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Obtain low bandwidh in linux


I m using a Redhat linux AS 4 proxy server in my office,in which I configure squid 2.5 for sharing the internet(BSNL dataone leased line).the band width provided by the ISP is 2 Mbps,but when I check the bandwidth in http://dataone.in from the proxy server it shows around 400 kbps.


http://dataone.in is the official bandwidth testing web site of BSNL dataone (ISP)


Then I connect a dual boot client pc ( windows XP sp2/fedora 6) to the same port I use for the proxy server in NORTEL 8300 switch.Now I got the increased bandwidth (around 1.77 mbps) in XP but again low bandwidh with fedora.

plz tell me why linux operating system show me the low bandwidth ?

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  • nsindian
    nsindian May 11, 2010

    what kind of services do you have running or starting on server?

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1 Answer

A good proxy software


Proxy server is for internet caching.
I suggest the following:
If your server running Linux, Squid is a good proxy software ...

If your server running Windows ISA server from Microsoft is a
good alternative.

Jan 12, 2009 | Computers & Internet

Tip

Set up a home office LAN which access internet through USB wireless gadget


The following networking job I have done in this Lab. It is enough for a small office to access or transfer file Printing and access of shared Internet in different type of operating system.

We have recently set up a home office (small laboratory) LAN. All the computers access the internet through a USB wireless (CMDA) dongle. The USB stick is Huawei EC168C and internet service provider is Reliance Infocom (India). But any USB internet dongle can be use to share internet in a LAN in the following way. And you don't need a router for that. In the areas where ISP cannot give wire line internet connection this type of USB wireless sticks are really helpful for home office.


Basic LAN Connection:

Here this lab has 4 PCs. One Windows XP, another Windows Vista starter and two RedHat Linux server systems. Here in this lab I have done the basic LAN connection using cat5 cable & RJ45 connector and an 8 port hub. I have connect the two windows based OS. Using cross cable I have connected two windows system with the hub. Then I put static IP address in Ipv4 of TCP/IP. After that I set workgroup name to join in a workgroup in windows PCs. Then I tried to ping the systems, and it was pinging. Then I have setup a home or small office network in both windows system. That I have enabled the Printer sharing. After that I can share file, data and printer through the system gateway.

Now I have to connect other two Linux PCs in this network. With same cross cable I have joined the both Linux system with the hub. Then to detect the Ethernet device I have put down "DEVICE=eth0" entry in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file. Then I set IP address in Ethernet device in network configuration in graphical mode (or System-config-network in text mode).After doing this job I restart the network service with "service network restart" command. Then I am trying to ping the systems to one another, And It was pinging.

Now Linux system can access with each other and files also shared through SSH, Telnet,FTP using process and command.

Linux Configuration:

I have configured the Linux system in the following way. First I have set the host name in /etc/sysconfig/network file by VI editor. Next I have edit /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file with "Device=eth0" to detect the Ethernet device. After that I have put the IP add in network configuration file and Restart the network service. To keep the eth0 on permanently I also use the chkconfig command.

After doing this job File sharing can be possible through network file sharing (Nfs). I have install Nfs package & shared the nfs dir by editing exports file. Then I am trying to automount the NFS dir by automounting process. So that I put automounting entry of nfs file in fstab file. After that it's automounted in other system's mount location.

Windows & Linux Networking:

Through basic LAN both OS can only ping each other. To share file or data samba server (a client server in Linux) must be configured in Linux system. So I Install smb rpm package from yum repository. Then I have Configure the samba/smb.conf file. I put the Workgroup name on Workgroup column of samba/smb.conf file. Then I Set the network IP without host to route in network in Host allow column. At last I put down all details of Samba dir, users at the end of the configuration file set the samba password. After that I restart the samba demon to up the samba server. Now files can shared through samba server. In windows I Set the workgroup name pairs with samba server and also set username and password same as samba server. Now I trying to send or access file through samba in both OS and it happened.

USB Net Connect:

Here in this lab workers are use internet from an Usb net connect. So it must be shared in Network. It is too fast so shared internet can be access easily. In Windows XP system I connect the USB netconnect & share it in network. IF all the network setting is ok then all the systems can access shared internet through gateway. Here all users use this shared internet now.

Access of Another System:
VNC Server & Viewer is software through which we can access of another system easily. I just install the software & set the password. Then I run the vnc server. After that I Put the IP add of vncserver from vncviewer of another system and type the password & start access the vnc server system. It can be access form WAN also. I just Run the Vnc server and connect the internet and I got a Wan IP add provided by ISP.

on Jan 12, 2011 | Network Computing Devices (NSH800S/A)...

Tip

How to divide bandwidth in squid


What is Bandwidth throttling :

Consider we are having 512Kbps Internet connection line. And the system administrator wants to divide the whole bandwidth into two sections. Read More One for the normal users and the other for special users who need high speed internet connection. So that all the normal users can use 256 Kbps and the special users can use the remaining 256 Kbps. So in this case you have to make a bandwidth throttling to differentiate the whole single pipe line into two sections. This can be achieved using squid proxy server.

