Here is a routine I compiled over the years on how to optimize a PC:
0. Ensure the Hard Disc Drive is not damaged or faulty.
Solution - Run CheckDisk:
a. Start> Computer >select C Drive>Right Click C Drive>select "Properties">"Tools" > click "Check Now"> Select both boxes and click "Start".
b. This can take a long time, so let it complete (may take all night or longer. Be patient.)
1. Ensure your PC has as much memory (RAM) as possible.
Solution -- Find out how much RAM your PC has:
a. Go to Start > Right Click "Computer" > Properties
b. This will list the processor type and speed as well as how much RAM is installed.
c. Search your PC's name and model # followed by "memory" to see what what kind of memory you need and how much your PC supports.
d. Get the maximum amount of memory your computer can hold and install it (you can search "How to install memory on a (your model name and #)" to find some videos on how to do this.
2. Ensure the PC is protected.
Solution - Update existing Anti-Malware software or install if there are none.
a. Open the Anti-Virus program and ensure it is up to date.
b. Open the Anti-Spyware program and ensure it is up to date
c. If no Anti-Virus or Anti-Spyware, get good programs (MalWare Bytes is a good, free anti malware program and AVG is good, free Anti Virus-- see links below).
d. If getting another AV program, remove the old one before installing the replacement one.
3. Remove Malware from your PC
Solution - Run the Antivrus and then the Antispyware scans (can take a while if never done. Be patient):
a. Scan the whole system with the Anti-Virus & handle whatever found;
b. Scan the whole system with the Anti-Spyware & handle whatever found;
4. Next, ensure the Registry is clean and the disk's clutter is also cleaned out.
Solution: Get and run a good registry cleaner.
a. Check to see if there is a registry cleaner already on the system;
b. if none, get CCleaner at the site below
c. Run the Registry cleaner till it finds and corrects all errors
d. Run the "File Cleaner" to analyze the disk and see what it finds to delete and then delete the files that are not needed (most of the files it finds are unneeded, but look through the categories to be safe).
Note: Be careful with Registry Cleaners as there are many around and new ones come up all the time and some reportedly cause more damage than they help. Use a time-tested reliable one. CCleaner is one of the originals and is proven.
5. Now defragment the drive.
Solution - Get a good third party program that will defrag your drive and keep it defragmented.
Fragmentation is basically broken-up pieces of files and free space randomly scattered all over your disk. The disk has to work a lot harder to save files in pieces and then to find them again and this really slows your computer down. It also wears out your disk, as the more the disk is used, the faster it wears out.
Basic defragmenting finds all the pieces of a file and puts them together, saving time.
Windows has a built-in defrag tool but it is very slow and you cannot use the PC while it is running (some users complain that it did not completely defrag their disks despite running all night).
a. Below is a Top 10 Reviews side-by-side comparison of the best defrag programs around. Check it out, select a program and install it.
b. The better defrag programs are automatic. The gold medal winner in the above review will defrag
while you use the PC and it also prevents fragmentation.
You can get a free trial for the gold medal winner via the review or at the site listed below.
c. Defragment your disk drives. The best defrag programs are very fast. You will be able to see the progress and with the gold medalist, you can use the PC while it is working with no problems.
Once this all is done, your PC will be in the best shape possible.
Bill R TechSpec
MalWare Bytes: http://download.cnet.com/Malwarebytes-Anti-Malware/3000-8022_4-10804572.html
AVG AntiVirus: http://download.cnet.com/AVG-Anti-Virus-Free-Edition-2011/3000-2239_4-10320142.html
Defrag Reviews: http://disk-defragmenter-software-review.toptenreviews.com/
Gold medal defrag winner: http://www.diskeeper.com/defrag