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Most gas ovens that aren't electronic ignition usually have a pilot light.
Usually one in the oven area and one for each burner. (Sometimes shared between two burners.)
These pilot lights must lit at all times...otherwise it won't light up and you'll smell gas.
Usually the pilot light is in the very back of the oven and can be seen with the broiler drawer opened.
There is a small set screw located at the pilot light assembly in the oven and also at every burner.
This allows you to adjust pilot light up or down, thereby letting you set pilot light flame to a level that doesn't get blown out by a draft...or you can turn it off completely.
If you use that set screw to turn off the pilot light gas, you'd need to strike a match to light the oven or burners everytime you needed them.
On standing pilot ovens the maker uses a safety device to kill the gas in case the pilot blows out. As long as the pilot is lit the gas safety magnet hold the gas flap open inside the safety valve.To save energy the pilot has 2 flames. The standby pilot keeps the cooper/nickel probe/sensor warm so the oven will light faster, the 2nd pilot is much larger, only appears when the oven control is turned on and this is what opens that valve. So when you turn the oven knob on the gas leaves the control and goes downtown to burner land. If that pilot is lit and that slow opening flap inside that valve is open, then the gas will enter the burner tube and ignite when it hits the pilot. Pretty slick ain't it? So what can go wrong? With age the flap inside the safety valve will wear out, get weak, work a little, then take forever to light and eventually just goes bye bye. When you get ready to replace the valve it ain't gonna be adjusted exactamundo, you gotta tweak it. To do so after bubble testing for leaks and lighting the pilot you turn it on and observe the flames. It needs to be not more than half way up the flame spreader. If it is to small of a flame it will take forever to bake even a pie shell, if it is too much their could be burned bottom and in some cases fire hazards. OOPs.
If your oven still uses a pilot light, it also probably has a thermocouple positioned in the pilot's flame path to detect whether if is safe to turn on the main burner.
When the thermocouple fails, the oven thinks the pilot light is not lit and will not let gas flow to the primary burners.
The part isn't costly (should be <$20 US) but replacing it may require some expensive labor.
The thermostat is doing it's job if the pilot gets bigger. When you turn on the thermo, it does 2 things: Makes the pilot bigger and supplies gas to the oven safety valve in the oven. The bigger pilot heats up the bulb from the valve and the stuff inside expands and turns on the main gas. The oven cycles when temo is reached by making the pilot smaller. The most common problem is that the pilot doesn't get big enough to satisfy the valve. Take out the pilot burner ***'y. (7/16" wrench for the nut). Replace the pilot burner. The part is probably a 5414S030 if the valve bulb is located parallel to the ***'y.
Hi, The ignitor is getting weak and will not open the gas valve. Replace the ignitor and you will be back in business. This is a very common problem with the gas ovens. Please let me know if I can assist you further.
the pilot light is there for 2 purposes. number 1 to light the burner and number 2 to heat up the thermocouple, thermocouple is a wire that the flame from pilot suppose to surround by fire. if the pilot is to low it will not reach the thermocouple. you can take the gas line that supplies gas to the pilot and clean it with a safety pin or a small needle. you can test the thermocouple by heating it up with a blow torch on low heat, get it red hot and then turned on the oven. if the oven works clean the pilot, if the oven do not work, replace the thermocouple if separate from safety valve. if thermocouple is part of it replace the safety valve.
I have a whirlpool accubake system / super capacity 465 oven ... the top burners do fine...but my oven pilot went out... and I don't know how to re-lite the pilot... the owners manual doesn't help ... it doesn't show anything a layman could understand ... no visual illustrations ... when I turn on the oven ... the display shows that it's been activated... it clicks a couple of times but does not light ... what is a simple way to re-light the pilot? thanks, A
gas ranges currently available employ one of 3 basic gas ignition
systems; pilot ignition, hot surface ignition system (which uses a
'glow bar' or 'glow coil' - aka an "ignitor") and a spark ignition
system. The latter two being referred to as "electronic ignition"
systems as they use electricity in one form or another to operate the
oven heating system. Only the pilot ignition system has an actual "pilot" (which is a small but real "flame") which might need manual lighting.
If the surface burners of a range are a spark ignition type, the oven IS one of the possible kinds of electronic ignition systems
and thus will not usually have a "pilot" which needs lighting. Be aware
though that just because the surface burners might light via a spark
doesn't necessarily mean the oven uses the spark type ignition system
There is one older style of electronic ignition system which does
also use an oven pilot but it is very rare and such a system hasn't
been used in oven models since the early to mid 70's. It is the
'constant pilot' *electronic ignition* system
Relighting Your Furnace's Pilot Light
Turn off the gas at the main valve at your utility box
Wait five to ten minutes for gas fumes to waft away
Get a long match—yes, a fireplace match, not a standard match
Set the gas valve on your furnace to "pilot"
Press the red button as you hold the match to the pilot valve
Keep pressing the red button for 30-60 seconds so the pilot can heat the
thermocouple. Release the button and see if the pilot remains lit
If pilot goes out, wait five to ten minutes and repeat the process
Once the pilot stays lit, turn the main gas valve back on
If the pilot light continues to go out, call a technician, who may need
to adjust or replace your thermocouple or adjust your pilot