Squid main configuration file ----- /etc/squid/squid.conf
Squid log file ----- /var/log/squid/access.log
Cache log file ----- /var/log/squid/cache.log

Bandwidth throttling in squid is done using Delay Pools. Delay pools uses bucketing system.

Throttle Calculations
512Kbps(Kilo bits per second) -----> 64Kbytes -----> 64000bytes
256Kbps -----> 32Kbytes -----> 32000bytes
128Kbps -----> 16Kbytes -----> 16000bytes
64Kbps -----> 8Kbytes -----> 8000bytes

Points to remember in Delay Pools:
There are basically three things to note, they are - delay pools, delay class, delay parameters.

Delay pool --- Defines how many pools we want to use
Delay Class ---- Defines type of the pool you are going to use.
Delay Parameter � allots the restrictions and fill rate/maximum bucket size.

As I have said previously in this documentation delay pools uses bucketing system.
Now there are three types of buckets

Class 1 pool: A single aggregate bucket, shared by all users
Class 2 pool: One aggregate bucket, 256 individual buckets
Class 3 pool: One aggregate bucket, 256 network buckets, 65,536 individual buckets

If you still have any problem in the above syntax (ie) aggregate, network and individual buckets to understand, then here is a simple syntax/example for all these

For Class 1 delay pool
delay_parameters 1 32000/32000

For Class 2 delay pool
delay_parameters 1 48000/48000 48000/48000

For Class 3 delay pool
delay_parameters 2 32000/32000 8000/8000 16384/16384

Example Setup:
One 512Kbps pipe line. We want to distribute the whole pipe line into 2. One for normal users and other for special users as follows
Normal users --- 128 Kbps
Special Users --- 384 Kbps

Configuration Setup File /etc/squid/squid.conf:
Before getting into the delay pools setup first create the acl(Access Control List). Through acl you can define rules according to your requirements. Find the Access Control section in the squid.conf file.
Here is an example:

acl superusers src 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3
acl mynetwork src 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0

Here in the above example only three users are special users who need 256Kbps bandwidth which are listed in the specialusers label and the whole network including he special users are labeled as mynetwork.

After creating the users you have to allow them to access the internet. Below line specifies for allowing the mentioned labeled users.

http_access allow superusers
http_access allow mynetwork

Now comes the funny part Delay Pools. Here We will deal with a basic example for delay pools.

The example is as follows: We are having 512Kbps pipe line connection. We want to divide it into segments one for the special users, web servers and the other for the normal users in the organization. The special users and the web servers are given 384Kbps speed and the remaining 128Kbps for the normal users.

Delay Pools for super users:
Check for the delay pools section in the squid.conf file.
Start the configuration for delay pools as follows
==================================
########## Delay Pools############
==================================

delay_pools 2

As described above we have to create 2 delay pools, one for each delay class.
====================================================
######### Defining Delay pool 1 in class 2 #########
====================================================

delay_class 1 2
delay_parameters 1 48000/48000 48000/48000
delay_access 1 allow superusers

The first line specifies Delay Class which defines delay pool 1 for the delay class 2.

Why we are using delay class 2 here?

The first part on the second line ie �1� defines the pool One(1)

The second part on second line defines the aggregate 48000/48000(restore/max). where restore is the number of bytes (not bits - modem and network speeds are usually quoted in bits) per second placed into the bucket, and maximum is the maximum number of bytes which can be in the bucket at any time.

The third part on second line is individual buckets again 48000/48000(restore/max). All the special users and the web servers should obtain the same speed of 384 Kbps.

The third line allows the super users to fall in that bucket.

=====================================================
######### Defining Delay pool 2 in class 3 #########
=====================================================

Delay Pools for normal users:

delay_class 2 3
delay_parameters 2 32000/32000 8000/8000 16384/16384
delay_access 2 allow !superusers

The first line specifies Delay Class which defines delay pool 2 for the delay class 3.

The first part on the second line ie �2� defines the pool Two(2) of class three(3)

The second part on second line defines the aggregate 32000/32000(restore/max) as aggregate (ie for whole).
Note : - If you use -1/-1. �-1� indicates �unlimited�.

The third part on second line is network bucket. We have defined here 8000/8000 .

The fourth part on second line is for individual.

The third line specifies to throttle all the users except the super users.

How to check:
First set proxy settings in your browser as follows:
Go to any client machine and open an IE(Internet Explorer). Select "Tools" menu then select "Internet Options" then select "Connections" tab. After that select the "LAN Settings" button, you will get a new pop-up window there you select "Use proxy server for your LAN" check box and finally give your squid proxy servers ip address and the port on which the squid proxy server is configured. Now press "OK" and again press "OK". Cloase the window and now open a new window.
Second Check by downloading any large file

Start to download any lage file not less than 10MB size. Because when ever you download any small file it used to download it quickly. When you start downloading large file at first if you note some starting bytes of the file gets downloaded quickly and later it gets slowed down.

