Question about Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

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Just wanted to know best way to wire 2 12' JL 12W3-D6 subs to Direct-D mono D-800 amp?In series or parallel?Considering subs are 6 ohms each.can you help me?

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In playing the math game in audio, I would recommend wiring them in series. This way you can take them down to 3 ohms and still maintain a usable impedance on the amp. Plus you'll get the added benifit of actual usable output.

Taking most amps into a higher impedance (in parrallel it would be 12 ohms) you might over stress the amp (trying to get reasonable volume from your setup) and then trip the MOSFETs (or whatever their using today). Not that this will ruin the amp, but repeated tripping of the current reading ICs will eventually render the amp useless.

All being, most car audio is designed to be stable at 2 ohms anyway. My biggest peave with that is that sonically, 2 ohms slaps the speakers instead of driving them, not to mention limiting the actual headroom.

Hope that helps...

Posted on Oct 09, 2010

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2 Answers

Wire 2 sub 4ohm


I am assuming these are subs, you didnt say, but that is my guess. do you want bass, or do you want to take it easy on your amp? do you have a terminal cup on your sub box, or just wires going into the box to the speakers? take it easy route: wire positive from amp to positive of one speaker, negative of amp to negative of the other speaker, with a jumper wire connecting the negative of the first speaker, to the positive of the second.
more bass route: run seperate positive and negative wires to each speaker, making sure to maintain proper polarity.

Oct 21, 2013 | Jl Audio 500/1 Car Audio Amplifier

2 Answers

Try to install 3 12w3d6 subwoofers connecting 3 sub together to put them in box


You need to wire them according to the limitations of your amp you can pull a 1 ohm overall load just by connecting all of your coils in parallel- or you can get an overall load of 4 ohms by wiring each sub individually in a series configuration which will yield a 12 ohm load per sub -and then wire the 3 sets in parallel which will bring your ohms back down to 4. You can do a lot with that many coils it depends on your amp really-ideally a 1 ohm stable class d mono amp that is 1000-1500 watts rms would knock the **** outta those things JL is the good stuff.

Jan 16, 2010 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How 2 wire 3 jl audio w6 v2


Hello mikey4569mky,

Unless your amp is stable below 1 ohm, there's really only one wiring solution. And that is to series the voice coils making each sub 8 ohms, then parallel all 3 subs to the amp for a 2.67 ohm load. If you parallel the voice coils and then parallel the subs, the impedance will be 0.67 ohms, much too low for most amps.

You could parallel the voice coils and then series the subs for a 6 ohm load, but the amp won't put as many watts into a 6 ohm load. Most are optimized for 4 ohms or 2 ohms. And it's not good to run subs in series anyway.

Here's the wiring diagram.

Hope this helps.

Sep 13, 2009 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

How can i make my jl audio 12w3-d6 into a 4 ohms


it depends if the amp is mono or stereo and if it is bridged. if it is bridged the amp cant handle the speaker the best way is to lower the level on the amp or connect it to only one channel. also you might want to check your ground cable use a thick one and make sure its making good contact with the chassis. this happened to me. luck

Sep 12, 2009 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

Subwoofers pop then immediately produce no sound


Sounds like the two subs wired together might be too much of a load on the amp and it is shutting off. Try wiring the two subs in series. That will reduce the load on the amp but will conversely put out less power. Less is better than none though. In any case check your amp to see what the lowest ohm rating it can see, that ohm rating is where you want your subs and if faced with a choice of either going under (lower numerically) or over (higher numerically) GO OVER!-it is much safer.
Here's an article I wrote that can help explain how to wire the subs to the amp.

OHM LOADS, SUB WIRING, OHM RELATED POWER OUTPUT

SERIES SUBWOOFER WIRING
Wire the positive pole from one voice coil (using wire that is as thick or thicker than your wire from amp to sub) to the negative pole of the other voice coil (on the same sub). This will leave you with a positive pole from one voice coil and a negative pole from the other giving you the two leads that will be hooked up to the amplifier or other subs. When wiring in series, the ohms will go up numerically, and the load on the amp will go down. Almost all amplifiers power output will follow this rule, except some amps such as JL Audio's “Ohm matching” D Class amps.

