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Linux operating system show me the low bandwidth

I m using a Redhat linux AS 4 proxy server in my office,in which I configure squid 2.5 for sharing the internet(BSNL dataone leased line).the band width provided by the ISP is 2 mbps,but when I check the bandwidth in http://dataone.in from the proxy server it shows around 400 kbps.

I connect a windows XP based PC to the same port I use for the server in NORTEL 8300 switch.I got the increased bandwidth (around 1.77 mbps). Then I tried the same with another linux based client PC & again I got low bandwith. I use the IE 6 in XP & Mozilla in Linux to check the bandwidth in http://dataone.in

can anybody tell me why linux operating system show me the low bandwidth ?

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  • 65 Answers

This sounds like your Net cards are limiting your Band or that in your linux boxes you have set a bandwidth limit somewhere.

-Rel

Posted on May 30, 2008

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1 Answer

A good proxy software


Proxy server is for internet caching.
I suggest the following:
If your server running Linux, Squid is a good proxy software ...

If your server running Windows ISA server from Microsoft is a
good alternative.

Jan 12, 2009 | Computers & Internet

Tip

How to divide bandwidth in squid


What is Bandwidth throttling :

Consider we are having 512Kbps Internet connection line. And the system administrator wants to divide the whole bandwidth into two sections. Read More One for the normal users and the other for special users who need high speed internet connection. So that all the normal users can use 256 Kbps and the special users can use the remaining 256 Kbps. So in this case you have to make a bandwidth throttling to differentiate the whole single pipe line into two sections. This can be achieved using squid proxy server.

Squid main configuration file ----- /etc/squid/squid.conf
Squid log file ----- /var/log/squid/access.log
Cache log file ----- /var/log/squid/cache.log

Bandwidth throttling in squid is done using Delay Pools. Delay pools uses bucketing system.

Throttle Calculations
512Kbps(Kilo bits per second) -----> 64Kbytes -----> 64000bytes
256Kbps -----> 32Kbytes -----> 32000bytes
128Kbps -----> 16Kbytes -----> 16000bytes
64Kbps -----> 8Kbytes -----> 8000bytes

Points to remember in Delay Pools:
There are basically three things to note, they are - delay pools, delay class, delay parameters.

Delay pool --- Defines how many pools we want to use
Delay Class ---- Defines type of the pool you are going to use.
Delay Parameter � allots the restrictions and fill rate/maximum bucket size.

As I have said previously in this documentation delay pools uses bucketing system.
Now there are three types of buckets

Class 1 pool: A single aggregate bucket, shared by all users
Class 2 pool: One aggregate bucket, 256 individual buckets
Class 3 pool: One aggregate bucket, 256 network buckets, 65,536 individual buckets

If you still have any problem in the above syntax (ie) aggregate, network and individual buckets to understand, then here is a simple syntax/example for all these

For Class 1 delay pool
delay_parameters 1 32000/32000

For Class 2 delay pool
delay_parameters 1 48000/48000 48000/48000

For Class 3 delay pool
delay_parameters 2 32000/32000 8000/8000 16384/16384

Example Setup:
One 512Kbps pipe line. We want to distribute the whole pipe line into 2. One for normal users and other for special users as follows
Normal users --- 128 Kbps
Special Users --- 384 Kbps

Configuration Setup File /etc/squid/squid.conf:
Before getting into the delay pools setup first create the acl(Access Control List). Through acl you can define rules according to your requirements. Find the Access Control section in the squid.conf file.
Here is an example:

acl superusers src 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3
acl mynetwork src 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0

Here in the above example only three users are special users who need 256Kbps bandwidth which are listed in the specialusers label and the whole network including he special users are labeled as mynetwork.

After creating the users you have to allow them to access the internet. Below line specifies for allowing the mentioned labeled users.

http_access allow superusers
http_access allow mynetwork

Now comes the funny part Delay Pools. Here We will deal with a basic example for delay pools.

The example is as follows: We are having 512Kbps pipe line connection. We want to divide it into segments one for the special users, web servers and the other for the normal users in the organization. The special users and the web servers are given 384Kbps speed and the remaining 128Kbps for the normal users.

Delay Pools for super users:
Check for the delay pools section in the squid.conf file.
Start the configuration for delay pools as follows
==================================
########## Delay Pools############
==================================

delay_pools 2

As described above we have to create 2 delay pools, one for each delay class.
====================================================
######### Defining Delay pool 1 in class 2 #########
====================================================

delay_class 1 2
delay_parameters 1 48000/48000 48000/48000
delay_access 1 allow superusers

The first line specifies Delay Class which defines delay pool 1 for the delay class 2.

Why we are using delay class 2 here?

The first part on the second line ie �1� defines the pool One(1)

The second part on second line defines the aggregate 48000/48000(restore/max). where restore is the number of bytes (not bits - modem and network speeds are usually quoted in bits) per second placed into the bucket, and maximum is the maximum number of bytes which can be in the bucket at any time.

The third part on second line is individual buckets again 48000/48000(restore/max). All the special users and the web servers should obtain the same speed of 384 Kbps.

The third line allows the super users to fall in that bucket.

=====================================================
######### Defining Delay pool 2 in class 3 #########
=====================================================

Delay Pools for normal users:

delay_class 2 3
delay_parameters 2 32000/32000 8000/8000 16384/16384
delay_access 2 allow !superusers

The first line specifies Delay Class which defines delay pool 2 for the delay class 3.

The first part on the second line ie �2� defines the pool Two(2) of class three(3)

The second part on second line defines the aggregate 32000/32000(restore/max) as aggregate (ie for whole).
Note : - If you use -1/-1. �-1� indicates �unlimited�.

