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Re: Kenore Sewing Machine Model # 158 Series
Remove the needle plate and clean the lint from the grooves in between the teeth. If there is none, while the plate is off ,move the lever and see if they will raise and lower. If they will not, you probably need to see a technician. sewman7
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Check that the feed dogs have not been dropped for darning or free motion quilting. If the feed dogs do not rise above the needleplate, they will not pull the fabric through the machine.
Feed dogs do wear (which is why one should always sew with fabric against the feed dogs--never on bare metal).
Something else that happens is that gunk builds up between the teeth of the feed dogs so that they no longer have the grip they need to move the fabric.
Another thing to check is the presser foot "pressure." A lot of sewing machines have a pressure adjustment that increases or decreases the amount of pressure the presser foot applies to the fabric and feed dogs. (Consult your owners manual.) he pressure can be adjusted according to the type of fabric being sewn.
Unable to locate much information about your make/model machine.
If your machine has the capability of dropping the feed dogs for darning or free motion quilting, check that the feed dogs are in the up position for sewing. Also, verify that the stitch length is set to at least #2. Any shorter stitch selection will cause the machine to advance the fabric so slightly that it will nearly sew in place.
Some machines also have a pressure adjustment for the presser foot. If the fabric you are sewing is very fine, the feed dogs may have difficulty gripping the fabric to advance it through the machine. You can add body to the fabric by including a stabilizer when sewing the fabric, ie a wash-away stabilizer.
Is the feed dog raised into sewing position and not dropped as for darning? Feed dogs need to be in the raised position in order to pull the fabric through the machine.
If the stitch length is set too short, it will cause the fabric to barely move thereby causing the machine to stitch in one place.
Raise your presser foot and gently rotate the handwheel and watch the feed dogs. Do they rise when coming to the front of the machine, move toward the back of the machine, drop down below the needle plate, and move forward to the front of the machine again? If so, the feed dogs are working properly.
If the feed dogs never rise, they are in the dropped position for darning or free motion quilting when you would move the fabric manually.
If, on the other hand, the feed dogs do not move at all, then they are seized and you should probably get your machine serviced.
under the foot around the needle, there should be two rows of what look like teeth, these pull the material through and there will be an adjustment mechanism on the machine. Try leaving the foot up while you run the machine, you should see the teeth going up and down; if they are it is most likely just a case of setting up the amount of pull. I think it is adjusted with the wheel that sets the length of stitch.
The feed dog are probably dropped lower than the the throat plate. Most machines have a setting for darning that requires that the feed dog to be dropped below the sewing surface. There is a separate knob to change the feed dog from this lowered position so the feed dog, when the balance wheel is rotated will come up above the sewing surface to move the material. Another thing could be that the stitch length lever is set on "0". This is basically telling your machine not to advance any material through it and you will get a big knot instead
Manual seems to imply that you have to cover the needle plate with a "darning plate," which just build up the area around the feed dogs so they don't reach the fabric--pretty inelegant, plus I wonder if you can even find the darning plate anymore. Let me know if you figure out anything else!
Feed dog lever should lower the feed dogs, these are the teeth that grip and move the fabric foward and backwards as the needle goes up and down, they are under the needle plate.
Only time you would lower the feed dogs is if you want to do free motion embroidery or darning perhaps.
So no, don't touch for normal seam stitching. If you are sewing very heavy fabric you may want to lessen the pressure on the presser foot a little (if your machine has this adjustment it will be a knob on top of the head above the pressure foot area).
You may find that your machine doesn't really like very thick fabrics. Sewing something like upholstery weight with a domestic machine is pretty ambitious; an industrial strength machine is best bet.
Could be the feed dogs are not advancing the fabric. First check to insure that your stitch length is adjusted correctly. Also insure that the clutch wheel is tightened (little wheel inside the big wheel). If stitch length is set to 1 or 0 (darning setting) this is your problem. If the stitch length is correct then rotate the machine by hand and watch the feed dogs to insure that they are moving in an elliptical pattern and rising above the throat plate. If the feed dogs are not moving then the hex screws securing the connecting rod that connects the feed dog mechanism to the drive shaft may have worked loose. If this is the case the timing will need to be readjusted and the screws tightened.