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The processor may be overheating. Check to see that all fans are running and that the heat sinks are all free from any obstructing lint or whatever. Also check to see that the heat sink is firmly mounted to the processor chip. They sometimes come loose due to their plastic brackets failing. Remounting by alternate means after cleaning the contact surface area and reapplying new thermal transfer paste has been my solution in those cases.
The CPU Heat sink (the big metal block with a fan) may not be making good contact with the CPU surface area.
Thermal compound may have not been applied between the CPU surface area and heat sink
The heat sink and fan are not sufficient enough to cool your CPU
Dust buildup is not allowing proper circulation of cooling air
If this system is not a name brand and covered by warranty then I would remove the heat sink (carefully) and verify that the mounting bracket is not broken or loose. I would check that ample thermal compound is applied, and if not use rubbing alcohol to remove all compound from the heat sink and CPU and purchase a tube of compound to apply yourself. I would also thoroughly clean the heat sink with compressed air.
If the heat issue continues then you will want to consider upgrading to a more powerful cooling solution.
The CPU fan should run constantly but in some systems will run between 50% and 100% speeds assuming a variable temperature control is applied to the system via motherboard or third party installation.
I'd suggest release the other side and remove the fan & heat sink. They often come as a unit. Its very common to buy a new fan and the heat sink comes with it. It really depends on what processor your using. Its getting hard to find pent 3 stuff but otherwise you should be able to find another heat sink or fan, or combo with both and the bracket to fasten it is part of the heatsink fan assembly. Take the whole assembly to your local computer geek shop. They'll have another one.OR have a bones system they'll borrow from. You should find it on-line somewhere, but it would take awhile to find one. If you can carry in to a shop you'll be more likely to leave with the right thing. You might be able to rig it with something, but with the much heat around it and voltage being so close it wouldnt be a very good choice. I had one that broke one and then a little piece started rubbing the fan and making noise. I think the heat is what made the plastic so brittle and why it just broke.
You could have a problem with your OS, it could be viruses, or other things.
It could also be a force shut down by your motherboard. Before you replace the motherboard, check to see if you computer might be over heating. Touch the heatsink on your CPU/Motherboard. Feel if it is too Hot or Cold. You only want it to be warm.
Hi there! AMDs (some of them) have Overheating issues. Your default BIOS is set to protect the CPU chip in case of overheating. It will do so by shutting down the computer. You can hold "delete" key on boot to enter BIOS. Go to "PC Health Status" or " Hardware monitor". Here if you see temperature exceeding 60 degrees or more, this mean it's OVERHEATING! Now the first thing is to check if your CPU fan is running & is well secured with the lock. Try to move it to see if it's loose. Secure it properly to solve. If it's not running, you'll need to replace. However if it's not the problem, remove the fan & its aluminum heat-sink with CARE. Then re-seat the heat-sink properly. Note that a poor contact of CPU & heat-sink = Very Hot CPU & cold heat-sink. If it's not the case, therefore remove the heat-sink & clean the old thermal paste on it & the Cpu chip also. Apply proper thermal grease e'g Arctic Silver. If the above does not solve the issue, you'll need to replace fan. (pls check with another one before buying a new one if possible) Ultimately if the issue is not solved by the above, this means that the heat sensor on the motherboard is faulty. Here motherboard needs replacement or warranty services. Hope this advice really helps you. Please remember to send us your valuable feedback as it's very important for us!
It's ok to upgrade the processor to P4 the mother board is capable to run the pentium 4 2.0Ghz only . I said that because i'm using that type of motherboard ecs p4vmm2 with processor 2.0Ghz. But for my opinion the problem of your friend computer is not the processor is about the cooling fan heatsink because if the heatsink is not fit or properly lock the processor is over heating that's why the computer hanging and shutdown. If you can tight the two clip that was broken the problem is solved because i have also the same problem before one of my client computer. but if you friend want to upgrade to p4 it's better to buy also a new fan and heatsink for P4.