Keep a note on the download pop-up box which shows the speed limits in "kbps". When we start downloading note on the pop-up box the speed limits in kbps shows high value and then slowly gets decreased. This means when you start downloading the bucket gets filled and slowly it decreases and becomes stable to the specified limit in Kbps according to the configuration. Remember again as i told restore value is used to set the download speed, and the max value lets you set the size at which the files are to be slowed down from.

on Apr 24, 2010 | fedora Linux Operating System

1 Answer

Internet Bandwidth problem


try and get install polipo

it may solve ur promblem

Jun 17, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Low bandwidth in linux


Bandwidth is related to several factors:
- dedicated vs shared "on-ramp" (DSL is dedicated, good)
- Ethernet card used in the machine (single vs. dual buffers and piplining vs non) - don't know but it may be the card, more expensive cards are often worth the cost.
- drivers for the cards. If the Linux drivers (older than the Windows versions usually) don't allow for the dual buffers or piplining capability then you won't get the rated speed.

You may also have issues with the wrong drivers for your card. It may work but not work well - timing is everything with drivers.

Your description says that with another machine (a different card and drivers) it almost works. It is NOT the operating system. Typically Linux is faster on most things than Windows. It is NOT the BNSL provider. Has to be the card or its drivers.

Jun 16, 2008 | Computers & Internet

3 Answers

Obtain low bandwidh in linux


Sorry, I have no idea about Linux. Could be the software that is causing this issue..
I have forwarded this request to other Experts here who have more knowledge on this subject. Hopefully they should respond to your query within the next couple of hours..

Jun 13, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Linux operating system show me the low bandwidth


This sounds like your Net cards are limiting your Band or that in your linux boxes you have set a bandwidth limit somewhere.

-Rel

May 30, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Squid problem


Sorry dear...you cannot configure squid for that ...since squid is a http proxy ..cannot operate it in use for smtp/pop3 connectivity ....
Cheers - Parveen

Feb 22, 2008 | Computers & Internet

2 Answers

Download MAil From JAna SErver


Hello Sir,

As my internet is shared through cc proxy
I have to put proxies to all of my programs so that they can run.
Unfortunatelly the only one I cannot get running is outlook express.
When I try to edit the outlook proxy settings it sends me to Internet Explorer's settings
(which makes me think that outlook and internet explorer share the same proxy settings).
The strangest thing is that IE runs with no problems
but outlook express cannot connect to the server.
It says that the server cannot be found (both incoming and outgoing)
Could you please advise me how to make the outlook running.
Also I had try to install squid 2.7 proxy on win2k8 but i m getting some error with squid service is not runniong on win2k8 it says create services failed ...please advice me which proxy server i can use our network ( my task is only i want 2 secure internet & block some sites on my internet and outlook should be a work )

Thank you very much.
Have a great day,



Regards
Ashok

Jan 17, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Firewall is not configered is linux centos


try and go for it..all d best...


**********
Use yum command as follows:
# yum install squid
Output:
Loading "installonlyn" plugin Setting up Install Process Setting up repositories Reading repository metadata in from local files Parsing package install arguments Resolving Dependencies --> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait. ---> Package squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 set to be updated --> Running transaction check Dependencies Resolved ============================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ============================================================================= Installing: squid i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 updates 1.2 M Transaction Summary ============================================================================= Install 1 Package(s) Update 0 Package(s) Remove 0 Package(s) Total download size: 1.2 M Is this ok [y/N]: y Downloading Packages: Running Transaction Test Finished Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing: squid ######################### [1/1] Installed: squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 Complete! Squid Basic Configuration Squid configuration file located at /etc/squid/squid.conf. Open file using a text editor:
# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
At least you need to define ACL (access control list) to work with squid. The defaults port is TCP 3128. Following example ACL allowing access from your local networks 192.168.1.0/24 and 192.168.2.0/24. Make sure you adapt to list your internal IP networks from where browsing should be allowed:
acl our_networks src 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.2.0/24
http_access allow our_networks
Save and close the file. Start squid proxy server:
# chkconfig squid on
# /etc/init.d/squid start
Output:
init_cache_dir /var/spool/squid... Starting squid: . [ OK ] Verify port 3128 is open:
# netstat -tulpn | grep 3128
Output:
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3128 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 20653/(squid) Open TCP port 3128 Finally make sure iptables is allowing to access squid proxy server. Just open /etc/sysconfig/iptables file:
# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
Append configuration:
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3128 -j ACCEPT
Restart iptables based firewall:
# /etc/init.d/iptables restart
Output:
Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ] Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [ OK ] Unloading iptables modules: [ OK ] Applying iptables firewall rules: [ OK ] Loading additional iptables modules: ip_conntrack_netbios_n[ OK ] Client configuration Open a webbrowser > Tools > Internet option > Network settings > and setup Squid server IP address and port # 3128.
See also You may find our previous squid tips useful:

Nov 26, 2007 | Computers & Internet

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