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The random number function always generates a number between zero and one. You can convert this to a random number in any range by a suitable combination of multiplications and additions. For example, if you want a random number between zero and ten, multiply the generated random number by 10. If you want a random number between one and ten, multiply the generated random number by 9 and then add 1.
If you want to simulate the roll of a six-sided die, multiply the generated random number by 6, add 1, and ignore the fractional portion. This will give you a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 with more-or-less equal probability.
The MOD function simply returns the remainder that is left over after dividing the two numbers.
In this case, its possible to see quite easily that only 1×19937 can be taken from 24124 before the remainder is less than 19937. The MOD function is therefore the same as 24124 - 19937 = 4187.
In cases that are less obvious, do the division, ie 24124 ÷ 19937 = 1.210011536
[The last two digits are hidden on the display but still used in subsequent calculations].
Then obtain the fractional part by subtracting 1 to give 0.210011536. Then multiply the answer by 19937 to give 4187. Assuming that you haven't cleared the screen between each section of the calculation, the screen will show "Ans×19937 [=] 4187".
Hi, You must change the number display to FIX. Press [MODE][7:] followed by a number betwee 0 and 7. This will set the number of decimal digits. Be warned that the Indicator FIX will be displayed on the screen. This information is for the FX250D, but I trust it is also valid for the FX-250HC. If it is not, just look in your manual. If you cannot find yours, do not blame me, I cannot get hold of a manual for this calculator.
You can always take the time to play with the [MODE] key followed by [.] or a number. When you press the mode + number, look on the screen to see what indicator appears (deg, Fix, Rad) The one that makes FIX appaear is the one that gets you out of the exponential scientific mode.