences reported to the FDA in a typical year, and of those reported, most are related to rashes or allergies. Cosmetic companies' strong commitment to safety has made cosmetic and personal care products the safest product category regulated by the FDA.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

How are cosmetics regulated in Europe?


The European Union Cosmetics Directive defines a cosmetic as "any substance or preparation intended to be placed in contact with the various external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external **** organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance and/or correcting body odours and/or protecting them or keeping them in good condition." The European Union requires that cosmetic products placed on the EU market be safe; that is, they "must not cause damage to human health when applied under normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use." As in the U.S., manufacturers are responsible for ensuring that cosmetic products comply with the law before they are marketed. The manufacturer or importer of cosmetics is responsible for demonstrating that the product is safe for its intended use. Regulations are enforced at the national level, and each country in the EU has an authoritative body that is responsible for upholding compliance.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

Do you guys know what are cosmetic ingredients?


While there is assurance from the largest cosmetic companies that ingredients have passed quality tests and official regulations, and are therefore generally safe to use, there is a growing preference for cosmetics that are without any "synthetic" ingredients, especially those derived from petroleum. Once a niche market, handmade and certified organic products are becoming more mainstream.

Ingredients' listings in cosmetics are highly regulated in many countries. The testing of cosmetic products on animals is a subject of some controversy. It is now illegal in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Belgium, and a ban across the European Union is due to come into effect in 2009.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

What are the differences between cosmetics and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?


The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) defines cosmetics by their intended use, as "articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body...for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance" [FD&C Act, sec. 201(i)]. Among the products included in this definition are skin moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product.

The FD&C Act defines drugs, in part, by their intended use, as "articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease" and "articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals" [FD&C Act, sec. 201(g)(1)].

Some products meet the definitions of both cosmetics and drugs. This may happen when a product has two intended uses.

The FD&C Act does not recognize any such category as "cosmeceuticals." A product can be a drug, a cosmetic, or a combination of both, but the term "cosmeceutical" has no meaning under the law.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

Does FDA specifically require that cosmetics or their ingredients be tested on animals?


No. In contrast to most other products regulated by FDA, cosmetics and their ingredients are not subject to specific testing requirements or pre-market approval by the agency. However, the FFDCA broadly prohibits the marketing of "adulterated" or "misbranded" cosmetics, including any product
(other than a hair dye) that "bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to users...."4-5 In other words, cosmetic manufacturers are responsible for assuring the safety of their products and the ingredients they use, but are not required to use animal tests to do so.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

1 Answer

What kinds of products are considered to be cosmetics?


Cosmetic products, as defined by U.S. law, include shampoo, soaps, perfumes, makeup, moisturizers,
lipsticks, nail polish, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants.

Nov 22, 2010 | Health & Beauty

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