Question about Microsoft Windows XP Professional With Servise Pack 2 (e8503040) for PC

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Sam Yes I want to know about this that your talking about the sam file so can I rename the sam file on the pc I need help with or like you said something about HDD what is that ?

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passwords to any of the administrative accounts and needed administrative access:

Boot to a windows boot disk and mount the NTFS partition using NTFSDOS if needed.
Rename the SAM.* file to anything memorable to you
Reboot the system and login as 'administrator' with a blank password.
Create a batch file with the following lines:
net user newuser newpass /ADD
net localgroup /ADD administrators newuser

Save that .bat file and then schedule it with the AT command for 10 minutes into the future
Reboot the system with the boot disk and delete the SAM.* file
Rename the original SAM back to SAM.*
Reboot and wait 10 -15 minutes to give your batch file a chance to execute
Log on as 'newuser' and you're in business

Posted on Jun 17, 2008

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Please Help!! my pc is not getting any anti virus installed(i tried kaspersky,eset,avira,bit defender etc),some virus(i don't know the name) is infecting my pc.. it slowed down speed of my...


Yes, this sounds like a serious virus infection.
Try this:
1. Download a free Antivirus program like Avast:
http://download.cnet.com/Avast-Free-Antivirus/3000-2239_4-10019223.html?part=dl-85737&subj=dl&tag=button
2. Your downloaded file will be "setup_av_free.exe".
3. Instead of opening the exe file as is, rename the file first. You can rename a file by selecting it then right click then choose "rename". For example, you can rename the file to "paris.exe" or whatever you want.
4. After renaming the file, you can now run and install it.
Note: Some viruses recognize antivirus programs because they know the installer file names. By renaming the installer file, you are tricking the virus into allowing you to install the antivirus application.

Mar 23, 2011 | Operating Systems

Tip

All about Windows SAM file


<b>Section 1 : General Information</b><br /> As you may or may not know, all of the passwords on a Windows XP computer are stored in a SAM File. This file is located on your computer's hard drive in the directory "C:WINDOWSSystem32Config" The file's name is SAM, obviously. Now, you may be thinking, "Wow, this was incredibly easy, I just right click the file, and click send to a floppy or where ever. Well, unfortunately, it isn't that simple. I will detail the various methods of getting the SAM file in the next section.<br /> <br /> <b>Section 2 : Obtaining the SAM file</b><br /> In the previous section, I discussed where the SAM file was found. As you may have found out, when you attempt to copy this file, you get a nasty error saying something along the lines of "Access is denied. File is in use." The SAM file is in use by the system, so you cannot just go to task manager, and end the process. You need to find alternate methods of starting up the computer without using the SAM file. As far as I know, this can be done several ways. <br /> <br /> Booting the computer up into Linux using a boot CD or floppy is one method. To use this method, you will need a Linux Boot CD, and access to BIOS. If you don't have access to BIOS then consult one of the many tutorials on the web on how to crack the BIOS password. <br /> <br /> To make a bootable Linux CD, you have to find a version of Linux, which can be burned and run off a CD (To find these, consult my links, or search google). This should be relatively easy to find. Next you need some kind of burning software, which allows you to burn an image onto a CD (Consult Links, or search google). This a bit harder to find for free, but a demo works just fine. After you have these, burn the image to the CD. You now have a Linux Boot CD.<br /> <br /> Now to alter the BIOS settings, so that you can boot into Linux from the CD. Shut down your computer, and during the start up screen, you should see a notice to press F1 or F8 (Maybe a different key) to enter Boot setup. Press it. This will take you into the BIOS, however, if there is a password on the BIOS, then you have to consult an article about cracking BIOS passwords. Next go to Boot Order and change the CD drive to first. Save your changes, insert your Linux CD and exit. Let the system boot up. It should boot into Linux if you did everything correctly. Now all you have to do is insert a blank floppy, and copy the SAM file to it, since it is not in use anymore because Windows is not running. Congratulations, you now have the SAM file. Be sure to get the SYSTEM file in the same directory as well, as some passwords are encrypted with keys from within that file.<br /> <br /> Another, somewhat easier way of obtaining the files is using a MSDOS boot disk. This method doesn't require you to go looking for some software, or using special burning software. Just insert a floppy, right click on it in My Computer, and click on format floppy. When the menu appears, mark the box for "Create a MS-DOS startup boot disk", and then click the start button. After you have made your disk, restart your computer with the disk still in the drive. Make sure you BIOS settings boot from the floppy drive before the hard-drive. When the computer boots, you should se a screen similar to that I command prompt. "A:&gt;" is most likely the prompt you will see. First you need to change drives to the c drive. This is done various ways on different computers. "cd C:" or "C:" usually work. Next you will need to use the copy command to copy the SAM and SYSTEM files to other areas of the hard drive. The syntax for the copy command is as follows without the quotes : "C:Copy (file to be copied) (destination)" so the correct command which will get the file for you is "C:Copy C:WINDOWSSystem32ConfigSAM C:" This will copy the SAM file to the C drive. Replace "SAM" with "SYSTEM" to get the system file. Next you might want to rename these files. This is the syntax for the Rename command : "C:ren (file to be renamed) (new file name)". The command, which will rename your files for you, will be "C:ren C:SAM Whatever" if you saved it to the C drive. This will rename you SAM file to Whatever. Now restart your computer without the boot disk in and start up windows. Copy the files onto a floppy. Note : you may have to zip it as the SYSTEM file is pretty big. The reason these methods work, are because the SAM file is not in use when you aren't running Windows, and when u copied and renamed the file, it did not get used by windows when you logged on. Now on to the easy part, cracking the SAM file.<br /> <br /> <b>Section 3 : Cracking the SAM file</b><br /> There is a wealth of programs available that will crack the SAM file for you. You can also attempt to crack it by hand. I having neither the time nor the skill required to do this, used a program. Some programs I recommend are SAMinside, which unfortunately costs money, Proactive Windows Security Explorer, which actually can import the SAM file from memory, so you will not need to obtain it by yourself if you are doing this on your home computer, and of course CAIN and ABEL will do the trick as well. Most of these programs test about 4 to 5 million passwords per second, at least on my machine, so if the password if below 7 characters, it should be able to crack it in one day. However, if the password is 7 or more characters in length, then it will take a substantial amount of time. When I did this, my password was 7 characters in length and it took my computer just over 3 days to crack it.

