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Do you have a manual for a canada ices class b mother board

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Canada ICES (Industry Canada Interference Causing Equipment Standard), is as the full name for the ICES abbreviation shows, a standard in Canada. What is not stated by the abbreviated title, is that it's a standard for EMC, and the unwanted interference of radio communications, that can be caused by EMC. ElectroMagnetic Compatibility..

Article entailing EMC on Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_compatibility

From the Wikipedia article; "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the branch of electrical sciences which studies the unintentional generation, propagation and reception of electromagnetic energy with reference to the unwanted
effects (Electromagnetic interference, or EMI) that such energy may induce. " Some electronic equipment produces EMI. ElectroMagnetic Inteference. Personal computers, are a digital electronic device, which Does produce EMI. However due to standards set by regulatory agencies, the EMI is kept down to an acceptable level. (FCC for United States. Federal Communications Commission)

Here you can see the different classifications set by Canada ICES, and the Class A, and B designation, http://www.i-spec.com/EMC/canada.html For a motherboard made in the USA, the classification N1996, is a Radio Frequency Interference classification, quite like the ICES-003 standard.

Point? The classification has nothing to do with identifying what motherboard manufacturer made your motherboard. Let me give you some information I have gleaned over the years from experience, and what others have gleaned, and stated on the internet.

1st) Look in-between the Expansion slots for a manufacturer code. Generally a Model Number. To wit; A) ISA expansion slot (Generally Black in color) B) PCI expansion slot (White in color) C) AGP expansion slot D) PCI Express expansion slot.

More information on Expansion Slot, and information leading to the above stated types of expansion slots, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expansion_card I invite you to scroll down to the heading - Expansion Slot Standards, and left-click on each type stated.

This photo of a typical motherboard, shows a PCI expansion slot, (2 each. White in color), and a PCI Express expansion slot (1 each, and in this case a PCI Express x16. Black in color ) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a8n_VMCSM02.jpg (You can left-click on the photo to enlarge it)

Looking in-between the black PCI Express x16 expansion slot, and the white PCI expansion slot, you will see ASUS. It is upside down in the photo. Motherboard manufacturer of this motherboard is Asus. Looking to the right of the blue Ram Memory slot 1, you will see Asus's motherboard manufacturer Model Number, for this motherboard, A8N -VM CSM REV 1.10G stands for Revision 1.10G Asus's code for how many times the motherboard design, has been revised.

Sometimes, the motherboard manufacturer model number, is printed on the motherboard right out in the middle. Sometimes along one edge. Sometimes NOT at all. Older motherboards made by certain motherboard manufacturers, were not proud to state their name on the motherboard, nor a Model Number. Reasoning is rumored, that these particular motherboard manufacturers, stole certain designs implemented by other motherboard manufacturers, (Usually top of the line manufacturers),. and used it on their motherboards. Most of those motherboard manufacturers are not in business today.

Here is more information on identifying your motherboard, http://www.hardwaresecrets.com/article/How-to-Find-Out-Your-Motherboard-Manufacturer-and-Model/236 IF, the motherboard is installed in a working computer, you may be able to use CPU-Z from CPUID.com, (Free, but they do accept donations), and find out who is the motherboard manufacturer. I state MAY, because there is a possibility that not all motherboard manufactures may be on record for CPU-Z. There ARE a LOT of motherboard manufacturers who are, However. Some of the main information that CPU-Z states, is the Motherboard Chipset. Armed with this info you can find out what, A) Processors can be used B) Ram Memory C) Graphics Cards Information on CPU-Z on Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CPU-Z (You can left-click on the CPU-Z GUI at the upper right, to enlarge it. GUI = Graphics User Interface) IF, the motherboard is Not installed in a working computer, working together, and looking for the motherboard chipset used, together we can derive needed information. [Motherboard Chipset; For one, Chip, and Chipset are slang terms used to denote I.C. Integrated Circuit. The Motherboard 'Chipset' is the Northbridge chip, and the Southbridge chip. (Unless, it is the new technology used on motherboards for the Intel Core i3, i5, and i7 processors)

More to be continued;

Posted on Aug 26, 2010

  • 14 more comments 
  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 26, 2010

    Well that's a mess above.

    Let's see if my sentences are properly spaced, as I put them this time.

    The Northbridge chip handles the faster processes of a computer. The Processor, Ram Memory, and high-speed graphics.

    [NOTE* High-speed graphics being AGP, or PCI Express.
    Not a graphics card inserted into a PCI slot, nor Integrated Graphics]

    Integrated Graphics is also referred to as OnBoard Graphics. On the motherBoard.
    The GPU is soldered to the motherboard, instead of on a graphics
    adapter card.