PARALLEL SUBWOOFER WIRING
Wire the positive pole from one voice coil (using wire that is as thick or thicker than your wire from amp to sub) to the positive pole of the other voice coil (on the same sub). Then wire the negative to the negative in the same way. You can then wire to the amp or other subs. When wiring in parallel the ohms will go down numerically, and the load on the amp will go up. Almost all amplifiers power output will follow this rule, except some amps such as JL Audio's “Ohm matching” D Class amps.

MULTIPLE SUBS USING SERIES AND PARALLEL WIRING
In order to match your amplifiers ohm rating you can use parallel and series wiring together, just keep things even for power distribution and to avoid phase issues.
Example: I have two “Type X 12” subs” that have dual 2ohm voice coils and have to match my “Amplifier X” ohm rating of 2ohms mono. In this case, I would wire each subwoofer in series (giving me a 4ohm load), and then wire the two subs in parallel to get my 2ohm mono load. When wiring multiple subs just, treat each sub as a voice coil and wire accordingly.

POWER OUTPUT AND OHM LOADS
For example if “Amplifier X” can make 100watts@8ohms, it would make 200watts@4ohms and 400watts@2ohms. However with every drop in ohms the amplifier is put under more pressure. It starts to create a lot of heat, distortion figures begin to climb, damping rates drop, and some amps even throw power spikes when clipping. SO BE SURE TO CHECK YOUR AMPS RATING AND DO NOT EXCEED IT!

-Dynami

Apr 04, 2009 | Alpine Car Audio & Video

1 Answer

How do i wire a jl w3 to a jl 500/1 mono


wire the sub in series it will give you best bang

Mar 16, 2009 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

500/1 settings to run jl13w6 v2 d-4


Just had a look at both amp and sub on the JL Audio website. The amp runs from 1.5-4ohms. 4ohms at 14.5V. The sub is running dual 4 ohms coils. That's what the D-4 means. So should be an easy set up. The amp has two mono outputs, so one for each coil. It looks like the perfect wattage to run the sub real nice.
Web page for amp: http://mobile.jlaudio.com/products_amps.php?amp_id=439
Web page for sub: http://mobile.jlaudio.com/products_subs.php?series_id=18

Nov 19, 2008 | Jl Audio 1000/1 Car Audio Amplifier

1 Answer

Subs


6ohm i believe i have a pair of them though and i wired them to 1.5ohm

Sep 30, 2008 | Jl Audio 12W3 Car Subwoofer

1 Answer

Can i wire 3 jbl gto1204d subs into 1 jl audio 500/1 amp


You can connect them in a series/parallel configuration. Put two of them in series and then connect the last one in parallel across the two in series. This would give you an impeadance of around 2.7 ohms. Only do this if your amp is stable at 3 ohms or less. I am not familiar with the specs of your amp. If your amp is only 4 ohm stable you can not do this.
This would also give you half the power on the two subs in series as the power for the one that is parallel. The two in series would be sharing the total output signal, where-as the one in parallel would get the entire output signal from the amp.
if you were to connect a fourth sub woofer in this configuration it could give you a 4 ohm load, by adding the fourth sub in series with the single sub that is in parallel. or in other words, yu have two sets of 2 sub woofers each in series. That gives you two 8 ohm loads (two 4 ohm subs in series is 8 ohms). Then you take the two sets of subs and parallel them (two 8 ohm loads in parallel equals 4 ohms).

If i had a picture to show you it would make sense, two subs in series that are in parallel with two subs in series.

May 12, 2008 | Jl Audio 500/1 Car Audio Amplifier

2 Answers

Speaker connections


This is a single channel amp that puts out about the same power at 4 Ohms or 2 Ohms. If you have two 4 Ohm single voice coil subs, then wire them parallel (both pos and both neg) to achieve 2 ohms. If you have two dual 4 Ohm voive coils, you want to do a series - parallel config to get to 4 Ohms (voice coils in series, then parallel the subs). Same with DVC 2 Ohm subs, series parallel = 2 Ohms. Do NOT go below two Ohms. You will blow the amp (actually, it'll do 1.5 Ohms). If you happen to have 2 Ohm single voice coil subs (not as likely) run them in series. Most amps will put out about twice as much power at 2 Ohms vs. 4, but this amp is designed to put out about the same. Hope this helps!

Feb 12, 2008 | Jl Audio 500/1 Car Audio Amplifier

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