on Dec 24, 2010 | Operating Systems

1 Answer

Is there a simple way to change my sounds from ''microsoft Sam'' to a natural human voice?? please advise


NO, Microsoft Sam is the default voice for ur computer...... I mean Microsoft Windows.....
but u can google it....... search for "narrtator download"......

there is one way I know, but u askd for simple ways..... I gues there is none......

search for an alternative..........

Jul 06, 2009 | Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition with...

1 Answer

Automatic logoff


this is the problem in ur window SAM file repair ur sam file with OS cd boot thow cd at the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: cd system32
copy userinit.exe wsaupdater.exe
exit
hope ur problem solved

Jun 22, 2009 | Operating Systems

1 Answer

Windows xp /ubuntu


It will be better if you print these instructions since you will need to type many commands later. I'm typing a detailed procedure to recover your windows.


It's possible that somehow your Windows registry is corrupted. But there is a backup. Only thing is you need to manually restore it.

Boot using your Windows XP cd in the drive and press enter when it asks to boot from CD (if it does not ask, then you will need to go to the CMOS setup by pressing DEL or F2 key and change the boot sequence)

Now, when booting from XP CD, it asks if you want to do a recovery, press R and you will get this screen:


Microsoft Windows(R) Recovery Console 

The Recovery Console provides system repair and recovery functionality. 
Type EXIT to quit the Recovery Console and restart the computer. 

1: C:\WINDOWS

Which Windows Installation would you like to log onto 
(To cancel, press ENTER)? 



Type 1 and press enter.

Now type the commands I am putting below, one by one per line and press enter after every line.

md c:\tmp

cd system32\config

copy system c:\tmp\system.bak 

copy software c:\tmp\software.bak

copy sam c:\tmp\sam.bak

copy security c:\tmp\security.bak

copy default c:\tmp\default.bak

del system software sam security default

Now, type these commands: (Take care to type the dot as it is)

copy c:\windows\repair\system .

copy c:\windows\repair\software .

copy c:\windows\repair\sam .

copy c:\windows\repair\security .

copy c:\windows\repair\default .


Now type exit and press enter and the system will reboot.

Remove the CD and boot normally in Windows (even if you get the grub menu)

If it boots in to windows, then do the following:


Start Windows Explorer. 

On the Tools menu, click Folder options. 

Click the View tab. 

Under Hidden files and folders, click to select Show hidden files and folders, and then click to clear the "Hide protected operating system files (Recommended)" check box. 

Click Yes when the dialog box is displayed that confirms that you want to display these files. 

Double-click the drive where you installed Windows XP to get a list of the folders. It's important to click the correct drive. 

Open the System Volume Information folder. This folder appears dimmed because it is set as a super-hidden folder. 

This folder contains one or more _restore {GUID} folders such as "_restore{87BD3667-3246-476B-923F-F86E30B3E7F8}".

Open a folder that was not created at the current time. You may have to click Details on the View menu to see when these folders were created. There may be one or more folders starting with "RP x under this folder. These are restore points. 

Open one of these folders to locate a Snapshot subfolder; the following path is an example of a folder path to the Snapshot folder: 

C:System Volume Information_restore{D86480E3-73EF-47BC-A0EB-A81BE6EE3ED8}RP1Snapshot 

From the Snapshot folder, copy the following files to the C:\tmp folder with the mouse: 
_registry_user_.default
_registry_machine_security 
_registry_machine_software 
_registry_machine_system 
_registry_machine_sam


Now, once again put your XP CD in to your CD Drive and reboot using the CD. Again press R for the recovery console.