The third part on second line is network bucket. We have defined here 8000/8000 .

The fourth part on second line is for individual.

The third line specifies to throttle all the users except the super users.

How to check:
First set proxy settings in your browser as follows:
Go to any client machine and open an IE(Internet Explorer). Select "Tools" menu then select "Internet Options" then select "Connections" tab. After that select the "LAN Settings" button, you will get a new pop-up window there you select "Use proxy server for your LAN" check box and finally give your squid proxy servers ip address and the port on which the squid proxy server is configured. Now press "OK" and again press "OK". Cloase the window and now open a new window.
Second Check by downloading any large file

Start to download any lage file not less than 10MB size. Because when ever you download any small file it used to download it quickly. When you start downloading large file at first if you note some starting bytes of the file gets downloaded quickly and later it gets slowed down.

Keep a note on the download pop-up box which shows the speed limits in "kbps". When we start downloading note on the pop-up box the speed limits in kbps shows high value and then slowly gets decreased. This means when you start downloading the bucket gets filled and slowly it decreases and becomes stable to the specified limit in Kbps according to the configuration. Remember again as i told restore value is used to set the download speed, and the max value lets you set the size at which the files are to be slowed down from.

on Apr 24, 2010 | fedora Linux Operating System

Tip

How to configure your squid in linux


To configure squid proxy go to
/etc/squid/squid.conf file and then change its port no. from 3128 to 8080.
this is the http port that squid proxy listen for .

Then create your own access list
acl_access name_access_list src networkaddress


Then finally u have the power to allow or deny the particular network


http_access allow name_access_list


Just follow the above three steps to let squid work properly.

You must enable ip forwarding also.

for this go to

/etc/sysctl.conf

in it on the line
net_ipv4 forwarding=0
change it to 1
this will enable the ip forwarding

you can check ip forwarding by

sysctl -p

on Apr 24, 2010 | fedora Linux Operating System

1 Answer

Internet Bandwidth problem


try and get install polipo

it may solve ur promblem

Jun 17, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Low bandwidth in linux


Bandwidth is related to several factors:
- dedicated vs shared "on-ramp" (DSL is dedicated, good)
- Ethernet card used in the machine (single vs. dual buffers and piplining vs non) - don't know but it may be the card, more expensive cards are often worth the cost.
- drivers for the cards. If the Linux drivers (older than the Windows versions usually) don't allow for the dual buffers or piplining capability then you won't get the rated speed.

You may also have issues with the wrong drivers for your card. It may work but not work well - timing is everything with drivers.

Your description says that with another machine (a different card and drivers) it almost works. It is NOT the operating system. Typically Linux is faster on most things than Windows. It is NOT the BNSL provider. Has to be the card or its drivers.

Jun 16, 2008 | Computers & Internet

3 Answers

Obtain low bandwidh in linux


Sorry, I have no idea about Linux. Could be the software that is causing this issue..
I have forwarded this request to other Experts here who have more knowledge on this subject. Hopefully they should respond to your query within the next couple of hours..

Jun 13, 2008 | Computers & Internet

2 Answers

Redhat es5


This model was found not to be 64bit but 32bit.

May 18, 2008 | HP Compaq ProLiant DL380 G4 Server

1 Answer

Squid problem


Sorry dear...you cannot configure squid for that ...since squid is a http proxy ..cannot operate it in use for smtp/pop3 connectivity ....
Cheers - Parveen

Feb 22, 2008 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Firewall is not configered is linux centos


try and go for it..all d best...


**********
Use yum command as follows:
# yum install squid
Output:
Loading "installonlyn" plugin Setting up Install Process Setting up repositories Reading repository metadata in from local files Parsing package install arguments Resolving Dependencies --> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait. ---> Package squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 set to be updated --> Running transaction check Dependencies Resolved ============================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ============================================================================= Installing: squid i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 updates 1.2 M Transaction Summary ============================================================================= Install 1 Package(s) Update 0 Package(s) Remove 0 Package(s) Total download size: 1.2 M Is this ok [y/N]: y Downloading Packages: Running Transaction Test Finished Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing: squid ######################### [1/1] Installed: squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 Complete! Squid Basic Configuration Squid configuration file located at /etc/squid/squid.conf. Open file using a text editor:
# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
At least you need to define ACL (access control list) to work with squid. The defaults port is TCP 3128. Following example ACL allowing access from your local networks 192.168.1.0/24 and 192.168.2.0/24. Make sure you adapt to list your internal IP networks from where browsing should be allowed:
acl our_networks src 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.2.0/24
http_access allow our_networks
Save and close the file. Start squid proxy server:
# chkconfig squid on
# /etc/init.d/squid start
Output:
init_cache_dir /var/spool/squid... Starting squid: . [ OK ] Verify port 3128 is open:
# netstat -tulpn | grep 3128
Output:
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3128 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 20653/(squid) Open TCP port 3128 Finally make sure iptables is allowing to access squid proxy server. Just open /etc/sysconfig/iptables file:
# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
Append configuration:
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3128 -j ACCEPT
Restart iptables based firewall:
# /etc/init.d/iptables restart
Output:
Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ] Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter [ OK ] Unloading iptables modules: [ OK ] Applying iptables firewall rules: [ OK ] Loading additional iptables modules: ip_conntrack_netbios_n[ OK ] Client configuration Open a webbrowser > Tools > Internet option > Network settings > and setup Squid server IP address and port # 3128.
See also You may find our previous squid tips useful:

Nov 26, 2007 | Computers & Internet

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