The usual thing happened... tape stopped playing, machine turned off, turned machine back on and it ejected tape with some of it hanging out. Normally I just push tape back in and it corrects itself, but this time it just hung. I couldn't get the machine to release the tape (stuck in down (play) position), so I removed the lid, the front panel and the top bracket. Then I cut the protection piece off the tape cartridge and slid the tape out from the mechanism and thru the front (where I had removed the panel).
I put the machine back together, except for the lid (which I never screw back on anyway). I plugged it in and it went thru the load/unload movements twice. Then I put a tape in and the spindles did not move to grab the tape. It just spun as in fast forward and the take-up reel could not keep up with the feed reel. Note: When I put the tape in I heard a loud noise and suspect something snapped, probably a nylon piece. I uplugged it right away, but it was too late. I need a schematic to figure out what has broken and if it can be fixed.
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When a VCR encounters a mechanical problem, the electronics will stop playback and shut it down. I suspect that fault has developed in the mechanism and that the tape becomes jammed. The only way to find out it to take off the top cover and watch what happens when the video tape is played.
Mine did that, and when I opened it I found that a small drive belt (visible from the bottom with the cover removed) had deteriorated into goo. This unit had been in storage a while and the rubber just deteriorated, I guess. The trouble is that now I cant tell what size it is, or what length. I think this belt drives the mechanism that loads the tape in and out, and the rest of the mechanism is triggered by the tape cassette moving into position. Since it cant get loaded properly, the rest of the machine doesnt work right, either.
does ur vcr have a idler wheel or gears (between both spindles?) if its an idler wheel, with rubber band it commonly can go bad. their a pain. unfortunately there may not be a replacemant part. if nopt, inspect the belt for cracks or glazing. it needs friction to spin the spindle to take up the tape being played. or if ejecting, to wind the tape back in the cassete. take off the cover of vcr and watch. if the right side wheel of tape is not turning while playing, theres ur problem. the tape is instead floating every whichway. another possibility could be a belt on the right spindle. if any bands need replacing, use an ordinary rubber band ,. should work just as good
When a VCR eats a tape, it can be cause by a couple things.
1. There is a rubber wheel called a "pincher wheel" that compresses the tape against the "capstan". The capstan is a shiny metal spindle connected to a motor. The pincher wheel can become worn and/or dirty (slick) from the oxide coating off of the tape. You can try cleaning the pincher wheel and capstan with alcohol or try using a re-grip solution on the pincher wheel. Last thing to do is replace the pincher wheel. Look to see that the pincher wheel is doing its job by pulling the tape through. The pincher wheel & capstan are not used during a fast forward or fast rewind, so if your tape is getting caught during the FF or RW and not Play, it's probably not related to capstan & pincher wheel.
2. There is a small tire wheel called an idler tire. This tire pivots between the sending and pickup reels of the player. Its also used during fast forward & rewind as well as play. If the tire is worn, the tape won't be wound up as fast on the take-up reel as the sending reel during play. This means more tape is coming out of the cassette than can be wound up on the takeup reel. You can try using a re-grip solution on the idler tire or replace it.
3. There's also a brake pad that is designed to grab and stop the tape wheels from spinning when you hit stop. If those pads are worn, the wheels will not stop fast enough and the tape will continue to feed (spool) out of the cassette and not be taken up by the other wheel.
So when when you hit eject, the excess tape that should have been wound up tight in the cassette before the eject sequence, is getting caught inside the player.
Let me know if I can be of further assistance to you.
you should take the bottom off and you will see a gear with a belt around it try to turn it the same direction as when it is turned off, do not force it but it may need a little force to move the wheel.
When a tape won't eject, the problem can be caused by several things.
The most common problem is that the belt that operates the eject mechanism is slipping and not allowing it to eject the tape. This can be fixed by either using a re-grip solution on the belt or have the belt replaced.
Belts are inexpensive but sometimes difficult to get to. Most of the repair expense will be in the labor.
Unplug the unit and take the cover off. Hopefully there will be enough clearance so you can get to the tape. Try to find the motor and belt that is responsible for operating the eject mechanism. The motor will look like a shiny cylinder, about the diameter of a quarter and will have a plastic pulley attched to the shaft.
You can rotate the pulley and belt with your fingers and manually eject the tape. If the tape is around the spindles and video head, you will need to manually move the mechansim that retracts the spindles and returns the tape to the cartridge.
While you may be successful in getting the tape out, you need to find out what caused the problem in the first place. Putting in another tape will most like become stuck again unless the problem is identified and resolved.
Also look for a broken spring or cracked gear (missing teeth) in the eject mechanism.
Please let me know if I can be of further assistance
you posted 2 different problems here... to answer this one ". The tape is stuck, won't eject and I'd like to get it out without damaging the VCR unit."...open unit, find motor that moves tape ejector and spin that motor by hand (power off)
the other problem, "the VCR will not insert a tape. It keeps rejecting it."...open unit and fully turn ejection motor until home position is reached...this is a home sensor switch not being activated.
I think what you are referring to is the pinch roller. This roller sits at the right side of the mechanism, and in play mode, presses the tape up against the capstan shaft. These pull the tape through the machine at a precise regulated speed. If the roller isn't being engaged or the capstan isn't turning, then these conditions need to be corrected. Does the capstan turn freely? How about the noted roller? Perhaps lubricant has dried/hardened/gotten sticky...
There is electronic circuitry for the capstan motor (a direct drive type motor integrated on the underneath side. Something could be awry with this circuitry.
There is a drive clutch mechanism which could also be defective. This drive clutch assembly sits in between & swivels between the supply and takeup spindle, depending on whether VCR is in Play/FFWD or REW. In the Play/FFWD, it is engaging the right spindle (takeup) and in REW the left spindle (supply). If this is what you are describing, perhaps this clutch unit needs replacement or the grease at its pivot is hardened/sticky.
Most VCRs of the last 10+ years don't use a rubber tired drive (very common on late '80s VCRs), rather a gear toothed drive.
Beyond a simple mechanical problem, repair might not be economical feasible. Most VCRs of the last 10+ years are poor quality, disposable, unlike the machines of the '80s and early '90s, which were built like tanks comparitively speaking.