At the console, type these commands one by one per line and press enter after every command:

cd system32\config

del sam security software default system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_software system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_system system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_sam sam

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_security security 

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_user_.default default 


Now type exit and remove the CD. Boot normally in Windows and you must be back to normal.

HTH,
Regards,
Deboo

Feb 14, 2009 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional With...

1 Answer

How to recover the windows server2003 (missing file c:\ windows\system32\config\system


Two options:

Either reinstall Windows

OR

Follow the procedure below

It will be better if you print these instructions since you will need to type many commands later. I'm typing a detailed procedure to recover your windows.


It's possible that somehow your Windows registry is corrupted. But there is a backup. Only thing is you need to manually restore it.

Boot using your Windows XP cd in the drive and press enter when it asks to boot from CD (if it does not ask, then you will need to go to the CMOS setup by pressing DEL or F2 key and change the boot sequence)

Now, when booting from 2003 CD, it asks if you want to do a recovery, press R and you will get this screen:


Microsoft Windows(R) Recovery Console 

The Recovery Console provides system repair and recovery functionality. 
Type EXIT to quit the Recovery Console and restart the computer. 

1: C:\WINDOWS

Which Windows Installation would you like to log onto 
(To cancel, press ENTER)? 



Type 1 and press enter.


Now type the commands I am putting below, one by one per line and press enter after every line.


md c:\tmp


cd system32\config


copy system c:\tmp\system.bak 


copy software c:\tmp\software.bak


copy sam c:\tmp\sam.bak


copy security c:\tmp\security.bak


copy default c:\tmp\default.bak


del system software sam security default



Now, type these commands: (Take care to type the dot as it is)

copy c:\windows\repair\system .

copy c:\windows\repair\software .

copy c:\windows\repair\sam .

copy c:\windows\repair\security .

copy c:\windows\repair\default .


Now type exit and press enter and the system will reboot.

Remove the CD and boot normally in Windows .

If the PC boots in to windows, then do the following:

Start Windows Explorer. 

On the Tools menu, click Folder options. 

Click the View tab. 

Under Hidden files and folders, click to select Show hidden files and folders, and then click to clear the "Hide protected operating system files (Recommended)" check box. 

Click Yes when the dialog box is displayed that confirms that you want to display these files. 

Double-click the drive where you installed Windows XP to get a list of the folders. It's important to click the correct drive. 

Open the System Volume Information folder. This folder appears dimmed because it is set as a super-hidden folder. 

This folder contains one or more _restore {GUID} folders such as "_restore{87BD3667-3246-476B-923F-F86E30B3E7F8}".

Open a folder that was not created at the current time. You may have to click Details on the View menu to see when these folders were created. There may be one or more folders starting with "RP x under this folder. These are restore points. 

Open one of these folders to locate a Snapshot subfolder; the following path is an example of a folder path to the Snapshot folder: 

C:System Volume Information_restore{D86480E3-73EF-47BC-A0EB-A81BE6EE3ED8}RP1Snapshot 


From the Snapshot folder, copy the following files to the C:\tmp folder with the mouse: 
_registry_user_.default
_registry_machine_security 
_registry_machine_software 
_registry_machine_system 
_registry_machine_sam


Now, once again put your Windows 2003 CD in to your CD Drive and reboot using the CD. Again press R for the recovery console.

At the console, type these commands one by one per line and press enter after every command:

cd system32\config

del sam security software default system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_software system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_system system

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_sam sam

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_machine_security security 

copy c:\windows\tmp\_registry_user_.default default 


Now type exit and remove the CD. Boot normally in Windows and you must be back to normal.

If in case, Windows doesn't boot even following this procedure, then you need to reinstall windows. BUT you can still try a repair install instead of a normal install since that will let your programs and settings remain as they are, intact.

Post back and I will reply with that procedure.

HTH,
Regards,
Deboo

Feb 14, 2009 | Microsoft Windows Server Standard 2003 for...

2 Answers

Where we store the password in windows xp..?


The password is store in the SAM, which is encrypted. If you want to recover a password, you need a password cracker like this


Good luck

Dec 13, 2008 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional With...

3 Answers

Forgot password


hai

do you have win98 cd, if it so boot the machine from the 98 cd,

rename the sam file from the location c:\windows\system32\config

the you can find the SAM file, rename the file to sam.old

Oct 03, 2008 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional With...

10 Answers

Erd commander for win vista


Where can I down load ERD Commander for vista version?

Jun 19, 2008 | Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium with...

1 Answer

Sam file


Use the windows installation disk to perform a repair install.

Or a alternative way would be to start the windows setup and then start the repair console when asked to.

then copy the c:\windows\repair\sam file to c:\windows\system32\config\

May 16, 2008 | Microsoft Windows Xp Home Edition English...

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