    Graphics Processing Unit ]

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 26, 2010

    Nope.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

    Awaiting your questions. Please post in a Comment.

  • joecoolvette
    joecoolvette Aug 27, 2010

    Sorry, I can't seem to space the sentences so it is easier for you to read. Let's continue.

    The Northbridge chip determines what Processor's can be used. Therefore you get accurate information as to CPU, (Processor) upgrade. That, and the processor socket being used.

    The Northbridge chip also determines what Type of ram Memory, Frequency Rate, ('Speed'), and Total maximum amount for the motherboard. One has to self calculate how much is the Maximum Amount for Each ram memory slot.

    For example if you know the maximum total amount is 2GB, and you have 2 ram memory slots, it is a good calculation that the maximum amount for Each ram memory slot is 1GB.

    Let's take a look at 'Intel Chipsets', on Wikipedia, for one example of motherboard chipsets.
    (Main motherboard manufacturers are Intel, AMD, and VIA, as of the present),
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_int...

    (I don't have access at present, to turn the URL link above, into a link you just left-click on.
    You'll have to copy, and paste it into your address bar, then press the Enter key)

    Furthermore let's take the Intel Core2 chipsets, and specifically the Intel Core2 945GC motherboard chipset, for an example;

    Scroll down to the sub-heading - Core 2 Chipsets

    Now read across in the chart from the heading in the left column - 945GC
    Also look at the headings going across the chart.

    You can see the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset consists of an Intel 82945GC Northbridge chip, (Part number on the top of the chip is Intel 82945GC. It's under a Heatsink)

    The Intel 945GC motherboard chipset also consists of an Intel ICH7 Southbridge chip.
    (As shown, it could be the ICH7, or the ICH7R, or the ICH7-DH)

    Read across, and look under the heading in the chart - Processors
    This shows you the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, can support Intel Pentium 4 processors, or Intel Pentium D processors, or Intel Celeron D processors, or Intel Core2 Duo processors, or Intel Pentium Dual Core processors, or Intel Atom processors.

    Now look under the heading - Process Support
    Tells you the architecture size is 45nm. (nm stands for NanoMeter. 1 Billionth of a meter)

    Look under the FSB heading.
    (FSB stands for Front Side Bus. Essentially the communications 'highway', in-between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mother... )

    FSB support is stated, as either the Processor has a 533MegaHertz FSB, or an 800MHz Front Side Bus.

    Next heading across in the chart is for the Ram Memory.
    Memory Type.
    The 945GC chipset supports either DDR2 Sdram at 533MHz, (PC2-4200), or DDR2 Sdram at 667 Megahertz. (PC2-5300)
    [Mega = Approximately 1 Million
    Hertz stands for Cycles per Second

    533 Million Cycles per Second
    667 Million Cycles per Second ]

    Tells you the Maximum Total Amount of ram memory that the Intel 945GC motherboard chipset, will support - 2GB
    (Max.memory)

    Under the Graphics heading, it tells you that a PCI Express x16 expansion slot is supported.
    (If the motherboard has one)
    It also states that the Integrated Graphics used is the Intel 950 GMA GPU.

    [GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPU

    A GPU can be soldered to the motherboard, (Integrated Graphics), or soldered to a removable graphics adapter card, (Graphics Card, also know as Video Card)

    Integrated Graphics is also stated as OnBoard graphics. On the motherBoard ]

    IF, the motherboard is Not in a working computer, so that either Belarc Advisor can be used, or CPU-Z, then I suggest phsically checking to see what the identification number is, on the Northbridge chip.

    May not be an easy task.
    The Northbridge chip usually has a Heatsink glued to the top with thermal glue.

    Looking at this motherboard photo once more,
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asus_a...

    you can see the Heatsink used on the Northbridge chip.

    The Processor socket is a Socket 939 used for AMD processors.
    You can click on the photo once more to enlarge. Scroll the sidebar down on the right, until you are looking at the white Processor socket.
    View the left side of the socket. You will see SOCKET 939 going up vertically.

    Right above this Socket 939 processor socket, is a aluminum Heatsink.
    Looks like a meat cleaver head.
    Under that Heatsink is the Northbridge chip.

    (The Southbridge chip is towards the top left.
    It's a black chip, square in shape with the corners cut off, {Octagon}, and has Nvidia MCP51-N-A2 printed on it in white)

    The Heatsink on the Northbridge chip is gently heated with a hair dryer set on low heat, and the hair dryer nozzle is slowly moved back, and forth across the Heatsink.
    The object is to soften the glue enough, so you can gently twist the Heatsink side to side, and remove it.

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SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

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Best thing about this new service is that you are never placed on hold and get to talk to real repair professionals here in the US.
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